Meanwhile, Shechem's father Hamor came to speak with Jacob.
prince who has been lifted by the grace of God out of the humiliation of his fear and shame to the height of his favor at the throne of the Most High now reveals his princely power. He takes captive Esau's heart; he blesses him in the name of God, he bestows his gifts upon him. Notice the fruits of Divine discipline in the patriarch.
I. THE THEOCRATIC FEELING IS ALIVE IN JACOB'S HEART. He puts the handmaids first, Leah next, Rachel and Joseph hindermost. He placed them in the order of his own affection; but it represented also the Divine order, for it was in Joseph that the kingdom of God was about to be especially manifested. I have seen thy face," he said to Esau, "as though I had seen the face of God." He saw the favor of God going on before him, and like the sunshine it rested on the face of the enemy, and cast out the darkness and turned it into light.
II. Jacob's entire STEADFASTNESS AS A SERVANT OF GOD and believer in the covenant. Seen in his refusal to mingle his family and people with those of Esau.
III. SPECIAL GRACE MEETS THE TRUE SERVANT. " Succoth is better than Seir;" and it is on the way to "Shalom, peace. There it is that the patriarch finds rest, and builds an altar, calling it " El-elohe-Israel." Not merely an altar to God, but to him who had revealed himself as the faithful God, the God of Israel, the God of his people. - R.
They slew Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah out of Shechem's house.I. IT WAS PROMPTED BY A FEELING OF VENGEANCE AGAINST THE DOER OF A GROSS MORAL WRONG.
II. IT WAS A GRIEVOUS SIN.
1. Unjust and cruel. The punishment was far in excess of the fault, and the innocent were made to suffer with the guilty.
2. IT was committed under the hypocritical pretence of religion.
3. It was perilous to the true interests of the kingdom of God (ver. 30).
(T. H. Leale.)
1. By the vilest hypocrisy. They pretended to have scruples of conscience about connecting themselves with persons who were uncircumcised.
2. By the grossest profaneness. They knew that if the Shechemites were persuaded to submit to circumcision it would be a mere form, leaving them as to their relation to God just where they were before. They propose that the males should receive the seal of God's holy covenant, not in order to obtain any spiritual benefit, but solely with a view to carnal gratification.
3. It was conceived in the spirit of the most savage cruelty. What amazing depravity does it argue, first to form such a horrid purpose, and then to cover it with the cloak of religion.
2. Grief is a duty for evil done to, or by, any of our relations.
3. Anger against sin committed is but due, if it be expressed orderly.
4. Men, though in the Church, are apt to be transported in wrath beyond bounds.
5. Uncleanness acted is the greatest folly that can be expressed (Proverbs 7:22).
6. Pollution of any members in the Church of God is an aggravated folly.
7. Jacob's daughter to be defiled; it is a sad and grievous reproach.
8. The law of God expressly forbids such unclean actings. Therefore are they exceeding sinful in the Church (ver. 7).
(G. Hughes, B. D.)1. Sinful indulgent parents cover the foul enormities of rebellious children with fair pretences.
2. Wicked offenders love to be silent as to the confession of their villanies.
3. Lustful love is given out with the very soul, and may continue after violence done, the object abiding.
4. Injurious, violent men may entreat compliance with the afflicted and oppressed ones.
5. Marriage may be desired by wicked adulterers to hide their uncleanness (ver. 8).
6. General overtures of kindness may be made by wicked men of power for their special ends.
7. The world have desired affinity with the Church of God upon design (ver. 9).
8. Worldly powers may court the pilgrim Church to sit down with them for their own advantage.
9. Territories of princes are opened to the sons of the Church to engage them to evil.
10. Free trade, commerce, and possessions, are the baits wherewith worldly powers allure God's servants unto their lusts.
11. Kingdoms and all will lust, part with all, to enjoy its pleasure (ver. 10). So Herod (Mark 6:22, 23).
(G. Hughes, B. D.)1. Lustful men may crouch to such as they have offended to get favour from them.
2. Lust is willing to buy out favour where it hath provoked (ver. 11).
3. Lust maketh men profuse and prodigal to have their pleasure, though to their own undoing.
4. Lustful creatures would buy out their offences, though not confess or bemoan them.
5. Lust agreeth to give men their demands that it may enjoy its own.
6. Lust acquiesceth only in the enjoyment of its desired evil (ver. 12).
(G. Hughes, B. D.)1. Overflowing sorrows may cause wise and good fathers to entrust young children too much with great affairs.
2. Management of such great affairs wants good success usually, because acted by such hands.
3. Brethren under fathers may have a right as to disposing their sisters, wherein they may give counsel.
4. The sons of Jacob may be guileful, though he be plain.
5. Corruption and thoughts of revenge may move the sons of the Church to deal deceitfully (ver. 13).
6. The children of the Church cannot do justly what God forbids them.
7. It is unlawful for Church members to mingle themselves in marriages with God's enemies (1 Corinthians 7:39).
8. It is a reproach unto the Church to act contrary to God's ordinances.
9. The sons of the Church may urge God's truths to wicked purposes (ver. 14).
10. Visible professors in the Church may wickedly offer God's sacraments to be vilified by men.
11. Church-members may possibly err in annexing God's seals to men's covenants.
12. Hypocrisy makes religion a cloak to iniquity.
13. Foolish men may consent to what God forbids for their wicked ends (ver. 15).
14. Marriages between the Church and God's enemies hypocrites may admit upon design.
15. Wickedness may persuade men of the Church to become one people with the world (ver. 16).
16. Hypocrisy seems resolute to take its course where its conditions are refused.
17. Subtilty suggests men's denials and departure to make adversaries follow after them (ver. 17).
(G. Hughes, B. D.)1. Sinful lust maketh like father like son.
