Job 31:21
New International Version
if I have raised my hand against the fatherless, knowing that I had influence in court,

New Living Translation
“If I raised my hand against an orphan, knowing the judges would take my side,

English Standard Version
if I have raised my hand against the fatherless, because I saw my help in the gate,

Berean Study Bible
if I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless because I saw that I had support in the gate,

King James Bible
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:

New King James Version
If I have raised my hand against the fatherless, When I saw I had help in the gate;

New American Standard Bible
If I have lifted up my hand against the orphan, Because I saw I had support in the gate,

NASB 1995
If I have lifted up my hand against the orphan, Because I saw I had support in the gate,

NASB 1977
If I have lifted up my hand against the orphan, Because I saw I had support in the gate,

Amplified Bible
If I have lifted my hand against the orphan, Because I saw [that the judges would be] my help at the [council] gate,

Christian Standard Bible
if I ever cast my vote against a fatherless child when I saw that I had support in the city gate,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
if I ever cast my vote against a fatherless child when I saw that I had support in the city gate,

American Standard Version
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, Because I saw my help in the gate:

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
If I have lifted my hands against the orphan, (but whenever I saw him at the door I helped him)

Brenton Septuagint Translation
if I lifted my hand against an orphan, trusting that my strength was far superior to his:

Contemporary English Version
If I have ever raised my arm to threaten an orphan when the power was mine,

Douay-Rheims Bible
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, even when I saw myself superior in the gate:

English Revised Version
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, because I saw my help in the gate:

Good News Translation
If I have ever cheated an orphan, knowing I could win in court,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If I have shaken my fist at an orphan because I knew that others would back me up in court,

International Standard Version
if I've raised my hand against an orphan when I thought I would against him in court,

JPS Tanakh 1917
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, Because I saw my help in the gate;

Literal Standard Version
If I have waved my hand at the fatherless, When I see [him] in the gate of my court,

NET Bible
if I have raised my hand to vote against the orphan, when I saw my support in the court,

New Heart English Bible
if I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, because I saw my help in the gate,

World English Bible
if I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, because I saw my help in the gate,

Young's Literal Translation
If I have waved at the fatherless my hand, When I see in him the gate of my court,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Job's Final Appeal
20if his heart has not blessed me for warming him with the fleece of my sheep, 21if I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless because I saw that I had support in the gate, 22then may my arm fall from my shoulder and be torn from its socket.…

Cross References
Job 29:7
When I went out to the city gate and took my seat in the public square,

Job 29:12
because I rescued the poor who cried out and the fatherless who had no helper.

Job 31:17
if I have eaten my morsel alone, not sharing it with the fatherless--

Job 31:20
if his heart has not blessed me for warming him with the fleece of my sheep,


Treasury of Scripture

If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:

lifted

Job 6:27
Yea, ye overwhelm the fatherless, and ye dig a pit for your friend.

Job 22:9
Thou hast sent widows away empty, and the arms of the fatherless have been broken.

Job 24:9
They pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor.

when

Micah 2:1,2
Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil upon their beds! when the morning is light, they practise it, because it is in the power of their hand…

Micah 7:3
That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asketh, and the judge asketh for a reward; and the great man, he uttereth his mischievous desire: so they wrap it up.









Verse 21. - If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless; i.e. if I have in any way oppressed him. When I saw my help in the gate; i.e.. when I had the power to do so - when I saw my friends and hangers-on mustered in force at the gate where causes were being tried. The wrong and robbery which the poor suffer in the East have always been camel, to a large extent, by failure of justice in the courts, where might, and not right, carries the day.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
if
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

I have lifted
הֲנִיפ֣וֹתִי (hă·nî·p̄ō·w·ṯî)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's 5130: To move to and fro, wave, sprinkle

up my hand
יָדִ֑י (yā·ḏî)
Noun - feminine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's 3027: A hand

against
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the fatherless
יָת֣וֹם (yā·ṯō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3490: A bereaved person

because
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

I saw
אֶרְאֶ֥ה (’er·’eh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's 7200: To see

that I had support
עֶזְרָתִֽי׃ (‘ez·rā·ṯî)
Noun - feminine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's 5833: Help, helper, assistance

in the gate,
בַ֝שַּׁ֗עַר (ḇaš·ša·‘ar)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 8179: An opening, door, gate


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OT Poetry: Job 31:21 If I have lifted up my hand (Jb)
Job 31:20
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