Psalm 60:3
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
You have made Your people experience hardship; You have given us wine to drink that makes us stagger.

King James Bible
Thou hast shewed thy people hard things: thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou hast shewn thy people hard things; thou hast made us to drink the wine of bewilderment.

World English Bible
You have shown your people hard things. You have made us drink the wine that makes us stagger.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou hast shewn Thy people a hard thing, Thou hast caused us to drink wine of trembling.

Psalm 60:3 Parallel
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Thou hast showed thy people hard things - Thou hast caused them to see reverses, disappointments, and trials. This refers, according to the supposition in the Introduction to the psalm, to some calamitous events which had occurred. The probability seems to be that the Edomites may have spread desolation over the land.

Thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment - The word rendered "astonishment" - תרעלה tar‛êlâh - occurs only here and in Isaiah 51:17, Isaiah 51:22 - in both of which verses in Isaiah it is rendered trembling. It means properly reeling, drunkenness; and the idea here is, that it was as if he had given them a cup - that is, an intoxicating drink - which had caused them to reel as a drunken man; or, in other words, their efforts had been unsuccessful. Compare Psalm 11:6, note; Isaiah 51:17, note.

Psalm 60:3 Parallel Commentaries

Dialogue i. --The Immutable.
Orthodoxos and Eranistes. Orth.--Better were it for us to agree and abide by the apostolic doctrine in its purity. But since, I know not how, you have broken the harmony, and are now offering us new doctrines, let us, if you please, with no kind of quarrel, investigate the truth. Eran.--We need no investigation, for we exactly hold the truth. Orth.--This is what every heretic supposes. Aye, even Jews and Pagans reckon that they are defending the doctrines of the truth; and so also do not only the
Theodoret—The Ecclesiastical History of Theodoret

Cross References
Job 21:20
"Let his own eyes see his decay, And let him drink of the wrath of the Almighty.

Psalm 66:12
You made men ride over our heads; We went through fire and through water, Yet You brought us out into a place of abundance.

Psalm 71:20
You who have shown me many troubles and distresses Will revive me again, And will bring me up again from the depths of the earth.

Psalm 75:8
For a cup is in the hand of the LORD, and the wine foams; It is well mixed, and He pours out of this; Surely all the wicked of the earth must drain and drink down its dregs.

Isaiah 21:2
A harsh vision has been shown to me; The treacherous one still deals treacherously, and the destroyer still destroys. Go up, Elam, lay siege, Media; I have made an end of all the groaning she has caused.

Isaiah 51:17
Rouse yourself! Rouse yourself! Arise, O Jerusalem, You who have drunk from the LORD'S hand the cup of His anger; The chalice of reeling you have drained to the dregs.

Isaiah 51:22
Thus says your Lord, the LORD, even your God Who contends for His people, "Behold, I have taken out of your hand the cup of reeling, The chalice of My anger; You will never drink it again.

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