Psalm 95:10
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New International Version
For forty years I was angry with that generation; I said, 'They are a people whose hearts go astray, and they have not known my ways.'

King James Bible
Forty years long was I grieved with this generation, and said, It is a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways:

Darby Bible Translation
Forty years was I grieved with the generation, and said, It is a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways;

World English Bible
Forty long years I was grieved with that generation, and said, "It is a people that errs in their heart. They have not known my ways."

Young's Literal Translation
Forty years I am weary of the generation, And I say, 'A people erring in heart -- they! And they have not known My ways:'

Psalm 95:10 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Forty years long - They did nothing but murmur, disbelieve, and rebel, from the time they began their journey at the Red Sea till they passed over Jordan, a period of forty years. During all this time God was grieved by that generation; yet he seldom showed forth that judgment which they most righteously had deserved.

It is a people that do err in their heart - Or, according to the Chaldee, These are a people whose idols are in their hearts. At any rate they had not God there.

They have not known my ways - The verb ידע yada, to know, is used here, as in many other parts of Scripture, to express approbation. They knew God's ways well enough; but they did not like them; and would not walk in them. "These wretched men," says the old Psalter, "were gifnen to the lufe of this lyfe: knewe noght my ways of mekenes, and charlte: for thi in my wreth I sware to thaim; that es, I sett stabely that if that sall entre in till my rest;" that is, they shall not enter into my rest.

This ungrateful people did not approve of God's ways - they did not enter into his designs - they did not conform to his commands - they paid no attention to his miracles - and did not acknowledge the benefits which they received from his hands; therefore God determined that they should not enter into the rest which he had promised to them on condition that, if they were obedient, they should inherit the promised land. So none of those who came out of Egypt, except Joshua and Caleb, entered into Canaan; all the rest died in the wilderness, wherein, because of their disobedience, God caused them to wander forty years.

It is well known that the land of Canaan was a type of heaven, where, after all his toils, the good and faithful servant is to enter into the joy of his Lord. And as those Israelites in the wilderness were not permitted to enter into the land of Canaan because of their unbelief, their distrust of God's providence, and consequent disobedience, St. Paul hence takes occasion to exhort the Jews, Hebrews 4:2-11, to accept readily the terms offered to them by the Gospel. He shows that the words of the present Psalm are applicable to the state of Christianity; and intimates to them that, if they persisted in obstinate refusal of those gracious offers, they likewise would fall according to the same example of unbelief - Dodd.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Numbers 14:33,34 And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear your prostitutions...

Numbers 32:13 And the LORD's anger was kindled against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation...

Deuteronomy 1:3 And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month...

Deuteronomy 2:14-16 And the space in which we came from Kadeshbarnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, was thirty and eight years...

Hebrews 3:9,10,17 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years...


Genesis 6:6 And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.

Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed to the day of redemption.


Isaiah 63:17 O LORD, why have you made us to err from your ways, and hardened our heart from your fear? Return for your servants' sake...

Hebrews 3:10,17 Why I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do always err in their heart; and they have not known my ways...

and they

Proverbs 1:7,22-29 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction...

Jeremiah 9:6 Your habitation is in the middle of deceit; through deceit they refuse to know me, said the LORD.

John 3:19-21 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light...

Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind...

Covenanting According to the Purposes of God.
Since every revealed purpose of God, implying that obedience to his law will be given, is a demand of that obedience, the announcement of his Covenant, as in his sovereignty decreed, claims, not less effectively than an explicit law, the fulfilment of its duties. A representation of a system of things pre-determined in order that the obligations of the Covenant might be discharged; various exhibitions of the Covenant as ordained; and a description of the children of the Covenant as predestinated
John Cunningham—The Ordinance of Covenanting

Covenanting a Duty.
The exercise of Covenanting with God is enjoined by Him as the Supreme Moral Governor of all. That his Covenant should be acceded to, by men in every age and condition, is ordained as a law, sanctioned by his high authority,--recorded in his law of perpetual moral obligation on men, as a statute decreed by him, and in virtue of his underived sovereignty, promulgated by his command. "He hath commanded his covenant for ever."[171] The exercise is inculcated according to the will of God, as King and
John Cunningham—The Ordinance of Covenanting

The piety of the Old Testament Church is reflected with more clearness and variety in the Psalter than in any other book of the Old Testament. It constitutes the response of the Church to the divine demands of prophecy, and, in a less degree, of law; or, rather, it expresses those emotions and aspirations of the universal heart which lie deeper than any formal demand. It is the speech of the soul face to face with God. Its words are as simple and unaffected as human words can be, for it is the genius
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Acts 7:36
He led them out of Egypt and performed wonders and signs in Egypt, at the Red Sea and for forty years in the wilderness.

Acts 13:18
for about forty years he endured their conduct in the wilderness;

Hebrews 3:10
That is why I was angry with that generation; I said, 'Their hearts are always going astray, and they have not known my ways.'

Hebrews 3:17
And with whom was he angry for forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose bodies perished in the wilderness?

Nehemiah 9:30
For many years you were patient with them. By your Spirit you warned them through your prophets. Yet they paid no attention, so you gave them into the hands of the neighboring peoples.

Psalm 78:40
How often they rebelled against him in the wilderness and grieved him in the wasteland!

Isaiah 43:24
You have not bought any fragrant calamus for me, or lavished on me the fat of your sacrifices. But you have burdened me with your sins and wearied me with your offenses.

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