Psalm 10:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
he lurks in ambush like a lion in his thicket; he lurks that he may seize the poor; he seizes the poor when he draws him into his net.

King James Bible
He lieth in wait secretly as a lion in his den: he lieth in wait to catch the poor: he doth catch the poor, when he draweth him into his net.

American Standard Version
He lurketh in secret as a lion in his covert; He lieth in wait to catch the poor: He doth catch the poor, when he draweth him in his net.

Douay-Rheims Bible
His eyes are upon the poor man: He lieth in wait in secret like a lion in his den. He lieth in ambush that he may catch the poor man: to catch the poor, whilst he draweth him to him.

English Revised Version
He lurketh in the covert as a lion in his den: he lieth in wait to catch the poor: he doth catch the poor, when he draweth him in his net.

Webster's Bible Translation
He lieth in wait secretly as a lion in his den: he lieth in wait to catch the poor: he doth catch the poor, when he draweth him into his net.

Psalm 10:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The prominent features of the situation are supported by a detailed description. The praett. express those features of their character that have become a matter of actual experience. הלּל, to praise aloud, generally with the accus., is here used with על of the thing which calls forth praise. Far from hiding the shameful desire or passion (Psalm 112:10) of his soul, he makes it an object and ground of high and sounding praise, imagining himself to be above all restraint human or divine. Hupfeld translates wrongly: "and he blesses the plunderer, he blasphemes Jahve." But the רשׁע who persecutes the godly, is himself a בּצע a covetous or rapacious person; for such is the designation (elsewhere with בּצע Proverbs 1:19, or רע בּצע Habakkuk 2:9) not merely of one who "cuts off" (Arab. bḍ‛), i.e., obtains unjust gain, by trading, but also by plunder, πλεονέκτης. The verb בּרך (here in connection with Mugrash, as in Numbers 23:20 with Tiphcha בּרך) never directly signifies maledicere in biblical Hebrew as it does in the alter Talmudic (whence בּרכּת השּׁם blasphemy, B. Sanhedrin 56a, and frequently), but to take leave of any one with a benediction, and then to bid farewell, to dismiss, to decline and abandon generally, Job 1:5, and frequently (cf. the word remercier, abdanken; and the phrase "das Zeitliche segnen" equals to depart this life). The declaration without a conjunction is climactic, like Isaiah 1:4; Amos 4:5; Jeremiah 15:7. נאץ, properly to prick, sting, is sued of utter rejection by word and deed.

(Note: Pasek stands between נאץ and יהוה, because to blaspheme God is a terrible thought and not to be spoken of without hesitancy, cf. the Pasek in Psalm 74:18; Psalm 89:52; Isaiah 37:24 (2 Kings 19:23).)

In Psalm 10:4, "the evil-doer according to his haughtiness" (cf. Proverbs 16:18) is nom. absol., and בּל־ידרשׁ אין אלהים (contrary to the accentuation) is virtually the predicate to כּל־מזמּותיו. This word, which denotes the intrigues of the ungodly, in Psalm 10:2, has in this verse, the general meaning: thoughts (from זמם, Arab. zmm, to join, combine), but not without being easily associated with the secondary idea of that which is subtly devised. The whole texture of his thoughts is, i.e., proceeds from and tends towards the thought, that he (viz., Jahve, whom he does not like to name) will punish with nothing (בּל the strongest form of subjective negation), that in fact there is no God at all. This second follows from the first; for to deny the existence of a living, acting, all-punishing (in one word: a personal) God, is equivalent to denying the existence of any real and true God whatever (Ewald).

Psalm 10:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

He lieth

Psalm 17:12 Like as a lion that is greedy of his prey, and as it were a young lion lurking in secret places.

Psalm 59:3 For, see, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O LORD.

Micah 7:2 The good man is perished out of the earth: and there is none upright among men: they all lie in wait for blood...

Acts 23:21 But do not you yield to them: for there lie in wait for him of them more than forty men, which have bound themselves with an oath...

secretly. Heb. in the secret places

Lamentations 3:10 He was to me as a bear lying in wait, and as a lion in secret places.

Amos 3:4 Will a lion roar in the forest, when he has no prey? will a young lion cry out of his den, if he have taken nothing?

Nahum 2:11,12 Where is the dwelling of the lions, and the feeding place of the young lions, where the lion, even the old lion, walked...

Zechariah 11:3 There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions...

to catch

Jeremiah 5:26 For among my people are found wicked men: they lay wait, as he that sets snares; they set a trap, they catch men.

Ezekiel 19:3-6 And she brought up one of her whelps: it became a young lion, and it learned to catch the prey; it devoured men...

Habakkuk 1:15 They take up all of them with the angle, they catch them in their net, and gather them in their drag...

John 10:12 But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, sees the wolf coming, and leaves the sheep, and flees...

poor, when

Psalm 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, said the LORD...

Psalm 35:10 All my bones shall say, LORD, who is like to you, which deliver the poor from him that is too strong for him, yes...

Psalm 37:14 The wicked have drawn out the sword, and have bent their bow, to cast down the poor and needy...

Psalm 109:31 For he shall stand at the right hand of the poor, to save him from those that condemn his soul.

Job 5:15,16 But he saves the poor from the sword, from their mouth, and from the hand of the mighty...

Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker: but he that honors him has mercy on the poor.

Proverbs 22:16 He that oppresses the poor to increase his riches, and he that gives to the rich, shall surely come to want.

Proverbs 28:15 As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; so is a wicked ruler over the poor people.

Isaiah 3:15 What mean you that you beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces of the poor? said the Lord GOD of hosts.

Isaiah 32:7 The instruments also of the churl are evil: he devises wicked devices to destroy the poor with lying words...

Ezekiel 22:29 The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yes...

Amos 2:6,7 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof...

Amos 5:11,12 For as much therefore as your treading is on the poor, and you take from him burdens of wheat: you have built houses of hewn stone...

Habakkuk 3:14 You did strike through with his staves the head of his villages: they came out as a whirlwind to scatter me...

Cross References
Matthew 13:19
When anyone hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart. This is what was sown along the path.

Psalm 10:2
In arrogance the wicked hotly pursue the poor; let them be caught in the schemes that they have devised.

Psalm 10:10
The helpless are crushed, sink down, and fall by his might.

Psalm 17:12
He is like a lion eager to tear, as a young lion lurking in ambush.

Psalm 22:13
they open wide their mouths at me, like a ravening and roaring lion.

Psalm 57:6
They set a net for my steps; my soul was bowed down. They dug a pit in my way, but they have fallen into it themselves. Selah

Psalm 59:3
For behold, they lie in wait for my life; fierce men stir up strife against me. For no transgression or sin of mine, O LORD,

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