Psalm 40:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I have told the glad news of deliverance in the great congregation; behold, I have not restrained my lips, as you know, O LORD.

King James Bible
I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: lo, I have not refrained my lips, O LORD, thou knowest.

American Standard Version
I have proclaimed glad tidings of righteousness in the great assembly; Lo, I will not refrain my lips, O Jehovah, thou knowest.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I have declared thy justice in a great church, lo, I will not restrain my lips : O Lord, thou knowest it.

English Revised Version
I have published righteousness in the great congregation; lo, I will not refrain my lips, O LORD, thou knowest.

Webster's Bible Translation
I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: lo, I have not refrained my lips, O LORD, thou knowest.

Psalm 40:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

David, who, though not without some hesitation, we regard as the author, now finds himself in a situation in which, on the one hand, he has just been rescued from danger, and, on the other, is still exposed to peril. Under such circumstances praise rightly occupies the first place, as in general, according to Psalm 50:23, gratitude is the way to salvation. His hope, although תּוחלת ממשּׁכה (Proverbs 13:12), has not deceived him; he is rescued, and can now again sing a new song of thanksgiving, an example for others, strengthening their trust. קוּה קוּיתי, I waited with constancy and perseverance. יהוה is the accusative as in Psalm 25:5; Psalm 130:5, and not the vocative as in Psalm 39:8. אזנו is to be supplied in thought to ויּט, although after the analogy of Psalm 17:6; Psalm 31:3, one might have looked for the Hiph. wayaT instead of the Kal. בור שׁאון does not mean a pit of roaring (of water), since שׁאון standing alone (see, on the other hand, Psalm 65:8, Isaiah 17:12.) has not this meaning; and, moreover, "rushing, roaring" (Hengstenberg), tumultuous waters of a pit or a cistern does not furnish any idea that is true to nature; neither does it mean a pit of falling in, since שׁאה does not exhibit the signification deorsum labi; but the meaning is: a pit of devastation, of destruction, of ruin (Jeremiah 25:31; Jeremiah 46:17), vid., supra on Psalm 35:8. Another figure is "mire of the marsh" (יון found only here and in Psalm 69:3), i.e., water, in the miry bottom of which one can find no firm footing - a combination like מטר־גּשׁם, Zechariah 10:1, אדמת־עפר, Daniel 12:2, explained in the Mishna, Mikvaoth ix. 2, by טיט הבורות (mire of the cisterns). Taking them out of this, Jahve placed his feet upon a rock, established his footsteps, i.e., removed him from the danger which surrounded him, and gave him firm ground under his feet. The high rock and the firm footsteps are the opposites of the deep pit and the yielding miry bottom. This deliverance afforded him new matter for thanksgiving (cf. Psalm 33:3), and became in his mouth "praise to our God;" for the deliverance of the chosen king is an act of the God of Israel on behalf of His chosen people. The futures in Psalm 40:4 (with an alliteration similar to Psalm 52:8) indicate, by their being thus cumulative, that they are intended of the present and of that which still continues in the future.

Psalm 40:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

preached

Psalm 22:22,25 I will declare your name to my brothers: in the middle of the congregation will I praise you...

Psalm 35:18 I will give you thanks in the great congregation: I will praise you among much people.

Psalm 71:15-18 My mouth shall show forth your righteousness and your salvation all the day; for I know not the numbers thereof...

Mark 16:15,16 And he said to them, Go you into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature...

Luke 4:16-22 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day...

Hebrews 2:12 Saying, I will declare your name to my brothers, in the middle of the church will I sing praise to you.

not

Psalm 119:13,171,172 With my lips have I declared all the judgments of your mouth...

thou knowest

Psalm 139:2 You know my sitting down and my rising up, you understand my thought afar off.

John 21:17 He said to him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, love you me? Peter was grieved because he said to him the third time, Love you me?...

Cross References
Joshua 22:22
"The Mighty One, God, the LORD! The Mighty One, God, the LORD! He knows; and let Israel itself know! If it was in rebellion or in breach of faith against the LORD, do not spare us today

Job 7:11
"Therefore I will not restrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.

Psalm 22:22
I will tell of your name to my brothers; in the midst of the congregation I will praise you:

Psalm 22:25
From you comes my praise in the great congregation; my vows I will perform before those who fear him.

Psalm 22:31
they shall come and proclaim his righteousness to a people yet unborn, that he has done it.

Psalm 119:13
With my lips I declare all the rules of your mouth.

Psalm 139:4
Even before a word is on my tongue, behold, O LORD, you know it altogether.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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