Job 10:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
before I go—and I shall not return— to the land of darkness and deep shadow,

King James Bible
Before I go whence I shall not return, even to the land of darkness and the shadow of death;

American Standard Version
Before I go whence I shall not return, Even to the land of darkness and of the shadow of death;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Before I go, and return no more, to a land that is dark and covered with the mist of death:

English Revised Version
Before I go whence I shall not return, even to the land of darkness and of the shadow of death;

Webster's Bible Translation
Before I go whence I shall not return, even to the land of darkness, and the shades of death;

Job 10:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

13 And such Thou hast hidden in Thy heart,

I perceive that this was in Thy mind:

14 If I should sin, Thou wouldst take note of it,

And not acquit me of my iniquity.

15 If I should act wickedly, woe unto me!

And were I righteous, I should not lift up my head,

Being full of shame and conscious of my misery.

16 And were I to raise it, Thou wouldst hunt me as a lion,

And ever display on me Thy wondrous power,

17 Thou wouldst ever bring fresh witnesses against me,

And increase Thy wrath against me,

I should be compelled to withstand continuously advancing troops and a host.

This manifestation of divine goodness which Job has experienced from the earliest existence seems to him, as he compares his present lot of suffering with it, to have served as a veil to a hidden purpose of a totally opposite character. That purpose - to make this life, which has been so graciously called into existence and guarded thus far, the object of the severest and most condemning visitation - is now manifest. Both אלּה and זאת refer to what is to follow: עמּך זאת used of the thought conceived, the purpose cherished, as Job 23:14; Job 27:11. All that follows receives a future colouring from this principal clause, "This is what Thou hadst designed to do," which rules the strophe. Thus Job 10:14 is to be rendered: If I had sinned, Thou wouldst have kept me in remembrance, properly custodies me, which is here equivalent to custoditurus eras me. שׁמר, with the acc. of the person, according to Psalm 130:3 (where it is followed by the acc. of the sin), is to be understood: to keep any one in remembrance, i.e., to mark him as sinful (Hirzel). This appears more appropriate than rigide observaturus eras me (Schlottm.). ושׁמרתני, according to Ges. 121, 4, might be taken for לי ושׁמרת (viz., חטּאתי); but this is unnecessary, and we have merely translated it thus for the sake of clearness. His infirmities must not be passed by unpunished; and if he should act wickedly (רשׁע, of malignant sin, in distinction from חטא), woe unto him (comp. οἰαί μοι, 1 Corinthians 9:16). According to the construction referred to above, וצדקתי is praet. hypotheticum (Ges. 155, 4, a); and the conclusion follows without waw apodosis: If I had acted rightly, I should not have raised my head, being full of shame and conscious of my misery. The adjectives are not in apposition to ראשׁי (Bttcher), but describe the condition into which he would be brought, instead of being able (according to the ethical principle, Genesis 4:7) to raise his head cheerfully. ראה constr. of ראה, as שׂבע or שׂבע. It is needless, with Pisc., Hirz., Bttch., and Ewald, to alter it to ראה, since ראה is verbal adjective like יפה, נכה, קשׁה. Moreover, וּראה cannot be imperative (Rosenm., De Wette); for although imperatives, joined by waw to sentences of a different construction, do occur (Psalm 77:2; 2 Samuel 21:3), such an exclamation would destroy the connection and tone of the strophe in the present case.

Job 10:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I go whence

Job 7:8-10 The eye of him that has seen me shall see me no more: your eyes are on me, and I am not...

Job 14:10-14 But man dies, and wastes away: yes, man gives up the ghost, and where is he...

2 Samuel 12:23 But now he is dead, why should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.

2 Samuel 14:14 For we must needs die, and are as water spilt on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again; neither does God respect any person...

Isaiah 38:11 I said, I shall not see the LORD, even the LORD, in the land of the living...

the land

Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell on it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Psalm 88:6,11,12 You have laid me in the lowest pit, in darkness, in the deeps...

the shadow. See on

Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell on it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Psalm 23:4 Yes, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for you are with me...

Jeremiah 2:6 Neither said they, Where is the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness...

Cross References
2 Samuel 12:23
But now he is dead. Why should I fast? Can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he will not return to me."

Job 3:13
For then I would have lain down and been quiet; I would have slept; then I would have been at rest,

Job 10:22
the land of gloom like thick darkness, like deep shadow without any order, where light is as thick darkness."

Job 16:22
For when a few years have come I shall go the way from which I shall not return.

Job 34:22
There is no gloom or deep darkness where evildoers may hide themselves.

Job 38:17
Have the gates of death been revealed to you, or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?

Psalm 23:4
Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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