Matthew 13:45
New International Version
“Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant looking for fine pearls.

New Living Translation
“Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a merchant on the lookout for choice pearls.

English Standard Version
“Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls,

Berean Study Bible
Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls.

Berean Literal Bible
Again, the kingdom of the heavens is like a merchant seeking fine pearls.

King James Bible
Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls:

New King James Version
“Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant seeking beautiful pearls,

New American Standard Bible
“Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant seeking fine pearls,

NASB 1995
“Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant seeking fine pearls,

NASB 1977
“Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant seeking fine pearls,

Amplified Bible
“Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls,

Christian Standard Bible
“Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
“Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls.

American Standard Version
Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is a merchant seeking goodly pearls:

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But again the Kingdom of Heaven is likened to the merchant man who was searching for precious pearls.

Contemporary English Version
The kingdom of heaven is like what happens when a shop owner is looking for fine pearls.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Again the kingdom of heaven is like to a merchant seeking good pearls.

English Revised Version
Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is a merchant seeking goodly pearls:

Good News Translation
"Also, the Kingdom of heaven is like this. A man is looking for fine pearls,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Also, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant who was searching for fine pearls.

International Standard Version
"Again, the kingdom from heaven is like a merchant searching for fine pearls.

Literal Standard Version
Again, the kingdom of the heavens is like to a man, a merchant, seeking good pearls,

NET Bible
"Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant searching for fine pearls.

New Heart English Bible
"Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a man who is a merchant seeking fine pearls,

Weymouth New Testament
"Again the Kingdom of the Heavens is like a jewel merchant who is in quest of choice pearls.

World English Bible
"Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who is a merchant seeking fine pearls,

Young's Literal Translation
'Again, the reign of the heavens is like to a man, a merchant, seeking goodly pearls,

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Parables of the Treasure and Pearl
44The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field. When a man found it, he hid it again, and in his joy he went and sold all he had and bought that field. 45Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls. 46When he found one very precious pearl, he went away and sold all he had and bought it.…

Cross References
Matthew 7:6
Do not give dogs what is holy; do not throw your pearls before swine. If you do, they may trample them under their feet, and then turn and tear you to pieces.

Matthew 13:24
Jesus put before them another parable: "The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field.

Matthew 13:46
When he found one very precious pearl, he went away and sold all he had and bought it.


Treasury of Scripture

Again, the kingdom of heaven is like to a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls:

like.

Matthew 16:26
For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?

Matthew 22:5
But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise:

Proverbs 3:13-18
Happy is the man that findeth wisdom, and the man that getteth understanding…

seeking.

Job 28:18
No mention shall be made of coral, or of pearls: for the price of wisdom is above rubies.

Psalm 4:6,7
There be many that say, Who will shew us any good? LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us…

Psalm 39:6,7
Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up riches, and knoweth not who shall gather them…









(45) Like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls.--Here again the illustration would commend itself to the thoughts of the fishermen of Galilee. The caprices of luxury in the Roman empire had given a prominence to pearls, as an article of commerce, which they had never had before, and have probably never had since. They, rather than emeralds and sapphires, were the typical instance of all costliest adornments (Matthew 7:6; 1Timothy 2:9). The story of Cleopatra, the fact that the opening of a new pearl market was one of the alleged motives which led the Emperor Claudius to invade Britain, are indications of the value that was then set on the "goodly pearls" of the parable. Such a merchant seeking them, either on the shores of the Mediterranean, or as brought by caravans to other traders from the Persian Gulf or the Indian Ocean, must have been a familiar presence to the fishermen of Capernaum. The parable in its spiritual bearing, has, of course, much that is common with the preceding. But there is this marked and suggestive difference. The "search" is presupposed, The man has been seeking the "goodly pearls" of wisdom, holiness, and truth, and has found them in at least some of their lower forms. Then he is led to the higher knowledge of communion with the life of Christ, and for that is content to resign all that he had before prized most highly. Such, in the records of the New Testament, was the history of St. Paul when he counted "all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus our Lord" (Philippians 3:8). Such, in after days, was the history of Justin Martyr and Augustine. Such, in our own time, has been that of many noble and true-hearted seekers after truth and holiness. Such will evermore be the history of those who are faithful in a very little, and who, "willing to do the will of God, shall know of the doctrine whether it be of God" (John 7:17).

Verses 45, 46. - The parable of the pearl merchant, Matthew only. Observe in this parable that the merchant is accustomed to deal in pearls, and is searching for good ones, when he meets with one worth more than the others he possesses all put together. If the former parable described one who finds the gospel as it were by chance (e.g. the woman of Samaria), this speaks of one who has long been searching for truth (e.g. Andrew and John, the Ethiopian eunuch). Verse 45. - Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man. Evidently no poor man, but a rich wholesale dealer (ἔμπορος: cf. Revelation 18:23; not κάπηλος, "a retailer;" cf. 2 Corinthians 2:17). Seeking. According to the usual manner of his life. Goodly pearls. He eared nothing about the inferior kinds or specimens. The man aimed high; he got more than he can have thought possible (Matthew 7:7, 8). Origen (Commentary, in loc.; Huet, 1. p. 210) has much curious matter about the different kinds of pearls.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
Again,
Πάλιν (Palin)
Adverb
Strong's 3825: Probably from the same as pale; anew, i.e. back, once more, or furthermore or on the other hand.

the
(hē)
Article - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

kingdom
βασιλεία (basileia)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's 932: From basileus; properly, royalty, i.e. rule, or a realm.

of
τῶν (tōn)
Article - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

heaven
οὐρανῶν (ouranōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's 3772: Perhaps from the same as oros; the sky; by extension, heaven; by implication, happiness, power, eternity; specially, the Gospel.

is
ἐστὶν (estin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

like
ὁμοία (homoia)
Adjective - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's 3664: Like, similar to, resembling, of equal rank. From the base of homou; similar.

a merchant
ἐμπόρῳ (emporō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's 1713: A merchant, trader; one on a journey. From en and the base of poreuomai; a tradesman.

in search of
ζητοῦντι (zētounti)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's 2212: To seek, search for, desire, require, demand. Of uncertain affinity; to seek; specially, to worship, or to plot.

fine
καλοὺς (kalous)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's 2570: Properly, beautiful, but chiefly good, i.e. Valuable or virtuous.

pearls.
μαργαρίτας (margaritas)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's 3135: A pearl. From margaros; a pearl.


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