Song of Solomon 4:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Awake, north wind, and come, south wind! Blow on my garden, that its fragrance may spread everywhere. Let my beloved come into his garden and taste its choice fruits.

King James Bible
Awake, O north wind; and come, thou south; blow upon my garden, that the spices thereof may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden, and eat his pleasant fruits.

Darby Bible Translation
Awake, north wind, and come, [thou] south; Blow upon my garden, [that] the spices thereof may flow forth. Let my beloved come into his garden, And eat its precious fruits.

World English Bible
Awake, north wind; and come, you south! Blow on my garden, that its spices may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden, and taste his precious fruits. Lover

Young's Literal Translation
Awake, O north wind, and come, O south, Cause my garden to breathe forth, its spices let flow, Let my beloved come to his garden, And eat its pleasant fruits!

Song of Solomon 4:16 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

A fountain of gardens - Perhaps גנים gannim, "gardens," was originally ציים chaiyim, "lives," a living fountain, a continual spring. See Houbigant. But this is expressed afterwards; though there would be nothing improper in saying, "a living fountain, a well of living waters, and streams from Mount Lebanon." A fountain of gardens may mean one so abundant as to be sufficient to supply nany gardens, to water many plots of ground, an exuberant fountain. This is the allusion; the reference is plain enough.

Awake, O north wind; and come, thou south - It is granted that the south wind in Palestine, in the summer, is extremely hot and troublesome; therefore, another interpretation of this passage has been proposed by Mr. Harmer; who thinks בואי boi, which we render come, signifies enter into thy repositories; and, therefore, supposes the true interpretation of the words to be as follows: "Arise, thou north wind, (and retire, thou south), blow upon my garden; let the spices thereof flow forth, that my beloved may come into his garden, invited by the coolness and fragrancy of the air, and may eat his pleasant fruits; for, if the south wind blow, the excessive heat will forbid his taking the air, and oblige him to shut close the doors and windows of his apartments." Others think that he wishes the winds from all directions to carry throughout the land the fume of his spices, virtue, and perfections.

Let my beloved come into his garden - This is the invitation of the bride: and if we look not for far-fetched meanings, the sense is sufficiently evident. But commentators on this song sometimes take a literal sense where the metaphor is evident; at other times they build an allegory upon a metaphor. The Gitagovinda has an elegant passage similar to this. See the place, Part VII, beginning with Enter, sweet Radha.

The whole of this chapter is considered to be unconnected with any particular time of the marriage ceremonies.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Songs 1:4 Draw me, we will run after you: the king has brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in you...

Ecclesiastes 1:6 The wind goes toward the south, and turns about to the north; it whirls about continually...

Isaiah 51:9-11 Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the LORD; awake, as in the ancient days, in the generations of old...

Isaiah 64:1 Oh that you would rend the heavens, that you would come down, that the mountains might flow down at your presence,

Ezekiel 37:9 Then said he to me, Prophesy to the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus said the Lord GOD; Come from the four winds...

John 3:8 The wind blows where it wants, and you hear the sound thereof, but can not tell from where it comes, and where it goes...

Acts 2:1,2 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place...

Acts 4:31 And when they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost...

the spices

Songs 4:13,14 Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard...

Songs 7:12,13 Let us get up early to the vineyards; let us see if the vine flourish, whether the tender grape appear, and the pomegranates bud forth...

2 Corinthians 9:10-15 Now he that ministers seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown...

Philippians 1:9-11 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and in all judgment...

Colossians 1:9-12 For this cause we also, since the day we heard it, do not cease to pray for you...

1 Thessalonians 2:12,13 That you would walk worthy of God, who has called you to his kingdom and glory...

Hebrews 13:20,21 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep...

2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen.


Songs 5:1 I am come into my garden, my sister, my spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey...

Songs 8:12 My vineyard, which is mine, is before me: you, O Solomon, must have a thousand, and those that keep the fruit thereof two hundred.

Matthew 26:10,12 When Jesus understood it, he said to them, Why trouble you the woman? for she has worked a good work on me...

John 5:8 Jesus said to him, Rise, take up your bed, and walk.

Romans 15:16,28 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God...

1 Peter 2:5,9,10 You also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices...

Song of Songs
The contents of this book justify the description of it in the title, i. 1, as the "loveliest song"--for that is the meaning of the Hebrew idiom "song of songs." It abounds in poetical gems of the purest ray. It breathes the bracing air of the hill country, and the passionate love of man for woman and woman for man. It is a revelation of the keen Hebrew delight in nature, in her vineyards and pastures, flowers and fruit trees, in her doves and deer and sheep and goats. It is a song tremulous from
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

What is Meant by "Altogether Lovely"
Let us consider this excellent expression, and particularly reflect on what is contained in it, and you shall find this expression "altogether lovely." First, It excludes all unloveliness and disagreeableness from Jesus Christ. As a theologian long ago said, "There is nothing in him which is not loveable." The excellencies of Jesus Christ are perfectly exclusive of all their opposites; there is nothing of a contrary property or quality found in him to contaminate or devaluate his excellency. And
John Flavel—Christ Altogether Lovely

Cross References
Ecclesiastes 2:5
I made gardens and parks and planted all kinds of fruit trees in them.

Song of Solomon 1:13
My beloved is to me a sachet of myrrh resting between my breasts.

Song of Solomon 2:3
Like an apple tree among the trees of the forest is my beloved among the young men. I delight to sit in his shade, and his fruit is sweet to my taste.

Song of Solomon 2:8
Listen! My beloved! Look! Here he comes, leaping across the mountains, bounding over the hills.

Song of Solomon 4:13
Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates with choice fruits, with henna and nard,

Song of Solomon 5:1
I have come into my garden, my sister, my bride; I have gathered my myrrh with my spice. I have eaten my honeycomb and my honey; I have drunk my wine and my milk. Friends Eat, friends, and drink; drink your fill of love.

Song of Solomon 6:2
My beloved has gone down to his garden, to the beds of spices, to browse in the gardens and to gather lilies.

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