English Standard Version
So then he has mercy on whomever he wills, and he hardens whomever he wills.
King James Bible
Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.
American Standard Version
So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and whom he will be hardeneth.
Therefore he hath mercy on whom he will; and whom he will, he hardeneth.
English Revised Version
So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and whom he will he hardeneth.
Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore he hath mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.
Weymouth New Testament
This is a proof that wherever He chooses He shows mercy, and wherever he chooses He hardens the heart.
Romans 9:18 Parallel
CommentaryVincent's Word Studies
He will (θέλει)
In a decretory sense. See on Matthew 1:19.
Only here by Paul. See on hard, Matthew 25:24; see on Jde 1:14; see on James 3:4. Three words are used in the Hebrew to describe the hardening of Pharaoh's heart. The one which occurs most frequently, properly means to be strong, and therefore represents the hardness as foolhardiness, infatuated insensibility to danger. See Exodus 14. The word is used in its positive sense, hardens, not merely permits to become hard. In Exodus the hardening is represented as self-produced (Exodus 8:15, Exodus 8:32; Exodus 9:34), and as produced by God (Exodus 4:21; Exodus 7:3; Exodus 9:12; Exodus 10:20, Exodus 10:27; Exodus 11:10). Paul here chooses the latter representation.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
And the LORD said to Moses, "When you go back to Egypt, see that you do before Pharaoh all the miracles that I have put in your power. But I will harden his heart, so that he will not let the people go.
But I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and though I multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt,
But the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he did not listen to them, as the LORD had spoken to Moses.
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go in to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, that I may show these signs of mine among them,
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the people of Israel go.
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let them go.
Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, and the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the people of Israel go out of his land.
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.