Job 19:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He has kindled his wrath against me and counts me as his adversary.

King James Bible
He hath also kindled his wrath against me, and he counteth me unto him as one of his enemies.

American Standard Version
He hath also kindled his wrath against me, And he counteth me unto him as one of his adversaries.

Douay-Rheims Bible
His wrath is kindled against me, and he hath counted me as his enemy.

English Revised Version
He hath also kindled his wrath against me, and he counteth me unto him as one of his adversaries.

Webster's Bible Translation
He hath also kindled his wrath against me, and he counteth me to him as one of his enemies.

Job 19:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

1 Then began Job, and said:

2 How long will ye vex my soul,

And crush me with your words?

3 These ten times have ye reproached me;

Without being ashamed ye astound me.

4 And if I have really erred,

My error rests with myself.

5 If ye will really magnify yourselves against me,

And prove my reproach to me:

6 Know then that Eloah hath wronged me,

And hath compassed me with His net.

This controversy is torture to Job's spirit; enduring in himself unutterable agony, both bodily and spiritually, and in addition stretched upon the rack by the three friends with their united strength, he begins his answer with a well-justified quousque tandem. תּגיוּן (Norzi: תּוגיוּן) is fut. energicum from הוּגה (יגה), with the retention of the third radical., Ges. 75, rem. 16. And in וּתדכּאוּנני (Norzi: וּתדכּוּנני with quiescent Aleph) the suff. is attached to the n of the fut. energicum, Ges. 60, rem. 3; the connecting vowel is a, and the suff. is ani, without epenthesis, not anni or aneni, Ges. 58, 5. In Job 19:3 Job establishes his How long? Ten times is not to be taken strictly (Saad.), but it is a round number; ten, from being the number of the fingers on the human hand, is the number of human possibility, and from its position at the end of the row of numbers (in the decimal system) is the number of that which is perfected (vid., Genesis, S. 640f.); as not only the Sanskrit daan is traceable to the radical notion "to seize, embrace," but also the Semitic עשר is traceable to the radical notion "to bind, gather together" (cogn. קשׁר). They have already exhausted what is possible in reproaches, they have done their utmost. Renan, in accordance with the Hebr. expression, transl.: Voil (זה, as e.g., Genesis 27:36) la dixime fois que vous m'insultez. The ἅπ. γεγρ. תּהכּרוּ is connected by the Targ. with הכּיר (of respect of persons equals partiality), by the Syr. with כּרא (to pain, of crvecoeur), by Raschi and Parchon with נכּר (to mistake) or התנכּר (to alienate one's self), by Saadia (vid., Ewald's Beitr. S. 99) with עכר (to dim, grieve);

(Note: Reiske interprets according to the Arabic ‛kr, denso et turbido agmine cum impetu ruitis in me.)

he, however, compares the Arab. hkr, stupere (which he erroneously regards as differing only in sound from Arab. qhr, to overpower, oppress); and Abulwalid (vid., Rdiger in Thes. p. 84 suppl.) explains Arab. thkrûn mn-nı̂, ye gaze at me, since at the same time he mentions as possible that הכר may be equals Arab. khr, to treat indignantly, insultingly (which is only a different shade in sound of Arab. hkr,

continued...

Job 19:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

kindled

Deuteronomy 32:22 For a fire is kindled in my anger, and shall burn to the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase...

Psalm 89:46 How long, LORD? will you hide yourself for ever? shall your wrath burn like fire?

Psalm 90:7 For we are consumed by your anger, and by your wrath are we troubled.

he counteth

Job 13:24 Why hide you your face, and hold me for your enemy?

Job 16:9 He tears me in his wrath, who hates me: he gnashes on me with his teeth; my enemy sharpens his eyes on me.

Job 33:10 Behold, he finds occasions against me, he counts me for his enemy,

Lamentations 2:5 The LORD was as an enemy: he has swallowed up Israel, he has swallowed up all her palaces: he has destroyed his strong holds...

Cross References
Job 13:24
Why do you hide your face and count me as your enemy?

Job 16:9
He has torn me in his wrath and hated me; he has gnashed his teeth at me; my adversary sharpens his eyes against me.

Job 33:10
Behold, he finds occasions against me, he counts me as his enemy,

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