Job 31:40
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
let thorns grow instead of wheat, and foul weeds instead of barley.” The words of Job are ended.

King James Bible
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

American Standard Version
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, And cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let thistles grow up to me instead of wheat, and thorns instead of barley.

English Revised Version
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

Webster's Bible Translation
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

Job 31:40 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

With כּי follows the motive which Job might have had for hiding himself with his sin: he has been neither an open sinner, nor from fear of men and a feeling of honour a secret sinner. He cherished within him no secret accursed thing, and had no need for playing the hypocrite, because he dreaded (ערץ only here with the acc. of the obj. feared) the great multitude of the people (רבּה not adv. but adj.; המון with Mercha-Zinnorith, consequently fem., as עם sometimes, Ew. 174, b), and consequently the moral judgment of the people; and because he feared the stigma of the families, and therefore the loss of honour in the higher circles of society, so that as a consequence he should have kept himself quiet and retired, without going out of the door. One might think of that abhorrence of voluptuousness, with which, in the consciousness of its condemnatory nature, a man shuts himself up in deep darkness; but according to Job 31:33 it is in general deeds that are intended, which Job would have ground for studiously concealing, because if they had become known he would have appeared a person to be scouted and despised: he could frankly and freely meet any person's gaze, and had no occasion to fear the judgment of men, because he feared sin. He did nothing which he should have caused for carefully keeping from the light of publicity. And yet his affliction is to be accounted as the punishment of hidden sin! as proof that he has committed punishable sin, which, however, he will not confess!

Job 31:40 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thistles (Choach, probably the black thorn.) See on

2 Kings 14:9 And Jehoash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying...

Genesis 3:17,18 And to Adam he said, Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten of the tree, of which I commanded you, saying...

Isaiah 7:23 And it shall come to pass in that day, that every place shall be, where there were a thousand vines at a thousand sliver coins...

Zephaniah 2:9 Therefore as I live, said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, Surely Moab shall be as Sodom, and the children of Ammon as Gomorrah...

Malachi 1:3 And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness.

cockle. or, noisome weeds. The

Psalm 72:20 The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended.

Cross References
Job 32:13
Beware lest you say, 'We have found wisdom; God may vanquish him, not a man.'

Isaiah 5:6
I will make it a waste; it shall not be pruned or hoed, and briers and thorns shall grow up; I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.

Jeremiah 51:64
and say, 'Thus shall Babylon sink, to rise no more, because of the disaster that I am bringing upon her, and they shall become exhausted.'" Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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