Job 5:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
His children are far from safety; they are crushed in the gate, and there is no one to deliver them.

King James Bible
His children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate, neither is there any to deliver them.

American Standard Version
His children are far from safety, And they are crushed in the gate, Neither is there any to deliver them:

Douay-Rheims Bible
His children shall be far from safety, and shall be destroyed in the gate, and there shall be none to deliver them.

English Revised Version
His children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate, neither is there any to deliver them.

Webster's Bible Translation
His children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate, neither is there any to deliver them.

Job 5:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

אף signifies, like כּי אף, quanto minus, or quanto magis, according as a negative or positive sentence precedes: since Job 4:18 is positive, we translate it here quanto magis, as 2 Samuel 16:11. Men are called dwellers in clay houses: the house of clay is their φθαρτὸν σῶμα, as being taken de limo terrae (Job 33:6; comp. Wis. 9:15); it is a fragile habitation, formed of inferior materials, and destined to destruction. The explanation which follows - those whose יסוד, i.e., foundation of existence, is in dust - shows still more clearly that the poet has Genesis 2:7; Genesis 3:19, in his mind. It crushes them (subject, everything that operates destructively on the life of man) לפני־עשׁ, i.e., not: sooner than the moth is crushed (Hahn), or more rapidly than a moth destroys (Oehler, Fries), or even appointed to the moth for destruction (Schlottm.); but לפני signifies, as Job 3:24 (cf. 1 Samuel 1:16), ad instar: as easily as a moth is crushed. They last only from morning until evening: they are broken in pieces (הכּת, from כּתת, for הוּכת); they are therefore as ephemerae. They perish for ever, without any one taking it to heart (suppl. על־לב, Isaiah 42:25; Isaiah 57:1), or directing the heart towards it, animum advertit (suppl. לב, Job 1:8).

In Job 4:21 the soul is compared to the cord of a tent, which stretches out and holds up the body as a tent, like Ecclesiastes 12:6, with a silver cord, which holds the lamp hanging from the covering of the tent. Olshausen is inclined to read יתדם, their tent-pole, instead of יתרם, and at any rate thinks the accompanying בּם superfluous and awkward. But (1) the comparison used here of the soul, and of the life sustained by it, corresponds to its comparison elsewhere with a thread or weft, of which death is the cutting through or loosing (Job 6:9; Job 27:8; Isaiah 38:12); (12) בּם is neither superfluous nor awkward, since it is intended to say, that their duration of life falls in all at once like a tent when that which in them (בם) corresponds to the cord of a tent (i.e., the נפשׁ) is drawn away from it. The relation of the members of the sentence in Job 4:21 is just the same as in Job 4:2 : Will they not die when it is torn away, etc. They then die off in lack of wisdom, i.e., without having acted in accordance with the perishableness of their nature and their distance from God; therefore, rightly considered: unprepared and suddenly, comp. Job 36:12; Proverbs 5:23. Oehler, correctly: without having been made wiser by the afflictions of God. The utterance of the Spirit, the compass of which is unmistakeably manifest by the strophic division, ends here. Eliphaz now, with reference to it, turns to Job.

Job 5:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

children.

Job 4:10,11 The roaring of the lion, and the voice of the fierce lion, and the teeth of the young lions, are broken...

Job 8:4 If your children have sinned against him, and he have cast them away for their transgression;

Job 18:16-19 His roots shall be dried up beneath, and above shall his branch be cut off...

Job 27:14 If his children be multiplied, it is for the sword: and his offspring shall not be satisfied with bread.

Exodus 20:5 You shall not bow down yourself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD your God am a jealous God...

Psalm 109:9-15 Let his children be fatherless, and his wife a widow...

Psalm 119:155 Salvation is far from the wicked: for they seek not your statutes.

Psalm 127:5 Happy is the man that has his quiver full of them: they shall not be ashamed, but they shall speak with the enemies in the gate.

they are crushed.

Job 1:19 And, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote the four corners of the house, and it fell on the young men...

Luke 13:4,5 Or those eighteen, on whom the tower in Siloam fell, and slew them...

neither.

Job 10:7 You know that I am not wicked; and there is none that can deliver out of your hand.

Psalm 7:2 Lest he tear my soul like a lion, rending it in pieces, while there is none to deliver.

Cross References
Joshua 20:4
He shall flee to one of these cities and shall stand at the entrance of the gate of the city and explain his case to the elders of that city. Then they shall take him into the city and give him a place, and he shall remain with them.

Job 4:11
The strong lion perishes for lack of prey, and the cubs of the lioness are scattered.

Job 20:10
His children will seek the favor of the poor, and his hands will give back his wealth.

Psalm 109:12
Let there be none to extend kindness to him, nor any to pity his fatherless children!

Psalm 119:155
Salvation is far from the wicked, for they do not seek your statutes.

Proverbs 24:7
Wisdom is too high for a fool; in the gate he does not open his mouth.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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