Job 20:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
What he toiled for he must give back uneaten; he will not enjoy the profit from his trading.

King James Bible
That which he laboured for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down: according to his substance shall the restitution be, and he shall not rejoice therein.

Darby Bible Translation
That which he laboured for shall he restore, and not swallow down; its restitution shall be according to the value, and he shall not rejoice [therein].

World English Bible
That for which he labored he shall restore, and shall not swallow it down. According to the substance that he has gotten, he shall not rejoice.

Young's Literal Translation
He is giving back what he laboured for, And doth not consume it; As a bulwark is his exchange, and he exults not.

Job 20:18 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

That which he laboureth for shall he restore - I prefer here the reading of the Arabic, which is also supported by the Syriac, and is much nearer to the Hebrew text than the common version. He shall return to labor, but he shall not eat; he shall toil, and not be permitted to enjoy the fruit of his labor. The whole of this verse Mr. Good thus translates: -

"To labor shall he return, but he shall not eat.

A dearth his recompense: yea, nothing shall he taste."

It may be inquired how Mr. Good arrives at this meaning. It is by considering the word יעלס yaalos, which we translate he shall rejoice, as the Arabic (Arabic) alasa, "he ate, drank, tasted;" and the word כהיל kehil, which we make a compound word, keeheyl, "according to substance," to be the pure Arabic word (Arabic) kahala, "it was fruitless," applied to a year of dearth: hence kahlan, "a barren year." Conceiving these two to be pure Arabic words, for which he seems to have sufficient authority, he renders תמורתו temuratho, his recompense, as in Job 15:31, and not restitution, as here. The general meaning is, He shall labor and toil, but shall not reap, for God shall send on his land blasting and mildew. Houbigant translates the verse thus: Reddet labore partum; neque id absumet; copiosae fuerunt mercaturae ejus, sed illis non fruetur. "He shall restore what he gained by labor, nor shall he consume it; his merchandises were abundant, but he shall not enjoy them." O, how doctors disagree! Old Coverdale gives a good sense, which is no unfrequent thing with this venerable translator: -

But laboure shal he, and yet have nothinge to eate; great travayle shal he make for riches, but he shal not enjoye them.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

shall he restore. See on

Job 20:10,15 His children shall seek to please the poor, and his hands shall restore their goods...

swallow

Job 20:5 That the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment?

Proverbs 1:12 Let us swallow them up alive as the grave; and whole, as those that go down into the pit:

Jeremiah 51:34,44 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon has devoured me, he has crushed me, he has made me an empty vessel...

Lamentations 2:16 All your enemies have opened their mouth against you: they hiss and gnash the teeth: they say, We have swallowed her up...

Hosea 8:7,8 For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it has no stalk; the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield...

Amos 8:4 Hear this, O you that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail,

Matthew 23:14,24 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayer...

his substance. Heb. the substance of his exchange. and he shall

Job 31:25,29 If I rejoice because my wealth was great, and because my hand had gotten much...

Isaiah 24:7-11 The new wine mourns, the vine languishes, all the merry hearted do sigh...

Jeremiah 11:15,16 What has my beloved to do in my house, seeing she has worked lewdness with many, and the holy flesh is passed from you...

Jeremiah 22:13,17 Woe to him that builds his house by unrighteousness, and his chambers by wrong; that uses his neighbor's service without wages...

Ezekiel 7:12 The time is come, the day draws near: let not the buyer rejoice, nor the seller mourn: for wrath is on all the multitude thereof.

Hosea 9:1 Rejoice not, O Israel, for joy, as other people: for you have gone a whoring from your God...

James 4:8,9 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double minded...

Library
June 9 Evening
The triumphing of the wicked is short.--JOB 20:5. Thou shalt bruise his heel.--This is your hour, and the power of darkness.--As the children are partakers of flesh and blood he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil.--Having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it. Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path

God.
GLORY OF GOD. God is the chief good--good so as nothing is but himself. He is in himself most happy; yea, all good and all true happiness are only to be found in God, as that which is essential to his nature; nor is there any good or any happiness in or with any creature or thing but what is communicated to it by God. God is the only desirable good; nothing without him is worthy of our hearts. Right thoughts of God are able to ravish the heart; how much more happy is the man that has interest in
John Bunyan—The Riches of Bunyan

Cross References
Job 20:10
His children must make amends to the poor; his own hands must give back his wealth.

Job 20:15
He will spit out the riches he swallowed; God will make his stomach vomit them up.

Job 27:17
what he lays up the righteous will wear, and the innocent will divide his silver.

Job 31:8
then may others eat what I have sown, and may my crops be uprooted.

Proverbs 21:20
The wise store up choice food and olive oil, but fools gulp theirs down.

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