Proverbs 27:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
A stone is heavy, and sand is weighty, but a fool’s provocation is heavier than both.

King James Bible
A stone is heavy, and the sand weighty; but a fool's wrath is heavier than them both.

American Standard Version
A stone is heavy, and the sand weighty; But a fool's vexation is heavier than they both.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A stone is heavy, and sand weighty: but the anger of a fool is heavier than them both.

English Revised Version
A stone is heavy, and the sand weighty; but a fool's vexation is heavier than them both.

Webster's Bible Translation
A stone is heavy, and the sand weighty; but a fool's wrath is heavier than both.

Proverbs 27:3 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Proverbs 26:24 and Proverbs 26:25 form a tetrastich.

24 With his lips the hater dissembleth,

     And in his heart he museth deceit.

25 If he maketh his voice agreeable, believe him not,

     For seven abominations are in his heart.

All the old translators (also the Venet. and Luther) give to יגּכר the meaning, to become known; but the Niph. as well as the Hithpa. (vid., at Proverbs 20:11; Genesis 47:17) unites with this meaning also the meaning to make oneself known: to make oneself unknown, unrecognisable equals (Arab.) tanakkr, e.g., by means of clothing, or by a changed expression of countenance.

(Note: Vid., de Goeje's Fragmenta Hist. Arab. ii.((1871), p. 94. The verb נכר, primarily to fix one's attention, sharply to contemplate anything, whence is derived the meanings of knowing and of not knowing, disowning. The account of the origin of these contrasted meanings, in Gesenius-Dietrich's Lexicon, is essentially correct; but the Arab. nakar there referred to means, not sharpness of mind, from nakar equals הכּיר, but from the negative signification prevailing in the Arab. alone, a property by which one makes himself worthy of being disowned: craftiness, cunning, and then also in bonam partem: sagacity.)

The contrast demands here this latter signification: labiis suis alium se simulat osor, intus in pectore autem reconditum habet dolum (Fleischer). This rendering of ישׁית מרמה is more correct than Hitzig's ("in his breast) he prepares treachery;" for שׁית מרמה is to be rendered after שׁית עצות, Psalm 13:3 (vid., Hupfeld's and also our comm. on this passage), not after Jeremiah 9:7; for one says שׁית מוקשׁים, to place snares, שׁית ארב, to lay an ambush, and the like, but not to place or to lay deceit. If such a dissembler makes his voice agreeable (Piel of חנן only here, for the form Psalm 9:14 is, as it is punctuated, Kal), trust not thyself to him (האמין, with ב: to put firm trust in anything, vid., Genesis, p. 312)

(Note: The fundamental idea of firmness in האמין is always in the subject, not the object. The Arabic interpreters remark that âman with ב expresses recognition, and with ל submission (vid., Lane's Lexicon under âman); but in Hebr. האמין with ב fiducia fidei, with ל assensus fidei; the relation is thus not altogether the same.)

for seven abominations, i.e., a whole host of abominable thoughts and designs, are in his heart; he is, if one may express it, after Matthew 12:45, possessed inwardly of seven devils. The lxx makes a history of 24a: an enemy who, under complaints, makes all possible allowances, but in his heart τεκταίνεται δόλους. The history is only too true, but it has no place in the text.

Proverbs 27:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Proverbs 17:12 Let a bear robbed of her whelps meet a man, rather than a fool in his folly.

Genesis 34:25,26 And it came to pass on the third day, when they were sore, that two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brothers...

Genesis 49:7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.

1 Samuel 22:18,19 And the king said to Doeg, Turn you, and fall on the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell on the priests...

Esther 5:6 And the king said to Esther at the banquet of wine, What is your petition? and it shall be granted you: and what is your request?...

Daniel 3:19 Then was Nebuchadnezzar full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego...

1 John 3:12 Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And why slew he him? Because his own works were evil...

Cross References
Job 5:2
Surely vexation kills the fool, and jealousy slays the simple.

Proverbs 12:16
The vexation of a fool is known at once, but the prudent ignores an insult.

Proverbs 27:2
Let another praise you, and not your own mouth; a stranger, and not your own lips.

Proverbs 27:4
Wrath is cruel, anger is overwhelming, but who can stand before jealousy?

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