Psalm 80:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
O LORD God of hosts, how long will you be angry with your people’s prayers?

King James Bible
O LORD God of hosts, how long wilt thou be angry against the prayer of thy people?

American Standard Version
O Jehovah God of hosts, How long wilt thou be angry against the prayer of thy people?

Douay-Rheims Bible
O Lord God of hosts, how long wilt thou be angry against the prayer of thy servant?

English Revised Version
O LORD God of hosts, how long wilt thou be angry against the prayer of thy people?

Webster's Bible Translation
O LORD God of hosts, how long wilt thou be angry against the prayer of thy people?

Psalm 80:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The victory of the world is indeed not God's aim; therefore His own honour does not suffer that the world of which He has made use in order to chasten His people should for ever haughtily triumph. שׁמך is repeated with emphasis at the end of the petition in Psalm 79:9, according to the figure epanaphora. על־דּבר equals למען, as in Psalm 45:5, cf. Psalm 7:1, is a usage even of the language of the Pentateuch. Also the motive, "wherefore shall they say?" occurs even in the Tפra (Exodus 32:12, cf. Numbers 14:13-17; Deuteronomy 9:28). Here (cf. Psalm 115:2) it originates out of Joel 2:17. The wish expressed in Psalm 79:10 is based upon Deuteronomy 32:43. The poet wishes in company with his contemporaries, as eye-witnesses, to experience what God has promised in the early times, viz., that He will avenge the blood of His servants. The petition in Deuteronomy 32:11 runs like Psalm 102:21, cf. Psalm 18:7. אסיר individualizingly is those who are carried away captive and incarcerated; בּני תמוּתה are those who, if God does not preserve them by virtue of the greatness (גדל, cf. גּדל Exodus 15:16) of His arm, i.e., of His far-reaching omnipotence, succumb to the power of death as to a patria potestas.

(Note: The Arabic has just this notion in an active application, viz., benı̂ el-môt equals the heroes (destroyers) in the battle.)

That the petition in Psalm 79:12 recurs to the neighbouring peoples is explained by the fact, that these, who might most readily come to the knowledge of the God of Israel as the one living and true God, have the greatest degree of guilt on account of their reviling of God. The bosom is mentioned as that in which one takes up and holds that which is handed to him (Luke 6:38); חיק- (על) אל (שׁלּם) השׁיב, as in Isaiah 65:7, Isaiah 65:6; Jeremiah 32:18. A sevenfold requital (cf. Genesis 4:15, Genesis 4:24) is a requital that is fully carried out as a criminal sentence, for seven is the number of a completed process.

Psalm 80:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

how long

Psalm 85:5 Will you be angry with us for ever? will you draw out your anger to all generations?

Isaiah 58:2,3,6-9 Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways, as a nation that did righteousness, and forsook not the ordinance of their God...

Lamentations 3:44 You have covered yourself with a cloud, that our prayer should not pass through.

Matthew 15:22-28 And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried to him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord...

Luke 18:1-8 And he spoke a parable to them to this end, that men ought always to pray, and not to faint...

be angry. Heb. smoke

Psalm 74:1 O God, why have you cast us off for ever? why does your anger smoke against the sheep of your pasture?

Deuteronomy 29:20 The LORD will not spare him, but then the anger of the LORD and his jealousy shall smoke against that man...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 29:20
The LORD will not be willing to forgive him, but rather the anger of the LORD and his jealousy will smoke against that man, and the curses written in this book will settle upon him, and the LORD will blot out his name from under heaven.

Psalm 59:5
You, LORD God of hosts, are God of Israel. Rouse yourself to punish all the nations; spare none of those who treacherously plot evil. Selah

Psalm 74:9
We do not see our signs; there is no longer any prophet, and there is none among us who knows how long.

Psalm 79:5
How long, O LORD? Will you be angry forever? Will your jealousy burn like fire?

Psalm 84:8
O LORD God of hosts, hear my prayer; give ear, O God of Jacob! Selah

Psalm 85:5
Will you be angry with us forever? Will you prolong your anger to all generations?

Psalm 89:46
How long, O LORD? Will you hide yourself forever? How long will your wrath burn like fire?

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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