New International Version
In speaking of the angels he says, "He makes his angels spirits, and his servants flames of fire."
King James Bible
And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.
Darby Bible Translation
And as to the angels he says, Who makes his angels spirits and his ministers a flame of fire;
World English Bible
Of the angels he says, "Who makes his angels winds, and his servants a flame of fire."
Young's Literal Translation
and unto the messengers, indeed, He saith, 'Who is making His messengers spirits, and His ministers a flame of fire;'
Hebrews 1:7 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Who maketh his angels spirits - They are so far from being superior to Christ, that they are not called God's sons in any peculiar sense, but his servants, as tempests and lightnings are. In many respects they may have been made inferior even to man as he came out of the hands of his Maker, for he was made in the image and likeness of God; but of the angels, even the highest order of them, this is never spoken. It is very likely that the apostle refers here to the opinions of the Jews relative to the angels. In Pirkey R. Elieser, c. 4, it is said: "The angels which were created the second day, when they minister before God, נעשין של אש become fire." In Shemoth Rabba, s. 25, fol. 123, it is said: "God is named the Lord of hosts, because with his angels he doth whatsoever he wills: when he pleases, he makes them sit down; Judges 6:11 : And the angel of the Lord came, and sat under a tree. When he pleases, he causes them to stand; Isaiah 6:2 : The seraphim stood. Sometimes he makes them like women; Zechariah 5:9 : Behold there came two women, and the wind was in their wings. Sometimes he makes them like men; Genesis 18:2 : And, lo, three men stood by him. Sometimes he makes them spirits; Psalm 104:4 : Who maketh his angels spirits. Sometimes he makes them fire; ibid. His ministers a flame of fire."
In Yalcut Simeoni, par. 2, fol. 11, it is said: "The angel answered Manoah, I know not in whose image I am made, for God changeth us every hour: sometimes he makes us fire, sometimes spirit, sometimes men, and at other times angels." It is very probable that those who are termed angels are not confined to any specific form or shape, but assume various forms and appearances according to the nature of the work on which they are employed and the will of their sovereign employer. This seems to have been the ancient Jewish doctrine on this subject.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
of. Gr. unto. Who.
LibraryMessiah the Son of God
For to which of the angels said He at any time, Thou art My Son, this day have I begotten Thee? T hough every part of a revelation from God must of course be equally true, there may be a considerable difference even among truths proposed by the same authority, with respect to their immediate importance. There are fundamental truths, the knowledge of which are essentially necessary to our peace and holiness: and there are others of a secondary nature, which, though very useful in their proper connection, …
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 2
The Friend Whose Years do not Fail. Rev. W. Arthur, M. A.
The Son and the Angels.
Agency of Evil Spirits
After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.
1 Kings 22:19
Micaiah continued, "Therefore hear the word of the LORD: I saw the LORD sitting on his throne with all the multitudes of heaven standing around him on his right and on his left.
He makes winds his messengers, flames of fire his servants.
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