New International Version
if I have raised my hand against the fatherless, knowing that I had influence in court,
King James Bible
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:
Darby Bible Translation
If I have lifted up my hand against an orphan, because I saw my help in the gate:
World English Bible
if I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, because I saw my help in the gate,
Young's Literal Translation
If I have waved at the fatherless my hand, When I see in him the gate of my court,
Job 31:21 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless - I have at no time opposed the orphan, nor given, in behalf of the rich and powerful, a decision against the poor, when I saw my help in the gate - when I was sitting chief on the throne of judgment, and could have done it without being called to account. There are sentiments very like these in the poem of Lebeid, one of the authors of the Moallakhat. I shall quote several verses from the elegant translation of Sir William Jones, in which the character of a charitable and bountiful chief is well described: -
"Oft have I invited a numerous company to the death of a camel bought for slaughter, to be divided with arrows of equal dimensions."
"I invite them to draw lots for a camel without a foal, and for a camel with her young one, whose flesh I distribute to all the neighbors."
"The guest and the stranger admitted to my board seem to have alighted in the sweet vale of Tebaala, luxuriant with vernal blossoms."
"The cords of my tent approaches every needy matron, worn with fatigue, like a camel doomed to die at her master's tomb, whose venture is both scanty and ragged."
"There they crown with meat (while the wintry winds contend with fierce blasts) a dish flowing like a rivulet, into which the famished orphans eagerly plunge."
"He distributes equal shares, he dispenses justice to the tribes, he is indignant when their right is diminished; and, to establish their right, often relinquishes his own."
"He acts with greatness of mind, and nobleness of heart: he sheds the dew of his liberality on those who need his assistance; he scatters around his own gains and precious spoils, the prizes of his valor." - Ver. 73-80.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
LibraryThou Shalt not Steal.
This Commandment also has a work, which embraces very many good works, and is opposed to many vices, and is called in German Mildigkeit, "benevolence;" which is a work ready to help and serve every one with one's goods. And it fights not only against theft and robbery, but against all stinting in temporal goods which men may practise toward one another: such as greed, usury, overcharging and plating wares that sell as solid, counterfeit wares, short measures and weights, and who could tell all the …
Dr. Martin Luther—A Treatise on Good Works
Whether after Christ, it was Proper to the Blessed virgin to be Sanctified in the Womb?
The Seventh Commandment
Tit. 2:06 Thoughts for Young Men
"When I went to the gate of the city and took my seat in the public square,
because I rescued the poor who cried for help, and the fatherless who had none to assist them.
if I have kept my bread to myself, not sharing it with the fatherless--
and their hearts did not bless me for warming them with the fleece from my sheep,
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