Deuteronomy 20
Literal Standard Version Par ▾ 
1“When you go out to battle against your enemy, and have seen horse and chariot—a people more numerous than you—you are not afraid of them, for your God YHWH [is] with you, who is bringing you up out of the land of Egypt; 2and it has been, in your drawing near to the battle, that the priest has come near, and spoken to the people, 3and said to them, Hear, O Israel: You are drawing near today to battle against your enemies, do not let your hearts be tender, do not fear, nor make haste, nor be terrified at their presence, 4for your God YHWH [is] He who is going with you, to fight for you with your enemies—to save you. 5And the authorities have spoken to the people, saying, Who [is] the man that has built a new house and has not dedicated it? Let him go and return to his house, lest he die in battle and another man dedicate it. 6And who [is] the man that has planted a vineyard and has not made it common? Let him go and return to his house, lest he die in battle, and another man make it common. 7And who [is] the man that has betrothed a woman and has not taken her? Let him go and return to his house, lest he die in battle, and another man take her. 8And the authorities have added to speak to the people and said, Who [is] the man that is afraid and tender of heart? Let him go and return to his house, and the heart of his brothers does not melt like his heart. 9And it has come to pass, as the authorities finish to speak to the people, that they have appointed princes of the hosts at the head of the people.

10When you draw near to a city to fight against it, then you have called to it for peace, 11and it has been, if it answers you [with] peace, and has opened to you, then it has come to pass, all the people who are found in it are for tributaries to you, and have served you. 12And if it does not make peace with you, and has made war with you, then you have laid siege against it, 13and your God YHWH has given it into your hand, and you have struck every male of it by the mouth of the sword. 14Only, the women, and the infants, and the livestock, and all that is in the city, all its spoil, you seize for yourself, and you have eaten the spoil of your enemies which your God YHWH has given to you. 15So you do to all the cities which are very far off from you, which are not of the cities of these nations. 16Only, of the cities of these peoples which your God YHWH is giving to you [for] an inheritance, you do not keep alive any [that are] breathing; 17for you certainly devote the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, as your God YHWH has commanded you, 18so that they do not teach you to do according to all their abominations which they have done for their gods, and you have sinned against your God YHWH.

19When you lay siege to a city [for] many days to fight against it, to capture it, you do not destroy its trees to force an axe against them, for you eat of them, and you do not cut them down—for the tree of the field [is] man’s—to go in at your presence in the siege. 20Only, the tree of which you know that it [is] not a fruit-tree, you destroy it, and have cut [it] down, and have built a bulwark against the city which is making war with you until you have subdued it.”


Literal Standard Version
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Deuteronomy 19
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