Job 10:21
Parallel Verses
New International Version
before I go to the place of no return, to the land of gloom and utter darkness,

King James Bible
Before I go whence I shall not return, even to the land of darkness and the shadow of death;

Darby Bible Translation
Before I go, and never to return, -- to the land of darkness and the shadow of death;

World English Bible
before I go where I shall not return from, to the land of darkness and of the shadow of death;

Young's Literal Translation
Before I go, and return not, Unto a land of darkness and death-shade,

Job 10:21 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

I shall not return - I shall not return again from the dust to have a dwelling among men.

To the land of darkness - See the notes on Job 3:5. There are here a crowd of obscure and dislocated terms, admirably expressive of the obscurity and uncertainty of the subject. What do we know of the state of separate spirits? What do we know of the spiritual world? How do souls exist separate from their respective bodies? Of what are they capable and what is their employment? Who can answer these questions? Perhaps nothing can be said much better of the state than is here said, a land of obscurity, like darkness. The shadow of death - A place where death rules, over which he projects his shadow, intercepting every light of every kind of life. Without any order, ולא סדרים velo sedarim, having no arrangements, no distinctions of inhabitants; the poor and the rich are there, the master and his slave, the king and the beggar, their bodies in equal corruption and disgrace, their souls distinguished only by their moral character. Stripped of their flesh, they stand in their naked simplicity before God in that place.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I go whence

Job 7:8-10 The eye of him that has seen me shall see me no more: your eyes are on me, and I am not...

Job 14:10-14 But man dies, and wastes away: yes, man gives up the ghost, and where is he...

2 Samuel 12:23 But now he is dead, why should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.

2 Samuel 14:14 For we must needs die, and are as water spilt on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again; neither does God respect any person...

Isaiah 38:11 I said, I shall not see the LORD, even the LORD, in the land of the living...

the land

Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell on it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Psalm 88:6,11,12 You have laid me in the lowest pit, in darkness, in the deeps...

the shadow. See on

Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell on it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Psalm 23:4 Yes, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for you are with me...

Jeremiah 2:6 Neither said they, Where is the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness...

The Sweet Uses of Adversity
Now, I propose to address myself to the two classes of persons who are making use of this question. First, I shall speak to the tried saint; and then I shall speak to the seeking sinner, who has been seeking peace and pardon through Christ, but who has not as yet found it, but, on the contrary, has been buffeted by the law, and driven away from the mercy-seat in despair. I. First, then, to THE CHILD OF GOD. I have--I know I have--in this great assembly, some who have come to Job's position. They
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 5: 1859

Whether the Damned are in Material Darkness?
Objection 1: It would seem that the damned are not in material darkness. For commenting on Job 10:22, "But everlasting horror dwelleth," Gregory says (Moral. ix): "Although that fire will give no light for comfort, yet, that it may torment the more it does give light for a purpose, for by the light of its flame the wicked will see their followers whom they have drawn thither from the world." Therefore the darkness there is not material. Objection 2: Further, the damned see their own punishment, for
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

How is Christ, as the Life, to be Applied by a Soul that Misseth God's Favour and Countenance.
The sixth case, that we shall speak a little to, is a deadness, occasioned by the Lord's hiding of himself, who is their life, and "the fountain of life," Ps. xxxvi. 9, and "whose loving-kindness is better than life," Ps. lxiii. 3, and "in whose favour is their life," Ps. xxx. 5. A case, which the frequent complaints of the saints manifest to be rife enough, concerning which we shall, 1. Shew some of the consequences of the Lord's hiding his face, whereby the soul's case will appear. 2. Shew the
John Brown (of Wamphray)—Christ The Way, The Truth, and The Life

The Beginning of Justification. In what Sense Progressive.
1. Men either idolatrous, profane, hypocritical, or regenerate. 1. Idolaters void of righteousness, full of unrighteousness, and hence in the sight of God altogether wretched and undone. 2. Still a great difference in the characters of men. This difference manifested. 1. In the gifts of God. 2. In the distinction between honorable and base. 3. In the blessings of he present life. 3. All human virtue, how praiseworthy soever it may appear, is corrupted. 1. By impurity of heart. 2. By the absence of
John Calvin—The Institutes of the Christian Religion

Cross References
2 Samuel 12:23
But now that he is dead, why should I go on fasting? Can I bring him back again? I will go to him, but he will not return to me."

Job 3:13
For now I would be lying down in peace; I would be asleep and at rest

Job 10:22
to the land of deepest night, of utter darkness and disorder, where even the light is like darkness."

Job 16:22
"Only a few years will pass before I take the path of no return.

Job 34:22
There is no deep shadow, no utter darkness, where evildoers can hide.

Job 38:17
Have the gates of death been shown to you? Have you seen the gates of the deepest darkness?

Psalm 23:4
Even though I walk through the darkest valley, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me.

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