1 Chronicles 3:9
New International Version
All these were the sons of David, besides his sons by his concubines. And Tamar was their sister.

New Living Translation
These were the sons of David, not including his sons born to his concubines. Their sister was named Tamar.

English Standard Version
All these were David’s sons, besides the sons of the concubines, and Tamar was their sister.

Berean Study Bible
These were all the sons of David, besides the sons by his concubines. And Tamar was their sister.

King James Bible
These were all the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines, and Tamar their sister.

New King James Version
These were all the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines, and Tamar their sister.

New American Standard Bible
All of these were the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines; and Tamar was their sister.

NASB 1995
All these were the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines; and Tamar was their sister.

NASB 1977
All these were the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines; and Tamar was their sister.

Amplified Bible
All these were the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines; and Tamar was their sister.

Christian Standard Bible
These were all David’s sons, with their sister Tamar, in addition to the sons by his concubines.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These were all David's sons, with their sister Tamar, in addition to the sons by his concubines.

American Standard Version
All these were the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines; and Tamar was their sister.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
These are all the sons of David, and Tamar was their sister.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
All these were the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines, and there was also Themar their sister.

Contemporary English Version
David's other wives also gave birth to sons. Tamar was his daughter.

Douay-Rheims Bible
All these the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines: and they had a sister Thamar.

English Revised Version
All these were the sons of David; beside the sons of the concubines; and Tamar was their sister.

Good News Translation
In addition to all these sons, David had sons by his concubines. He also had a daughter, Tamar.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
All of these were David's sons. Besides these, there were the sons of the concubines. Tamar was their sister.

International Standard Version
All these were David's sons, besides children born to his mistresses. Tamar was their sister.

JPS Tanakh 1917
All these were the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines; and Tamar was their sister.

Literal Standard Version
All [are] sons of David, apart from sons of the concubines, and their sister Tamar.

NET Bible
These were all the sons of David, not counting the sons of his concubines. Tamar was their sister.

New Heart English Bible
All these were the sons of David, besides the sons of the secondary wives; and Tamar was their sister.

World English Bible
All these were the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines; and Tamar was their sister.

Young's Literal Translation
All are sons of David, apart from sons of the concubines, and Tamar their sister.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Descendants of David
8Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet—nine in all. 9These were all the sons of David, besides the sons by his concubines. And Tamar was their sister.

Cross References
2 Samuel 5:13
After he had arrived from Hebron, David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem, and more sons and daughters were born to him.

2 Samuel 13:1
After some time, David's son Amnon fell in love with Tamar, the beautiful sister of David's son Absalom.

1 Chronicles 3:8
Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet--nine in all.

1 Chronicles 3:10
Solomon's son was Rehoboam: Abijah was his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son,


Treasury of Scripture

These were all the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines, and Tamar their sister.

of the concubines.

2 Samuel 5:13
And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.

Tamar.

2 Samuel 13:1-20
And it came to pass after this, that Absalom the son of David had a fair sister, whose name was Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved her…









(9) Sons of the concubines.--David's concubines (pilagshim, ???????) are mentioned several times in Samuel (e.g., 2Samuel 12:11), but their sons here only. However repugnant to modern ideas, it was and is part of the state of an Oriental potentate to possess a harem of many wives.

And Tamar (was) their sister.--Not the only one, but the sister whose unhappy fate had made her famous (2 Samuel 13).

A comparison of the above lists of David's sons with the parallels in Sam. makes it improbable that they were drawn from that source; for (1) the Hebrew text of the chronicle appears, in this instance, to be quite as original as that of Samuel; (2) Some of the names differ, without our being able to pronounce in favour of one or the other text; (3) The form of the lists is different, especially that of the second. The chronicler alone gives the number of the four and nine sons, assigning the former to "Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel," and arranging the latter in three triads. 1Chronicles 3:9 also is wanting in Samuel.

Verse 9. - This verse plainly adds concubines, perhaps the ten spoken of in 2 Samuel 15:16, to the number of the mothers of the foregoing sons. The mention of only one daughter of David, viz. Tamar, follows the manifest ordinary rule, that daughters are not recorded at all, except for one of two reasons - either that through a daughter the line was saved, or that the daughter had from some special reason made a place for herself in history.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
These were all
כֹּ֖ל (kōl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the sons
בְּנֵ֣י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of David,
דָוִ֑יד (ḏā·wîḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

besides
מִלְּבַ֥ד (mil·lə·ḇaḏ)
Preposition-m, Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 905: Separation, a part of the body, branch of a, tree, bar for, carrying, chief of

the sons
בְּֽנֵי־ (bə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

by his concubines.
פִֽילַגְשִׁ֖ים (p̄î·laḡ·šîm)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 6370: A concubine, a paramour

And Tamar
וְתָמָ֥ר (wə·ṯā·mār)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 8559: Tamar -- daughter-in-law of Judah, also two Israelite women, also a place South of the Dead Sea

[was] their sister.
אֲחוֹתָֽם׃ (’ă·ḥō·w·ṯām)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 269: Sister -- a sister


Jump to Previous
Addition Apart Besides Concubines David David's Servant-Wives Sister Tamar
Jump to Next
Addition Apart Besides Concubines David David's Servant-Wives Sister Tamar
Links
1 Chronicles 3:9 NIV
1 Chronicles 3:9 NLT
1 Chronicles 3:9 ESV
1 Chronicles 3:9 NASB
1 Chronicles 3:9 KJV

1 Chronicles 3:9 BibleApps.com
1 Chronicles 3:9 Biblia Paralela
1 Chronicles 3:9 Chinese Bible
1 Chronicles 3:9 French Bible
1 Chronicles 3:9 Clyx Quotations

OT History: 1 Chronicles 3:9 All these were the sons of David (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
1 Chronicles 3:8
Top of Page
Top of Page