Numbers 19:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The one who burns the heifer shall wash his clothes in water and bathe his body in water and shall be unclean until evening.

King James Bible
And he that burneth her shall wash his clothes in water, and bathe his flesh in water, and shall be unclean until the even.

American Standard Version
And he that burneth her shall wash his clothes in water, and bathe his flesh in water, and shall be unclean until the even.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He also that hath burned her, shall wash his garments, and his body, and shall be unclean until the evening.

English Revised Version
And he that burneth her shall wash his clothes in water, and bathe his flesh in water, and shall be unclean until the even.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he that burneth her shall wash his clothes in water, and bathe his flesh in water, and shall be unclean until the evening.

Numbers 19:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Preparation of the Purifying Water. - As water is the ordinary means by which all kinds of uncleanness are removed, it was also to be employed in the removal of the uncleanness of death. But as this uncleanness was the strongest of all religious defilements, fresh water alone was not sufficient to remove it; and consequently a certain kind of sprinkling-water was appointed, which was strengthened by the ashes of a sin-offering, and thus formed into a holy alkali. The main point in the law which follows, therefore, was the preparation of the ashes, and these had to be obtained by the sacrifice of a red heifer.

(Note: On this sacrifice, which is so rich in symbolical allusions, but the details of which are so difficult to explain, compare the rabbinical statutes in the talmudical tractate Para (Mishnah, v. Surenh. vi. pp. 269ff.); Maimonides de vacca rufa; and Lundius jd. Heiligth. pp. 680ff. Among modern treatises on this subject, are Bhr's Symbolik, ii. pp. 493ff.; Hengstenberg, Egypt and the Books of Moses, pp. 173ff.; Leyrer in Herzog's Cycl.; Kurtz in the Theol. Studien und Kritiken, 1846, pp. 629ff. (also Sacrificial Worship of the Old Testament, pp. 422ff., Eng. transl., Tr.); and my Archologie, i. p. 58.)

Numbers 19:2

The sons of Israel were to bring to Moses a red heifer, entirely without blemish, and to give it to Eleazar the priest, that he might have it slaughtered in his presence outside the camp. פּרה is not a cow generally, but a young cow, a heifer, הב́לבכיע (lxx), juvenca, between the calf and the full-grown cow. אדמּה, of a red colour, is not to be connected with תמימה in the sense of "quite red," as the Rabbins interpret it; but תמימה, integra, is to be taken by itself, and the words which follow, "wherein is no blemish," to be regarded as defining it still more precisely (see Leviticus 22:19-20). The slaying of this heifer is called חטּאת, a sin-offering, in Numbers 19:9 and Numbers 19:17. To remind the congregation that death was the wages of sin, the antidote to the defilement of death was to be taken from a sin-offering. But as the object was not to remove and wipe away sin as such, but simply to cleanse the congregation from the uncleanness which proceeded from death, the curse of sin, it was necessary that the sin-offering should be modified in a peculiar manner to accord with this special design. The sacrificial animal was not to be a bullock, as in the case of the ordinary sin-offerings of the congregation (Leviticus 4:14), but a female, because the female sex is the bearer of life (Genesis 3:20), a פּרה, i.e., lit., the fruit-bringing; and of a red colour, not because the blood-red colour points to sin (as Hengstenberg follows the Rabbins and earlier theologians in supposing), but as the colour of the most "intensive life," which has its seat in the blood, and shows itself in the red colour of the face (the cheeks and lips); and one "upon which no yoke had ever come," i.e., whose vital energy had not yet been crippled by labour under the yoke. Lastly, like all the sacrificial animals, it was to be uninjured, and free from faults, inasmuch as the idea of representation, which lay at the foundation of all the sacrifices, but more especially of the sin-offerings, demanded natural sinlessness and original purity, quite as much as imputed sin and transferred uncleanness. Whilst the last-mentioned prerequisite showed that the victim was well fitted for bearing sin, the other attributes indicated the fulness of life and power in their highest forms, and qualified it to form a powerful antidote to death. As thus appointed to furnish a reagent against death and mortal corruption, the sacrificial animal was to possess throughout, viz., in colour, in sex, and in the character of its body, the fulness of life in its greatest freshness and vigour.

Numbers 19:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

clean

Numbers 19:18 And a clean person shall take hyssop, and dip it in the water, and sprinkle it on the tent, and on all the vessels...

Numbers 9:13 But the man that is clean, and is not in a journey, and declines to keep the passover...

2 Corinthians 5:21 For he has made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;

Hebrews 9:13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies to the purifying of the flesh:

lay them down

Numbers 19:17 And for an unclean person they shall take of the ashes of the burnt heifer of purification for sin...

a water of separation. That is, water prepared by being mixed with the ashes of the heifer, and set apart for the special purpose of being sprinkled on those who had contracted any legal defilement. To the rite the apostle Paul, in his Epistle to the Hebrews,

Numbers 9:13,14 But the man that is clean, and is not in a journey, and declines to keep the passover...

pointedly alludes: `For if,' says he, `the blood of bulls and or goats.' alluding, probably to the sin-offering and the scape-goat.` and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh; how much more shall the blood of Christ, who, through the eternal Sprit, offered himself without spot unto God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God.'

Numbers 19:13,20,21 Whoever touches the dead body of any man that is dead, and purifies not himself, defiles the tabernacle of the LORD...

Numbers 6:12 And he shall consecrate to the LORD the days of his separation, and shall bring a lamb of the first year for a trespass offering...

Numbers 31:23,24 Every thing that may abide the fire, you shall make it go through the fire, and it shall be clean...

Leviticus 15:20 And every thing that she lies on in her separation shall be unclean: every thing also that she sits on shall be unclean.

Zechariah 13:1 In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness.

2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit...

Cross References
Leviticus 16:28
And he who burns them shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may come into the camp.

Numbers 19:7
Then the priest shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may come into the camp. But the priest shall be unclean until evening.

Numbers 19:9
And a man who is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer and deposit them outside the camp in a clean place. And they shall be kept for the water for impurity for the congregation of the people of Israel; it is a sin offering.

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