Job 3:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
because it did not shut the doors of my mother’s womb, nor hide trouble from my eyes.

King James Bible
Because it shut not up the doors of my mother's womb, nor hid sorrow from mine eyes.

American Standard Version
Because it shut not up the doors of my mother's womb, Nor hid trouble from mine eyes.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because it shut not up the doors of the womb that bore me, nor took away evils from my eyes.

English Revised Version
Because it shut not up the doors of my mother's womb, nor hid trouble from mine eyes.

Webster's Bible Translation
Because it prevented not my birth, nor hid sorrow from my eyes.

Job 3:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

3 Perish the day wherein I was born.

And the night which said, A man-child is conceived!

4 Let that day become darkness;

Let not Eloah ask after it from above,

And let not the light shine on it.

5 May darkness and the shadow of death purchase it back;

Let a cloud lie upon it;

May that which obscures the day terrify it.

The curse is against the day of his birth and the night of his conception as recurring yearly, not against the actual first day (Schlottm.), to which the imprecations which follow are not pertinent. Job wishes his birth-day may become dies ater, swallowed up by darkness as into nothing. The elliptical relative clauses, Job 3:3 (Ges. 123, 3; cf. 127, 4, c), become clear from the translation. Transl. the night (לילה with parag. He is masc.) which said, not: in which they said; the night alone was witness of this beginning of the development of a man-child, and made report of it to the High One, to whom it is subordinate. Day emerges from the darkness as Eloah from above (as Job 31:2, Job 31:28), i.e., He who reigns over the changes here below, asks after it; interests Himself in His own (דּרשׁ). Job wishes his birth-day may not rejoice in this. The relations of this his birth-day are darkness and the shadow of death. These are to redeem it, as, according to the right of kinsmen, family property is redeemed when it has got into a stranger's hands. This is the meaning of גּאל (lxx ἐκλάβοι), not equals גּעל, inquinent (Targ.). עננה is collective, as נהרה, mass of cloud. Instead of כּמרירי (the Caph of which seems pointed as praepos), we must read with Ewald (157, a), Olshausen, (187, b), and others, כּמרירי, after the form חכליל, darkness, dark flashing (vid., on Psalm 10:8), שׁפריר, tapestry, unless we are willing to accept a form of noun without example elsewhere. The word signifies an obscuring, from כּמר, to glow with heat, because the greater the glow the deeper the blackness it leaves behind. All that ever obscures a day is to overtake and render terrible that day.

(Note: We may compare here, and further, on, Constance's outburst of despair in King John (3:1 and 3:4). Shakespeare, like Goethe, enriches himself from the book of Job.)

Job 3:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

it shut not.

Job 10:18,19 Why then have you brought me forth out of the womb? Oh that I had given up the ghost, and no eye had seen me!...

Genesis 20:18 For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham's wife.

Genesis 29:31 And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren.

1 Samuel 1:5 But to Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.

Ecclesiastes 6:3-5 If a man beget an hundred children, and live many years, so that the days of his years be many, and his soul be not filled with good...

Jeremiah 20:17 Because he slew me not from the womb; or that my mother might have been my grave, and her womb to be always great with me.

hid.

Job 6:2,3 Oh that my grief were thoroughly weighed, and my calamity laid in the balances together!...

Job 10:1 My soul is weary of my life; I will leave my complaint on myself; I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.

Job 23:2 Even to day is my complaint bitter: my stroke is heavier than my groaning.

Ecclesiastes 11:10 Therefore remove sorrow from your heart, and put away evil from your flesh: for childhood and youth are vanity.

Cross References
Job 3:9
Let the stars of its dawn be dark; let it hope for light, but have none, nor see the eyelids of the morning,

Job 3:11
"Why did I not die at birth, come out from the womb and expire?

Jeremiah 20:17
because he did not kill me in the womb; so my mother would have been my grave, and her womb forever great.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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