2. Lust is pleased with the hardest terms for self-enjoyment.
3. Lust makes men yield to their own ruin without deliberation. The greatest evil seemeth good (ver. 18).
(G. Hughes, B. D.)1. Childish fools hasten to the stocks and slaughter, and consider it not.
2. Lust needs no spurs, but hastes all it may to enjoy its pleasure.
3. Lust made honourable in persons, becomes most exemplary to lead others into the snare (ver. 19).
(G. Hughes, B. D.)1. Lustful rulers bring all under them into evils with themselves.
2. Judicatures, or gates of cities, are perverted and seduced by wicked rulers; they are made places to plead for lust.
3. Evil rulers use their tongues and speeches to deceive their people (ver. 20).
4. Lust will commend any by whom it may be gratified, though it find the contrary.
5. Self-seeking princes will persuade people to anything for their own ends.
6. Wicked powers pretend lawful affinity to be made when they aim at sinful lust (ver. 21).
7. Lustful rulers do not only submit to hard conditions themselves, but press them on their people.
8. Lust is content to symbolize in the hardest duty external of religion, to enjoy its desire.
9. Lust desires to unite with any people who gratify its desires (ver. 22).
10. Pretence of gain, and spoil, and advantage, is a fit bait to bring seduced souls to consent to lust.
11. Rulers in sin will never leave until they bring their people to consent with them to evil (ver. 23).
(G. Hughes, B. D.)1. Wicked people easily yield to wicked rulers to gratify their lusts.
2. It is usual for all to follow the example of rulers to sin.
3. Universal consent in evil is permitted where universal destruction is intended (ver. 24).
(G. Hughes, B. D.)1. Treachery and cruelty watch their season exactly to effect their designs.
2. Guileful cruelty hath its method first to weaken men and then to kill them.
3. Anger and revenge ordered under Providence may make two prevail against thousands.
4. Corrupt nature meditates revenge to vindicate injury done unto relations.
5. Reverge goeth armed with instruments of cruelty to execute its designs.
6. Cruelty, uncontrolled by God, goeth out with security and confidence to ruin cities.
7. Bloody revenge spareth none that either have provoked, or may resist it.
8. God sometimes suffers ruin to befall subjects when they comply with rulers' sins (ver. 25).
9. Exemplary destruction for rapes God orders upon father and son, sometimes even by wicked hands.
10. Ordinances of God abused to men's base ends, are made means to their own destruction.
11. Revenge is not quiet until it obtain its mark and carry back its desire (ver. 26).
12. A few revengeful spirits are apt to gather many unto them.
13. Bloody minds are covetous as cruel, set upon spoil.
14. Injury and provocation is usually urged by oppressing spoilers as just ground for their actings (ver. 27).
15. Rapine of goods God sometimes orders to avenge ravishing of innocents.
16. Unsatiable is covetous revenge when it comes to spoil at its will (ver. 28).
17. Revenge spareth neither sex nor age under its power.
18. Wealth within doors, as without the sword, takes up when it hath commission (ver. 29).
(G. Hughes, B. D.)1. Gracious parents are justly angry with the sins of ungracious children, and should express it.
2. The chiefest leaders into sin should chiefly be set upon in angry reproof.
3. Sins of wicked children cannot but trouble and vex the spirits of gracious parents.
4. Horrid enormities of sons may bring all vexation and trouble upon parents.
5. Sin, wherever it is, makes an ill savour, a filthy stink.
6. Children's sins often make their parents stink in the nostrils of men.
7. Notorious crimes in the members of the Church make the best of men stink in the world.
8. Guilt in persons, families, and Church, giveth just cause to fear dangers from God's hand.
9. Little strength in the arm of flesh is an occasion of fear to saints in respect of great enemies.
10. The combination of the wicked against the Church, provoked by its members, is a just ground for fear.
11. The strokes of the wicked unto death may be terrible unto God's servants.
12. Destruction, usually sought by the wicked to the whole Church, may terrify the members of it.
13. Fear of danger may arise, under the promise of God's protection, when souls obey not God (ver. 30).
14. Outrageous spirits, though sons, regard not the honour of parents or God in their returns and replies to them.
15. Revenge seeks to justify outrage by pretence of sin, though men are not called to it.
16. Stupration of innocents hath exemplary returns of judgment from God.
17. Crimes of Church members are recorded for the Church's instruction (ver. 31).
(G. Hughes, B. D.)The second mischief and miscarriage in Jacob's house was the massacre made upon the city Shechem, wherein Dinah had been deflowered, by his two sons, Simeon and Levi. This followed the first mischief, as the effect doth the cause, and as the thread doth the needle. This punishment is —
3. Executed.(1) For this intolerable affront done to this honourable family, wherein are considerable. —(2) The inducement to; and(3) the opportunity for some revenge.
(a) (b) (C. Ness.) (Moral and Religious Anecdotes.).
(b) (C. Ness.) (Moral and Religious Anecdotes.).
(Moral and Religious Anecdotes.).