Job 10:21
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Before I go-- and I shall not return-- To the land of darkness and deep shadow,

King James Bible
Before I go whence I shall not return, even to the land of darkness and the shadow of death;

Darby Bible Translation
Before I go, and never to return, to the land of darkness and the shadow of death;

World English Bible
before I go where I shall not return from, to the land of darkness and of the shadow of death;

Young's Literal Translation
Before I go, and return not, Unto a land of darkness and death-shade,

Job 10:21 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Before I go - from where "I shall not return." To the grave, to the land of shades, to

"That undiscovered country, from whose bourne

No traveler returns."

To the land of darkness - This passage is important as furnishing an illustration of what was early understood about the regions of the dead. The essential idea here is that it was a land of darkness, of total and absolute night. This idea Job presents in a great variety of forms and phrases. He amplifies it, and uses apparently all the epithets which he can command to represent the utter and entire darkness of the place. The place referred to is not the grave, but the region beyond, the abode of departed spirits, the Hades of the ancients; and the idea here is, that it is a place where not a clear ray of light ever shines. That this was a common opinion of the ancients in regard to the world of departed spirits, is well known. Virgil thus speaks of those gloomy regions:

Oii, quibusimperium est animarum, umbraeque silentes,

Et Chaos, et Phlegethon, loca nocte tacentia late,

Sit mihi fas audita loqui; slt numine vestro

Pandere res alta terra et caligine mersas.

Ibant obscuri sola sub nocte per umbram,

Perque domos Ditis vacuas, et inania regna:

Quale per incertam lunam sub luce maligna

Est iter in silvis: ubi coelum condidit umbra

Jupiter, et rebus nox abstulit atra colorem

Aeneid vi. 259ff

continued...

Job 10:21 Parallel Commentaries

Library
Whether God Works in Every Agent?
Objection 1: It would seem that God does not work in every agent. For we must not attribute any insufficiency to God. If therefore God works in every agent, He works sufficiently in each one. Hence it would be superfluous for the created agent to work at all. Objection 2: Further, the same work cannot proceed at the same time from two sources; as neither can one and the same movement belong to two movable things. Therefore if the creature's operation is from God operating in the creature, it cannot
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

That a Man Ought not to Reckon Himself Worthy of Consolation, but More Worthy of Chastisement
O Lord, I am not worthy of Thy consolation, nor of any spiritual visitation; and therefore Thou dealest justly with me, when Thou leavest me poor and desolate. For if I were able to pour forth tears like the sea, still should I not be worthy of Thy consolation. Therefore am I nothing worthy save to be scourged and punished, because I have grievously and many a time offended Thee, and in many things have greatly sinned. Therefore, true account being taken, I am not worthy even of the least of Thy
Thomas A Kempis—Imitation of Christ

Cross References
2 Samuel 12:23
"But now he has died; why should I fast? Can I bring him back again? I will go to him, but he will not return to me."

Job 3:13
"For now I would have lain down and been quiet; I would have slept then, I would have been at rest,

Job 10:22
The land of utter gloom as darkness itself, Of deep shadow without order, And which shines as the darkness."

Job 16:22
"For when a few years are past, I shall go the way of no return.

Job 34:22
"There is no darkness or deep shadow Where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.

Job 38:17
"Have the gates of death been revealed to you, Or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?

Psalm 23:4
Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I fear no evil, for You are with me; Your rod and Your staff, they comfort me.

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