Psalm 119:130
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The unfolding of your words gives light; it imparts understanding to the simple.

King James Bible
The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.

American Standard Version
The opening of thy words giveth light; It giveth understanding unto the simple.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The declaration of thy words giveth light: and giveth understanding to little ones.

English Revised Version
The opening of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.

Webster's Bible Translation
The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding to the simple.

Psalm 119:130 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The eightfold Ajin. In the present time of apostasy and persecution he keeps all the more strictly to the direction of the divine word, and commends himself to the protection and teaching of God. In the consciousness of his godly behaviour (elsewhere always צדק וּמשׁפּט, here in one instance משׁפט וצדק) the poet hopes that God will surely not (בּל) leave him to the arbitrary disposal of his oppressors. This hope does not, however, raise him above the necessity and duty of constant prayer that Jahve would place Himself between him and his enemies. ערב seq. acc. signifies to stand in any one's place as furnishing a guarantee, and in general as a mediator, Job 17:3; Isaiah 38:14; לטוב similar to לטובה, Psalm 86:17, Nehemiah 5:19 : in my behalf, for my real advantage. The expression of longing after redemption in Psalm 119:123 sounds like Psalm 119:81. "The word of Thy righteousness" is the promise which proceeds from God's "righteousness," and as surely as He is "righteous" cannot remain unfulfilled. The one chief petition of the poet, however, to which he comes back in Psalm 119:124., has reference to the ever deeper knowledge of the word of God; for this knowledge is in itself at once life and blessedness, and the present calls most urgently for it. For the great multitude (which is the subject to הפרוּ) practically and fundamentally break God's law; it is therefore time to act for Jahve (עשׂה ל as in Genesis 30:30, Isaiah 64:4, Ezekiel 29:20), and just in order to this there is need of well-grounded, reliable knowledge. Therefore the poet attaches himself with all his love to God's commandments; to him they are above gold and fine gold (Psalm 19:11), which he might perhaps gain by a disavowal of them. Therefore he is as strict as he possibly can be with God's word, inasmuch as he acknowledges and observes all precepts of all things (כּל־פּקּוּדי כל), i.e., all divine precepts, let them have reference to whatsoever they will, as ישׁרים, right (ישּׁר, to declare both in avowal and deed to be right); and every false (lying) tendency, all pseudo-Judaism, he hates. It is true Psalm 119:126 may be also explained: it is time that Jahve should act, i.e., interpose judicially; but this thought is foreign to the context, and affords no equally close union for על־כן; moreover it ought then to have been accented עת לעשׂות ליהוה. On כּל־פּקּוּדי כל, "all commands of every purport," cf. Isaiah 29:11, and more as to form, Numbers 8:16; Ezekiel 44:30.

The expression is purposely thus heightened; and the correction כל־פקודיך (Ewald, Olshausen, and Hupfeld) is also superfluous, because the reference of what is said to the God of revelation is self-evident in this connection.

Psalm 119:130 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

entrance. Or, opening; the Scriptures give satisfactory light to the mind upon every subject of which they treat; and speedily communicate more useful knowledge to the simplest believer, upon the most important topics, than the acutest philosophers have been able to develop through successive ages.

Psalm 119:105 Your word is a lamp to my feet, and a light to my path.

Proverbs 6:23 For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:

Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.

Luke 1:77-79 To give knowledge of salvation to his people by the remission of their sins...

Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God...

2 Corinthians 4:4,6 In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ...

Ephesians 5:13,14 But all things that are reproved are made manifest by the light: for whatever does make manifest is light...

2 Peter 1:19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto you do well that you take heed, as to a light that shines in a dark place...

it giveth

Psalm 19:7 The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple.

Proverbs 1:4,22,23 To give subtlety to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion...

Proverbs 9:4-6 Whoever is simple, let him turn in here: as for him that wants understanding, she said to him...

Romans 16:18,19 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly...

2 Timothy 3:15-17 And that from a child you have known the holy scriptures...

Cross References
Psalm 19:7
The law of the LORD is perfect, reviving the soul; the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple;

Psalm 49:3
My mouth shall speak wisdom; the meditation of my heart shall be understanding.

Psalm 119:98
Your commandment makes me wiser than my enemies, for it is ever with me.

Psalm 119:104
Through your precepts I get understanding; therefore I hate every false way.

Proverbs 6:23
For the commandment is a lamp and the teaching a light, and the reproofs of discipline are the way of life,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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