Psalm 80:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You cleared the ground for it; it took deep root and filled the land.

King James Bible
Thou preparedst room before it, and didst cause it to take deep root, and it filled the land.

American Standard Version
Thou preparedst room before it, And it took deep root, and filled the land.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou wast the guide of its journey in its sight: thou plantedst the roots thereof, and it filled the land.

English Revised Version
Thou preparedst room before it, and it took deep root, and filled the land.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou preparedst room before it, and didst cause it to take deep root, and it filled the land.

Psalm 80:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The first strophe contains nothing but petition. First of all the nation is called Israel as springing from Jacob; then, as in Psalm 81:6, Joseph, which, where it is distinct from Jacob or Judah, is the name of the kingdom of the ten tribes (vid., Caspari on Obadiah 1:18), or at least of the northern tribes (Psalm 77:16; Psalm 78:67.). Psalm 80:3 shows that it is also these that are pre-eminently intended here. The fact that in the blessing of Joseph, Jacob calls God a Shepherd (רעה), Genesis 48:15; Genesis 49:24, perhaps has somewhat to do with the choice of the first two names. In the third, the sitting enthroned in the sanctuary here below and in the heaven above blend together; for the Old Testament is conscious of a mutual relationship between the earthly and the heavenly temple (היכל) until the one merges entirely in the other. The cher׫bim, which God enthrones, i.e., upon which He sits enthroned, are the bearers of the chariot (מרכבה) of the Ruler of the world (vid., Psalm 18:11). With הופיעה (from יפע, Arab. yf‛, eminere, emicare, as in the Asaph Psalm 50:2) the poet prays that He would appear in His splendour of light, i.e., in His fiery bright, judging, and rescuing doxa, whether as directly visible, or even as only recognisable by its operation. Both the comparison, "after the manner of a flock" and the verb נהג are Asaphic, Psalm 78:52, cf. Psalm 26:1-12. Just so also the names given to the nation. The designation of Israel after the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh attaches itself to the name Joseph; and the two take the brother after the flesh into their midst, of whom the beloved Rachel was the mother as well as of Joseph, the father of Ephraim and Manasseh. In Numbers 2 also, these three are not separated, but have their camp on the west side of the Tabernacle. May God again put into activity - which is the meaning of עורר (excitare) in distinction from חעיר (expergefacere) - His גבורה, the need for the energetic intervention of which now makes itself felt, before these three tribes, i.e., by becoming their victorious leader. לכה is a summoning imperative.

(Note: Not a pronoun: to Thee it belongs to be for salvation for us, as the Talmud, Midrash, and Masora (vid., Norzi) take it; wherefore in J. Succa 54c it is straightway written לך. Such a לכה equals לך is called in the language of the Masora, and even in the Midrash (Exod. Rabba, fol. 121), לכה ודאית (vid., Buxtorf, Tiberias, p. 245).)

Concerning ישׁעתה vid., on Psalm 3:3; the construction with Lamed says as little against the accusative adverbial rendering of the ah set forth there as does the Beth of בּחרשׁה (in the wood) in 1 Samuel 23:15, vid., Bttcher's Neue Aehrenlese, Nos. 221, 384, 449. It is not a bringing back out of the Exile that is prayed for by השׁתבנוּ, for, according to the whole impression conveyed by the Psalm, the people are still on the soil of their fatherland; but in their present feebleness they are no longer like themselves, they stand in need of divine intervention in order again to attain a condition that is in harmony with the promises, in order to become themselves again. May God then cause His long hidden countenance to brighten and shine upon them, then shall they be helped as they desire (ונוּשׁעה).

Psalm 80:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

preparedst

Psalm 105:44 And gave them the lands of the heathen: and they inherited the labor of the people;

Exodus 23:28-30 And I will send hornets before you, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before you...

Joshua 23:13-15 Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out any of these nations from before you...

Joshua 24:12 And I sent the hornet before you, which drove them out from before you, even the two kings of the Amorites; but not with your sword...

Nehemiah 9:22-25 Moreover you gave them kingdoms and nations, and did divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon...

to take

Isaiah 27:6 He shall cause them that come of Jacob to take root: Israel shall blossom and bud, and fill the face of the world with fruit.

Isaiah 37:31 And the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall again take root downward, and bear fruit upward:

Jeremiah 12:2 You have planted them, yes, they have taken root: they grow, yes, they bring forth fruit: you are near in their mouth...

and it

1 Kings 4:20,25 Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry...

1 Chronicles 21:5 And Joab gave the sum of the number of the people to David...

1 Chronicles 27:23,24 But David took not the number of them from twenty years old and under...

Cross References
Exodus 23:28
And I will send hornets before you, which shall drive out the Hivites, the Canaanites, and the Hittites from before you.

Joshua 24:12
And I sent the hornet before you, which drove them out before you, the two kings of the Amorites; it was not by your sword or by your bow.

Psalm 44:2
you with your own hand drove out the nations, but them you planted; you afflicted the peoples, but them you set free;

Isaiah 5:2
He dug it and cleared it of stones, and planted it with choice vines; he built a watchtower in the midst of it, and hewed out a wine vat in it; and he looked for it to yield grapes, but it yielded wild grapes.

Hosea 14:5
I will be like the dew to Israel; he shall blossom like the lily; he shall take root like the trees of Lebanon;

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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