Psalm 80:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You brought a vine out of Egypt; you drove out the nations and planted it.

King James Bible
Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt: thou hast cast out the heathen, and planted it.

American Standard Version
Thou broughtest a vine out of Egypt: Thou didst drive out the nations, and plantedst it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou hast brought a vineyard out of Egypt: thou hast cast cut the Gentiles and planted it.

English Revised Version
Thou broughtest a vine out of Egypt: thou didst drive out the nations, and plantedst it.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt: thou hast cast out the heathen, and planted it.

Psalm 80:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The first strophe contains nothing but petition. First of all the nation is called Israel as springing from Jacob; then, as in Psalm 81:6, Joseph, which, where it is distinct from Jacob or Judah, is the name of the kingdom of the ten tribes (vid., Caspari on Obadiah 1:18), or at least of the northern tribes (Psalm 77:16; Psalm 78:67.). Psalm 80:3 shows that it is also these that are pre-eminently intended here. The fact that in the blessing of Joseph, Jacob calls God a Shepherd (רעה), Genesis 48:15; Genesis 49:24, perhaps has somewhat to do with the choice of the first two names. In the third, the sitting enthroned in the sanctuary here below and in the heaven above blend together; for the Old Testament is conscious of a mutual relationship between the earthly and the heavenly temple (היכל) until the one merges entirely in the other. The cher׫bim, which God enthrones, i.e., upon which He sits enthroned, are the bearers of the chariot (מרכבה) of the Ruler of the world (vid., Psalm 18:11). With הופיעה (from יפע, Arab. yf‛, eminere, emicare, as in the Asaph Psalm 50:2) the poet prays that He would appear in His splendour of light, i.e., in His fiery bright, judging, and rescuing doxa, whether as directly visible, or even as only recognisable by its operation. Both the comparison, "after the manner of a flock" and the verb נהג are Asaphic, Psalm 78:52, cf. Psalm 26:1-12. Just so also the names given to the nation. The designation of Israel after the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh attaches itself to the name Joseph; and the two take the brother after the flesh into their midst, of whom the beloved Rachel was the mother as well as of Joseph, the father of Ephraim and Manasseh. In Numbers 2 also, these three are not separated, but have their camp on the west side of the Tabernacle. May God again put into activity - which is the meaning of עורר (excitare) in distinction from חעיר (expergefacere) - His גבורה, the need for the energetic intervention of which now makes itself felt, before these three tribes, i.e., by becoming their victorious leader. לכה is a summoning imperative.

(Note: Not a pronoun: to Thee it belongs to be for salvation for us, as the Talmud, Midrash, and Masora (vid., Norzi) take it; wherefore in J. Succa 54c it is straightway written לך. Such a לכה equals לך is called in the language of the Masora, and even in the Midrash (Exod. Rabba, fol. 121), לכה ודאית (vid., Buxtorf, Tiberias, p. 245).)

Concerning ישׁעתה vid., on Psalm 3:3; the construction with Lamed says as little against the accusative adverbial rendering of the ah set forth there as does the Beth of בּחרשׁה (in the wood) in 1 Samuel 23:15, vid., Bttcher's Neue Aehrenlese, Nos. 221, 384, 449. It is not a bringing back out of the Exile that is prayed for by השׁתבנוּ, for, according to the whole impression conveyed by the Psalm, the people are still on the soil of their fatherland; but in their present feebleness they are no longer like themselves, they stand in need of divine intervention in order again to attain a condition that is in harmony with the promises, in order to become themselves again. May God then cause His long hidden countenance to brighten and shine upon them, then shall they be helped as they desire (ונוּשׁעה).

Psalm 80:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a vine

Isaiah 5:1-7 Now will I sing to my well beloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My well beloved has a vineyard in a very fruitful hill...

Isaiah 27:2,3 In that day sing you to her, A vineyard of red wine...

Jeremiah 2:21 Yet I had planted you a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then are you turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine to me?

Ezekiel 15:6 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD; As the vine tree among the trees of the forest, which I have given to the fire for fuel...

Ezekiel 17:6 And it grew, and became a spreading vine of low stature, whose branches turned toward him, and the roots thereof were under him...

Ezekiel 19:10 Your mother is like a vine in your blood, planted by the waters: she was fruitful and full of branches by reason of many waters.

Matthew 21:33-41 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and dig a wine press in it...

John 15:1-8 I am the true vine, and my Father is the farmer...

thou hast cast

Psalm 44:2 How you did drive out the heathen with your hand, and planted them; how you did afflict the people, and cast them out.

Psalm 78:55 He cast out the heathen also before them, and divided them an inheritance by line...

Jeremiah 18:9,10 And at what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to build and to plant it...

This most elegant allegory, which is everywhere well supported, is frequently employed by sacred writers: see the Parallel Passages.

Cross References
John 15:1
"I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser.

Acts 7:45
Our fathers in turn brought it in with Joshua when they dispossessed the nations that God drove out before our fathers. So it was until the days of David,

Exodus 15:17
You will bring them in and plant them on your own mountain, the place, O LORD, which you have made for your abode, the sanctuary, O Lord, which your hands have established.

Joshua 13:6
all the inhabitants of the hill country from Lebanon to Misrephoth-maim, even all the Sidonians. I myself will drive them out from before the people of Israel. Only allot the land to Israel for an inheritance, as I have commanded you.

2 Chronicles 20:7
Did you not, our God, drive out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel, and give it forever to the descendants of Abraham your friend?

Psalm 44:2
you with your own hand drove out the nations, but them you planted; you afflicted the peoples, but them you set free;

Psalm 80:15
the stock that your right hand planted, and for the son whom you made strong for yourself.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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