Psalm 40:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He drew me up from the pit of destruction, out of the miry bog, and set my feet upon a rock, making my steps secure.

King James Bible
He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

American Standard Version
He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay; And he set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he heard my prayers, and brought me out of the pit of misery and the mire of dregs. And he set my feet upon a rock, and directed my steps.

English Revised Version
He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay; and he set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

Webster's Bible Translation
He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

Psalm 40:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 39:8-12) It is customary to begin a distinct turning-point of a discourse with ועתּה: and now, i.e., in connection with this nothingness of vanity of a life which is so full of suffering and unrest, what am I to hope, quid sperem (concerning the perfect, vid., on Psalm 11:3)? The answer to this question which he himself throws out is, that Jahve is the goal of his waiting or hoping. It might appear strange that the poet is willing to make the brevity of human life a reason for being calm, and a ground of comfort. But here we have the explanation. Although not expressly assured of a future life of blessedness, his faith, even in the midst of death, lays hold on Jahve as the Living One and as the God of the living. It is just this which is so heroic in the Old Testament faith, that in the midst of the riddles of the present, and in the face of the future which is lost in dismal night, it casts itself unreservedly into the arms of God. While, however, sin is the root of all evil, the poet prays in Psalm 39:9 before all else, that God would remove from him all the transgressions by which he has fully incurred his affliction; and while, given over to the consequences of his sin, he would become, not only to his own dishonour but also to the dishonour of God, a derision to the unbelieving, he prays in Psalm 39:9 that God would not permit it to come to this. כּל, Psalm 39:9, has Mercha, and is consequently, as in Psalm 35:10, to be read with (not ŏ), since an accent can never be placed by Kametz chatûph. Concerning נבל, Psalm 39:9, see on Psalm 14:1. As to the rest he is silent and calm; for God is the author, viz., of his affliction (עשׂה, used just as absolutely as in Psalm 22:32; Psalm 37:5; Psalm 52:11, Lamentations 1:21). Without ceasing still to regard intently the prosperity of the ungodly, he recognises the hand of God in his affliction, and knows that he has not merited anything better. But it is permitted to him to pray that God would suffer mercy to take the place of right. נגעך is the name he gives to his affliction, as in Psalm 38:12, as being a stroke (blow) of divine wrath; תּגרת ידך, as a quarrel into which God's hand has fallen with him; and by אני, with the almighty (punishing) hand of God, he contrasts himself the feeble one, to whom, if the present state of things continues, ruin is certain. In Psalm 39:12 he puts his own personal experience into the form of a general maxim: when with rebukes (תּוכחות from תּוכחת, collateral form with תּוכחה, תּוכחות) Thou chastenest a man on account of iniquity (perf. conditionale), Thou makest his pleasantness (Isaiah 53:3), i.e., his bodily beauty (Job 33:21), to melt away, moulder away (ותּמס, fut. apoc. from המסה to cause to melt, Psalm 6:7), like the moth (Hosea 5:12), so that it falls away, as a moth-eaten garment falls into rags. Thus do all men become mere nothing. They are sinful and perishing. The thought expressed in Psalm 39:6 is here repeated as a refrain. The music again strikes in here, as there.

Psalm 40:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

brought

Psalm 18:16,17 He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of many waters...

Psalm 71:20 You, which have showed me great and sore troubles, shall quicken me again, and shall bring me up again from the depths of the earth.

Psalm 86:13 For great is your mercy toward me: and you have delivered my soul from the lowest hell.

Psalm 116:3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell got hold on me: I found trouble and sorrow.

Psalm 142:6,7 Attend to my cry; for I am brought very low: deliver me from my persecutors; for they are stronger than I...

Psalm 143:3 For the enemy has persecuted my soul; he has smitten my life down to the ground; he has made me to dwell in darkness...

Isaiah 24:22 And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison...

Jonah 2:5,6 The waters compassed me about, even to the soul: the depth closed me round about, the weeds were wrapped about my head...

Zechariah 9:11 As for you also, by the blood of your covenant I have sent forth your prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water.

Acts 2:24,27-31 Whom God has raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be held of it...

horrible pit [heb.] pit of noise

Matthew 13:50 And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.

the miry

Psalm 69:2,14,15 I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing: I am come into deep waters, where the floods overflow me...

Jeremiah 38:6-12 Then took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malchiah the son of Hammelech, that was in the court of the prison...

Lamentations 3:53-55 They have cut off my life in the dungeon, and cast a stone on me...

set

Psalm 27:5 For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me...

Psalm 61:2 From the end of the earth will I cry to you, when my heart is overwhelmed: lead me to the rock that is higher than I.

Matthew 7:24,25 Therefore whoever hears these sayings of mine, and does them, I will liken him to a wise man, which built his house on a rock...

established

Psalm 17:5 Hold up my goings in your paths, that my footsteps slip not.

Psalm 18:36 You have enlarged my steps under me, that my feet did not slip.

Psalm 37:23 The steps of a good man are ordered by the LORD: and he delights in his way.

Psalm 119:133 Order my steps in your word: and let not any iniquity have dominion over me.

Cross References
Psalm 7:9
Oh, let the evil of the wicked come to an end, and may you establish the righteous-- you who test the minds and hearts, O righteous God!

Psalm 18:29
For by you I can run against a troop, and by my God I can leap over a wall.

Psalm 26:12
My foot stands on level ground; in the great assembly I will bless the LORD.

Psalm 27:5
For he will hide me in his shelter in the day of trouble; he will conceal me under the cover of his tent; he will lift me high upon a rock.

Psalm 37:23
The steps of a man are established by the LORD, when he delights in his way;

Psalm 69:2
I sink in deep mire, where there is no foothold; I have come into deep waters, and the flood sweeps over me.

Psalm 69:14
Deliver me from sinking in the mire; let me be delivered from my enemies and from the deep waters.

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