Leviticus 19:18
New International Version
“’Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against anyone among your people, but love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD.

New Living Translation
“Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against a fellow Israelite, but love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD.

English Standard Version
You shall not take vengeance or bear a grudge against the sons of your own people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the LORD.

Berean Study Bible
Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against any of your people, but love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD.

New King James Version
You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the LORD.

New American Standard Bible
You shall not take vengeance, nor hold any grudge against the sons of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself; I am the LORD.

NASB 1995
‘You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the sons of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself; I am the LORD.

NASB 1977
‘You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the sons of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself; I am the LORD.

Amplified Bible
You shall not take revenge nor bear any grudge against the sons of your people, but you shall love your neighbor (acquaintance, associate, companion) as yourself; I am the LORD.

Christian Standard Bible
Do not take revenge or bear a grudge against members of your community, but love your neighbor as yourself; I am the LORD.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not take revenge or bear a grudge against members of your community, but love your neighbor as yourself; I am Yahweh.”

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people; but thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself: I am Jehovah.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Do not keep hate for the children your people, but love your fellow man as yourself. I AM LORD JEHOVAH.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And thy hand shall not avenge thee; and thou shalt not be angry with the children of thy people; and thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself; I am the Lord.

Contemporary English Version
Don't be angry or try to take revenge. I am the LORD, and I command you to love others as much as you love yourself.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Seek not revenge, nor be mindful of the injury of thy citizens. Thou shalt love thy friend as thyself. I am the Lord.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD.

Good News Translation
Do not take revenge on others or continue to hate them, but love your neighbors as you love yourself. I am the LORD.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never get revenge. Never hold a grudge against any of your people. Instead, love your neighbor as you love yourself. I am the LORD.

International Standard Version
"You are not to seek vengeance or hold a grudge against the descendants of your people. Instead, love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD."

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD.

Literal Standard Version
You do not take vengeance, nor watch the sons of your people; and you have had love for your neighbor as yourself; I [am] YHWH.

NET Bible
You must not take vengeance or bear a grudge against the children of your people, but you must love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD.

New Heart English Bible
"'You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people; but you shall love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD.

World English Bible
"'You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people; but you shall love your neighbor as yourself. I am Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou dost not take vengeance, nor watch the sons of thy people; and thou hast had love to thy neighbour as thyself; I am Jehovah.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Love Your Neighbor
17You must not harbor hatred against your brother in your heart. Directly rebuke your neighbor, so that you will not incur guilt on account of him. 18Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against any of your people, but love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD.

Cross References
Matthew 5:43
You have heard that it was said, 'Love your neighbor' and 'Hate your enemy.'

Matthew 19:19
honor your father and mother, and love your neighbor as yourself.'"

Matthew 22:39
And the second is like it: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'

Mark 12:31
The second is this: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.' No other commandment is greater than these."

Luke 10:27
He answered, "'Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind' and 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'"

John 13:34
A new commandment I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you also must love one another.

Romans 12:19
Do not avenge yourselves, beloved, but leave room for God's wrath. For it is written: "Vengeance is Mine; I will repay, says the Lord."


Treasury of Scripture

You shall not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the LORD.

not avenge

Exodus 23:4,5
If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again…

Deuteronomy 32:25
The sword without, and terror within, shall destroy both the young man and the virgin, the suckling also with the man of gray hairs.

2 Samuel 13:22,28
And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar…

thou shalt

Matthew 5:43
Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy.

Matthew 19:19
Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

Matthew 22:39,40
And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself…









(18) Thou shalt not avenge.--As the preceding verse enjoins upon us to reprove the offender, this verse forbids us to avenge the wrong even when the rebuke has proved ineffectual, thus demanding the greatest sacrifice on the part of the injured person. The administrators of the law during the second Temple illustrate what is meant by avenge by the following example. "When a disobliging person who is in need applies to you to lend him something, and you reply, 'I will not lend you even as you would not lend me,' this is to avenge." (Comp. also Romans 12:19.)

Nor bear any grudge.--The law goes further still. It enjoins that the injured man is to banish from memory the injury he has suffered, though the offender has made no reparation. The spiritual authorities during the time of Christ regarded the simple reference to the injury when a kindly act is performed to our adversary as a violation of this injunction. They illustrated it by the following example. When an adversary applies to you to lend him something, and you actually comply with his request, but in so doing you say, "I lend it you, I will not act as you have acted, for you have refused to lend me," this is a violation of the command not to bear any grudge. "He who at the reconciliation with his adversary readily forgives his transgressions, his own trespasses will also be readily forgiven in the day of judgment," is the oft-repeated precept of the sages during the second Temple. Again, "He who suffers injuries and does not return injury for injury, he who is reviled? 1 does not revile again, fulfils acts of love and rejoice in suffering; of him it is said, 'Those that love him are like the sun, which comes forth in its might from all dark clouds beaming with light'" (Judges 5:31).

Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.--This sublime precept formed the centre around which clustered the ethical systems propounded by some of the most distinguished Jewish teachers during the second Temple. When Hillel was asked by one who wished to learn the sum and substance of the Divine Law in the shortest possible time, this sage replied by giving a paraphrase of the precept before us in a negative form, "What thou dost not wish that others should do to thee, that do not thou to others; this is the whole Law, the rest is only its interpretation. Now go and learn." Christ gives it in the positive form (Matthew 7:12; Luke 6:31; Romans 13:8-10). . . .

Verse 18. - Revenge and malice are forbidden as well as hatred, and the negative precepts culminate in the positive law. Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, which sums up in itself one half of the Decalogue (Matthew 22:40). "For he that loveth another hath fulfilled the Law. For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the Law" (Romans 13:8-10).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Do not
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

seek revenge
תִקֹּ֤ם (ṯiq·qōm)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 5358: To grudge, avenge, punish

or bear a grudge
תִטֹּר֙ (ṯiṭ·ṭōr)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 5201: To guard, to cherish

against any
בְּנֵ֣י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of your people,
עַמֶּ֔ךָ (‘am·me·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

but love
וְאָֽהַבְתָּ֥ (wə·’ā·haḇ·tā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 157: To have affection f

your neighbor
לְרֵעֲךָ֖ (lə·rê·‘ă·ḵā)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 7453: Friend, companion, fellow

as yourself.
כָּמ֑וֹךָ (kā·mō·w·ḵā)
Preposition | second person masculine singular
Strong's 3644: Like, as, when

I
אֲנִ֖י (’ă·nî)
Pronoun - first person common singular
Strong's 589: I

am the LORD.
יְהוָֽה׃ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel


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OT Law: Leviticus 19:18 You shall not take vengeance nor bear (Le Lv Lev.)
Leviticus 19:17
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