Psalm 40:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
I proclaim your saving acts in the great assembly; I do not seal my lips, LORD, as you know.

King James Bible
I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: lo, I have not refrained my lips, O LORD, thou knowest.

Darby Bible Translation
I have published righteousness in the great congregation: behold, I have not withheld my lips, Jehovah, *thou* knowest.

World English Bible
I have proclaimed glad news of righteousness in the great assembly. Behold, I will not seal my lips, Yahweh, you know.

Young's Literal Translation
I have proclaimed tidings of righteousness In the great assembly, lo, my lips I restrain not, O Jehovah, Thou hast known.

Psalm 40:9 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

I have preached righteousness - I think it best to refer these words to Christ and his apostles. In consequence of his having become a sacrifice for sin, the Jewish sacrificial system being ended, the middle wall of partition was broken down, and the door of faith, the doctrine of justification by faith, opened to the Gentiles. Hence the Gospel was preached in all the world, and the mercy of God made known to the Gentiles; and thus righteousness - justification by faith, was preached in the great congregation - to Jews and Gentiles, throughout the Roman empire.

The great congregation, both in this and the following verse, I think, means the Gentiles, contradistinguished from the Jews.

The word righteousness means the plan or method of salvation by Jesus Christ - God's method of justifying sinners by faith, without the deeds of the law. See Romans 3:25-26 (note), and the notes there.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

preached

Psalm 22:22,25 I will declare your name to my brothers: in the middle of the congregation will I praise you...

Psalm 35:18 I will give you thanks in the great congregation: I will praise you among much people.

Psalm 71:15-18 My mouth shall show forth your righteousness and your salvation all the day; for I know not the numbers thereof...

Mark 16:15,16 And he said to them, Go you into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature...

Luke 4:16-22 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day...

Hebrews 2:12 Saying, I will declare your name to my brothers, in the middle of the church will I sing praise to you.

not

Psalm 119:13,171,172 With my lips have I declared all the judgments of your mouth...

thou knowest

Psalm 139:2 You know my sitting down and my rising up, you understand my thought afar off.

John 21:17 He said to him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, love you me? Peter was grieved because he said to him the third time, Love you me?...

Library
Two Innumerable Series
'Many, O Lord my God, are Thy wonderful works which Thou hast done, and Thy thoughts which are to us-ward: they cannot be reckoned up in order unto Thee: if I would declare and speak of them, they are more than can be numbered ... 12. Innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head; therefore my heart faileth me.'--PSALMS xl. 5, 12. So then, there are two series of things which cannot be
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Brought up from the Horrible Pit
I shall ask you, then, at this time, to observe our divine Lord when in His greatest trouble. Notice, first, our Lord's behavior--"I waited patiently for the Lord; and he inclined unto me, and heard my cry": then consider, secondly, our Lord deliverance, expressed by the phrase, "He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay," and so forth: then let us think, thirdly of the Lord's reward for it--"many shall see, and fear, and trust in the Lord":--that is His great end and object,
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 28: 1882

The History of the Psalter
[Sidenote: Nature of the Psalter] Corresponding to the book of Proverbs, itself a select library containing Israel's best gnomic literature, is the Psalter, the compendium of the nation's lyrical songs and hymns and prayers. It is the record of the soul experiences of the race. Its language is that of the heart, and its thoughts of common interest to worshipful humanity. It reflects almost every phase of religious feeling: penitence, doubt, remorse, confession, fear, faith, hope, adoration, and
Charles Foster Kent—The Origin & Permanent Value of the Old Testament

Life Hid and not Hid
'Thy word have I hid in my heart.'--PSALM cxix. 11. 'I have not hid Thy righteousness in my heart.'--PSALM xl. 10. Then there are two kinds of hiding--one right and one wrong: one essential to the life of the Christian, one inconsistent with it. He is a shallow Christian who has no secret depths in his religion. He is a cowardly or a lazy one, at all events an unworthy one, who does not exhibit, to the utmost of his power, his religion. It is bad to have all the goods in the shop window; it is just
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
Joshua 22:22
"The Mighty One, God, the LORD! The Mighty One, God, the LORD! He knows! And let Israel know! If this has been in rebellion or disobedience to the LORD, do not spare us this day.

Job 7:11
"Therefore I will not keep silent; I will speak out in the anguish of my spirit, I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.

Psalm 22:22
I will declare your name to my people; in the assembly I will praise you.

Psalm 22:25
From you comes the theme of my praise in the great assembly; before those who fear you I will fulfill my vows.

Psalm 22:31
They will proclaim his righteousness, declaring to a people yet unborn: He has done it!

Psalm 119:13
With my lips I recount all the laws that come from your mouth.

Psalm 139:4
Before a word is on my tongue you, LORD, know it completely.

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