Romans 9:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Has the potter no right over the clay, to make out of the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for dishonorable use?

King James Bible
Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?

American Standard Version
Or hath not the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Or hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump, to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?

English Revised Version
Or hath not the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?

Webster's Bible Translation
Hath not the potter power over the clay of the same lump to make one vessel to honor, and another to dishonor?

Weymouth New Testament
Or has not the potter rightful power over the clay to make out of the same lump one vessel for more honourable and another for less honourable uses?

Romans 9:21 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Power (ἐξουσίαν)

Or right. See on Mark 2:10; see on John 1:12.

Lump (φυράματος)

From φυράω to mix so as to make into dough. Hence any substance mixed with water and kneaded. Philo uses it of the human frame as compounded. By the lump is here meant human nature with its moral possibilities, "but not yet conceived of in its definite, individual, moral stamp" (Meyer). The figure of man as clay molded by God carries us back to the earliest traditions of the creation of man (Genesis 2:7). According to primitive ideas man is regarded as issuing from the earth. The traditions of Libya made the first human being spring from the plains heated by the sun. The Egyptians declared that the Nile mud, exposed to the heat of the sun, brought forth germs which sprang up as the bodies of men. A subsequent divine operation endowed these bodies with soul and intellect, and the divine fashioner appears upon some monuments molding clay, wherewith to form man, upon a potter's wheel. The Peruvians called the first man "animated earth;" and the Mandans of North America related that the Great Spirit molded two figures of clay, which he dried and animated with the breath of his mouth, one receiving the name of First Man, the other that of Companion. The Babylonian account, translated by Berosus, represents man as made of clay after the manner of a statue. See Francois Lenormant, "Beginnings of History."

To make one vessel unto honor and another unto dishonor (ποιῆσαι ὃ μεν εἰς τιμὴν σκεῦος, ὃ δὲ εἰς ἀτιμίαν)

Rev., more correctly, to make one part a vessel unto honor, and another part, etc. For vessel, see on 1 Peter 3:7; compare Matthew 12:29; Acts 9:15. The vessel here is the one which has just come from the potter's hand. Those in Romans 9:22 have been in household use.

Romans 9:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the potter.

Romans 9:11,18 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand...

Proverbs 16:4 The LORD has made all things for himself: yes, even the wicked for the day of evil.

Isaiah 64:8 But now, O LORD, you are our father; we are the clay, and you our potter; and we all are the work of your hand.

Jeremiah 18:3-6 Then I went down to the potter's house, and, behold, he worked a work on the wheels...

one vessel.

Romans 9:22,23 What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known...

Jeremiah 22:28 Is this man Coniah a despised broken idol? is he a vessel wherein is no pleasure? why are they cast out, he and his seed...

Hosea 8:8 Israel is swallowed up: now shall they be among the Gentiles as a vessel wherein is no pleasure.

Acts 9:15 But the Lord said to him, Go your way: for he is a chosen vessel to me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings...

2 Timothy 2:20,21 But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honor...

Cross References
Isaiah 10:15
Shall the axe boast over him who hews with it, or the saw magnify itself against him who wields it? As if a rod should wield him who lifts it, or as if a staff should lift him who is not wood!

Isaiah 45:9
"Woe to him who strives with him who formed him, a pot among earthen pots! Does the clay say to him who forms it, 'What are you making?' or 'Your work has no handles'?

Jeremiah 18:6
"O house of Israel, can I not do with you as this potter has done? declares the LORD. Behold, like the clay in the potter's hand, so are you in my hand, O house of Israel.

Romans 9:20
But who are you, O man, to answer back to God? Will what is molded say to its molder, "Why have you made me like this?"

Romans 9:22
What if God, desiring to show his wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction,

2 Timothy 2:20
Now in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and silver but also of wood and clay, some for honorable use, some for dishonorable.

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