Job 5:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I have seen the fool taking root, but suddenly I cursed his dwelling.

King James Bible
I have seen the foolish taking root: but suddenly I cursed his habitation.

American Standard Version
I have seen the foolish taking root: But suddenly I cursed his habitation.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I have seen a fool with a strong root, and I cursed his beauty immediately.

English Revised Version
I have seen the foolish taking root: but suddenly I cursed his habitation.

Webster's Bible Translation
I have seen the foolish taking root: but suddenly I cursed his habitation.

Job 5:3 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

17 Is a mortal just before Eloah,

Or a man pure before his Maker?

18 Behold, He trusteth not His servants!

And His angels He chargeth with imperfection.

19 How much more those who dwell in houses of clay,

They are crushed as though they were moths.

20 From morning until evening, - so are they broken in pieces:

Unobserved they perish for ever.

21 Is it not so: the cord of their tent in them is torn away,

So they die, and not in wisdom?

The question arises whether מן is comparative: prae Deo, on which Mercier with penetration remarks: justior sit oportet qui immerito affligitur quam qui immerito affligit; or causal: a Deo, h.e., ita ut a Deo justificetur. All modern expositors rightly decide on the latter. Hahn justly maintains that עם and בּעיני are found in a similar connection in other places; and Job 32:2 is perhaps not to be explained in any other way, at least that does not restrict the present passage. By the servants of God, none but the angels, mentioned in the following line of the verse, are intended. שׂים with בּ signifies imputare (1 Samuel 22:15); in Job 24:12 (comp. Job 1:22) we read תּפלה, absurditatem (which Hupf. wishes to restore even here), joined with the verb in this signification. The form תּהלה is certainly not to be taken as stultitia from the verb הלל; the half vowel, and still less the absence of the Dagesh, will not allow this. תּרן (Olsh. 213, c), itself uncertain in its etymology, presents no available analogy. The form points to a Lamedh-He verb, as תּרמה from רמה, so perhaps from הלה, Niph. נהלא, remotus, Micah 4:7 : being distant, being behind the perfect, difference; or even from הלה (Targ. הלא, Pa. הלּי) equals לאה, weakness, want of strength.

(Note: Schnurrer compares the Arabic wahila, which signifies to be relaxed, forgetful, to err, to neglect. Ewald, considering the ת as radical, compares the Arabic dll, to err, and tâl, med. wau, to be dizzy, unconscious; but neither from והל nor from תּהל can the substantival form be sustained.)

Both significations will do, for it is not meant that the good spirits positively sin, as if sin were a natural necessary consequence of their creatureship and finite existence, but that even the holiness of the good spirits is never equal to the absolute holiness of God, and that this deficiency is still greater in spirit-corporeal man, who has earthiness as the basis of his original nature. At the same time, it is presupposed that the distance between God and created earth is disproportionately greater than between God and created spirit, since matter is destined to be exalted to the nature of the spirit, but also brings the spirit into the danger of being degraded to its own level.

Job 5:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Job 27:8 For what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he has gained, when God takes away his soul?

Psalm 37:35,36 I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree...

Psalm 73:3-9,18-20 For I was envious at the foolish, when I saw the prosperity of the wicked...

Psalm 92:7 When the wicked spring as the grass, and when all the workers of iniquity do flourish; it is that they shall be destroyed for ever:

Jeremiah 12:1-3 Righteous are you, O LORD, when I plead with you: yet let me talk with you of your judgments: Why does the way of the wicked prosper...


Deuteronomy 27:15-26 Cursed be the man that makes any graven or molten image, an abomination to the LORD, the work of the hands of the craftsman...

Psalm 69:25 Let their habitation be desolate; and let none dwell in their tents.

Acts 1:20 For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein...

Cross References
Job 24:18
"You say, 'Swift are they on the face of the waters; their portion is cursed in the land; no treader turns toward their vineyards.

Job 31:30
(I have not let my mouth sin by asking for his life with a curse),

Psalm 37:22
for those blessed by the LORD shall inherit the land, but those cursed by him shall be cut off.

Psalm 37:35
I have seen a wicked, ruthless man, spreading himself like a green laurel tree.

Jeremiah 12:2
You plant them, and they take root; they grow and produce fruit; you are near in their mouth and far from their heart.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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