Psalm 10:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The helpless are crushed, sink down, and fall by his might.

King James Bible
He croucheth, and humbleth himself, that the poor may fall by his strong ones.

American Standard Version
He croucheth, he boweth down, And the helpless fall by his strong ones.

Douay-Rheims Bible
In his net he will bring him down, he will crouch and fall, when he shall have power over the poor.

English Revised Version
He croucheth, he boweth down, and the helpless fall by his strong ones.

Webster's Bible Translation
He croucheth, and humbleth himself, that the poor may fall by his strong ones.

Psalm 10:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The prominent features of the situation are supported by a detailed description. The praett. express those features of their character that have become a matter of actual experience. הלּל, to praise aloud, generally with the accus., is here used with על of the thing which calls forth praise. Far from hiding the shameful desire or passion (Psalm 112:10) of his soul, he makes it an object and ground of high and sounding praise, imagining himself to be above all restraint human or divine. Hupfeld translates wrongly: "and he blesses the plunderer, he blasphemes Jahve." But the רשׁע who persecutes the godly, is himself a בּצע a covetous or rapacious person; for such is the designation (elsewhere with בּצע Proverbs 1:19, or רע בּצע Habakkuk 2:9) not merely of one who "cuts off" (Arab. bḍ‛), i.e., obtains unjust gain, by trading, but also by plunder, πλεονέκτης. The verb בּרך (here in connection with Mugrash, as in Numbers 23:20 with Tiphcha בּרך) never directly signifies maledicere in biblical Hebrew as it does in the alter Talmudic (whence בּרכּת השּׁם blasphemy, B. Sanhedrin 56a, and frequently), but to take leave of any one with a benediction, and then to bid farewell, to dismiss, to decline and abandon generally, Job 1:5, and frequently (cf. the word remercier, abdanken; and the phrase "das Zeitliche segnen" equals to depart this life). The declaration without a conjunction is climactic, like Isaiah 1:4; Amos 4:5; Jeremiah 15:7. נאץ, properly to prick, sting, is sued of utter rejection by word and deed.

(Note: Pasek stands between נאץ and יהוה, because to blaspheme God is a terrible thought and not to be spoken of without hesitancy, cf. the Pasek in Psalm 74:18; Psalm 89:52; Isaiah 37:24 (2 Kings 19:23).)

In Psalm 10:4, "the evil-doer according to his haughtiness" (cf. Proverbs 16:18) is nom. absol., and בּל־ידרשׁ אין אלהים (contrary to the accentuation) is virtually the predicate to כּל־מזמּותיו. This word, which denotes the intrigues of the ungodly, in Psalm 10:2, has in this verse, the general meaning: thoughts (from זמם, Arab. zmm, to join, combine), but not without being easily associated with the secondary idea of that which is subtly devised. The whole texture of his thoughts is, i.e., proceeds from and tends towards the thought, that he (viz., Jahve, whom he does not like to name) will punish with nothing (בּל the strongest form of subjective negation), that in fact there is no God at all. This second follows from the first; for to deny the existence of a living, acting, all-punishing (in one word: a personal) God, is equivalent to denying the existence of any real and true God whatever (Ewald).

Psalm 10:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

croucheth. Heb. breaketh himself

1 Samuel 2:36 And it shall come to pass...

humbleth

1 Samuel 18:21-26 And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him...

1 Samuel 23:21,22 And Saul said, Blessed be you of the LORD; for you have compassion on me...

2 Samuel 15:5 And it was so, that when any man came near to him to do him obeisance, he put forth his hand, and took him, and kissed him.

by his strong ones. Heb. into his strong parts

Cross References
Psalm 10:8
He sits in ambush in the villages; in hiding places he murders the innocent. His eyes stealthily watch for the helpless;

Psalm 10:9
he lurks in ambush like a lion in his thicket; he lurks that he may seize the poor; he seizes the poor when he draws him into his net.

Psalm 10:11
He says in his heart, "God has forgotten, he has hidden his face, he will never see it."

Proverbs 24:15
Lie not in wait as a wicked man against the dwelling of the righteous; do no violence to his home;

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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