Proverbs 24:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
These also are sayings of the wise. Partiality in judging is not good.

King James Bible
These things also belong to the wise. It is not good to have respect of persons in judgment.

American Standard Version
These also are'sayings of the wise. To have respect of persons in judgment is not good.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These things also to the wise: It is not good to have respect to persons in judgment.

English Revised Version
These also are sayings of the wise. To have respect of persons in judgment is not good.

Webster's Bible Translation
These things also belong to the wise. It is not good to have respect of persons in judgment.

Proverbs 24:23 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Warning against a vindictive disposition, and joy over its satisfaction.

17 At the fall of thine enemy rejoice not,

     And at his overthrow let not thine heart be glad;

18 That Jahve see it not, and it be displeasing to Him,

     And He turns away His anger from Him.

The Chethı̂b, which in itself, as the plur. of category, אויביך, might be tolerable, has 17b against it: with right, all interpreters adhere to the Kerı̂ אויבך (with i from ē in doubled close syllable, as in the like Kerı̂, 1 Samuel 24:5). וּבבּשׁלו, for וּבהכּשׁלו, is the syncope usual in the inf. Niph. and Hiph., which in Niph. occurs only once with the initial guttural (as בּעטף) or half guttural (לראות). רעו is not adj. here as at 1 Samuel 25:3, but perf. with the force of a fut. (Symmachus: καὶ μὴ ἀρέσῃ ἐνώπιον αὐτοῦ). The proverb extends the duty of love even to an enemy; for it requires that we do good to him and not evil, and warns against rejoicing when evil befalls him. Hitzig, indeed, supposes that the noble morality which is expressed in Proverbs 24:17 is limited to a moderate extent by the motive assigned in 18b. Certainly the poet means to say that God could easily give a gracious turn for the better, as to the punishment of the wicked, to the decree of his anger against his enemy; but his meaning is not this, that one, from joy at the misfortune of others, ought to desist from interrupting the process of the destruction of his enemy, and let it go on to its end; but much rather, that one ought to abstain from this joy, so as not to experience the manifestation of God's displeasure thereat, but His granting grace to him against whom we rejoice to see God's anger go forth.

(Note: This proverb, according to Aboth iv. 24, was the motto of that Samuel with the surname הקטן, who formulated ברכת המינים (the interpolation in the Schemone-Esre prayer directed against the schismatics): he thus distinguished between private enemies and the enemies of the truth.)

Proverbs 24:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Psalm 107:43 Whoever is wise, and will observe these things, even they shall understand the loving kindness of the LORD.

Ecclesiastes 8:1-5 Who is as the wise man? and who knows the interpretation of a thing? a man's wisdom makes his face to shine...

Hosea 14:9 Who is wise, and he shall understand these things? prudent, and he shall know them? for the ways of the LORD are right...

James 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits...


Proverbs 18:5 It is not good to accept the person of the wicked, to overthrow the righteous in judgment.

Proverbs 28:21 To have respect of persons is not good: for for a piece of bread that man will transgress.

Leviticus 19:15 You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: you shall not respect the person of the poor, nor honor the person of the mighty...

Deuteronomy 1:17 You shall not respect persons in judgment; but you shall hear the small as well as the great; you shall not be afraid of the face of man...

Deuteronomy 16:19 You shall not wrest judgment; you shall not respect persons, neither take a gift: for a gift does blind the eyes of the wise...

2 Chronicles 19:7 Why now let the fear of the LORD be on you; take heed and do it: for there is no iniquity with the LORD our God, nor respect of persons...

Psalm 82:2-4 How long will you judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah...

John 7:24 Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment.

1 Timothy 5:20,21 Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear...

James 2:4-6 Are you not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts...

1 Peter 1:17 And if you call on the Father, who without respect of persons judges according to every man's work...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 1:17
You shall not be partial in judgment. You shall hear the small and the great alike. You shall not be intimidated by anyone, for the judgment is God's. And the case that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.'

Deuteronomy 16:19
You shall not pervert justice. You shall not show partiality, and you shall not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and subverts the cause of the righteous.

Job 13:8
Will you show partiality toward him? Will you plead the case for God?

Proverbs 1:6
to understand a proverb and a saying, the words of the wise and their riddles.

Proverbs 18:5
It is not good to be partial to the wicked or to deprive the righteous of justice.

Proverbs 22:17
Incline your ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply your heart to my knowledge,

Proverbs 28:21
To show partiality is not good, but for a piece of bread a man will do wrong.

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