Ezekiel 31:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Consider Assyria, once a cedar in Lebanon, with beautiful branches overshadowing the forest; it towered on high, its top above the thick foliage.

King James Bible
Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature; and his top was among the thick boughs.

Darby Bible Translation
Behold, Assyria was a cedar in Lebanon, with fair branches and a shadowing shroud, and of a high stature: and his top was amidst the thick boughs.

World English Bible
Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon with beautiful branches, and with a forest-like shade, and of high stature; and its top was among the thick boughs.

Young's Literal Translation
Lo, Asshur, a cedar in Lebanon, Fair in branch, and shading bough, and high in stature, And between thickets hath its foliage been.

Ezekiel 31:3 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar - Why is the Assyrian introduced here, when the whole chapter concerns Egypt? Bp. Lowth has shown that אשור ארז ashshur erez should be translated the tall cedar, the very stately cedar; hence there is reference to his lofty top; and all the following description belongs to Egypt, not to Assyria. But see on Ezekiel 31:11 (note).

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the Assyrian

Nahum 3:1 Woe to the bloody city! it is all full of lies and robbery; the prey departs not;

Zephaniah 2:13 And he will stretch out his hand against the north, and destroy Assyria; and will make Nineveh a desolation, and dry like a wilderness.

a cedar

Ezekiel 17:3,4,22 And say, Thus said the Lord GOD; A great eagle with great wings, long winged, full of feathers, which had divers colors...

Isaiah 10:33,34 Behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, shall lop the bough with terror: and the high ones of stature shall be hewn down...

Isaiah 37:24 By your servants have you reproached the Lord, and have said, By the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains...

Daniel 4:10,20-23 Thus were the visions of my head in my bed; I saw, and behold a tree in the middle of the earth, and the height thereof was great...

Zechariah 11:2 Howl, fir tree; for the cedar is fallen; because the mighty are spoiled: howl, O you oaks of Bashan...

with fair branches [heb] fair of branches
of an high

Ezekiel 31:6 All the fowls of heaven made their nests in his boughs, and under his branches did all the beasts of the field bring forth their young...

Judges 9:15 And the bramble said to the trees, If in truth you anoint me king over you, then come and put your trust in my shadow: and if not...

Daniel 4:12 The leaves thereof were fair, and the fruit thereof much, and in it was meat for all: the beasts of the field had shadow under it...

To a modern taste, Ezekiel does not appeal anything like so powerfully as Isaiah or Jeremiah. He has neither the majesty of the one nor the tenderness and passion of the other. There is much in him that is fantastic, and much that is ritualistic. His imaginations border sometimes on the grotesque and sometimes on the mechanical. Yet he is a historical figure of the first importance; it was very largely from him that Judaism received the ecclesiastical impulse by which for centuries it was powerfully
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Psalm 92:12
The righteous will flourish like a palm tree, they will grow like a cedar of Lebanon;

Isaiah 10:33
See, the Lord, the LORD Almighty, will lop off the boughs with great power. The lofty trees will be felled, the tall ones will be brought low.

Isaiah 10:34
He will cut down the forest thickets with an ax; Lebanon will fall before the Mighty One.

Jeremiah 17:8
They will be like a tree planted by the water that sends out its roots by the stream. It does not fear when heat comes; its leaves are always green. It has no worries in a year of drought and never fails to bear fruit."

Jeremiah 50:18
Therefore this is what the LORD Almighty, the God of Israel, says: "I will punish the king of Babylon and his land as I punished the king of Assyria.

Ezekiel 17:3
Say to them, 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: A great eagle with powerful wings, long feathers and full plumage of varied colors came to Lebanon. Taking hold of the top of a cedar,

Ezekiel 17:4
he broke off its topmost shoot and carried it away to a land of merchants, where he planted it in a city of traders.

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Asshur Assyria Assyrian Beautiful Bough Boughs Branch Branches Cedar Clouds Cover Fair Foliage Forest Great Growth Height High Lebanon Pine-Tree Shade Shadowing Shady Shroud Stature Thick Thickets Top
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