1 Chronicles 4:4
New International Version
Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These were the descendants of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah and father of Bethlehem.

New Living Translation
Penuel (the father of Gedor), and Ezer (the father of Hushah). These were the descendants of Hur (the firstborn of Ephrathah), the ancestor of Bethlehem.

English Standard Version
and Penuel fathered Gedor, and Ezer fathered Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.

Berean Study Bible
Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer was the father of Hushah. These were the descendants of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah and the father of Bethlehem.

King James Bible
And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem.

New King James Version
and Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer was the father of Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah the father of Bethlehem.

New American Standard Bible
Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.

NASB 1995
Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.

NASB 1977
And Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the first-born of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.

Amplified Bible
Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the eldest of Ephrathah (Ephrath), the father of Bethlehem.

Christian Standard Bible
Penuel fathered Gedor, and Ezer fathered Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, Ephrathah’s firstborn and the father of Bethlehem:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Penuel fathered Gedor, and Ezer fathered Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, Ephrathah’s firstborn and the father of Bethlehem:

American Standard Version
and Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the first-born of Ephrathah, the father of Beth-lehem.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Peguyel and Khushiya, and these are the sons of Khur, the firstborn of Aphrath, whose father was from Bayth Lekhem.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Phanuel the father of Gedor, and Jazer the father of Osan: these are the sons of Or, the first-born of Ephratha, the father of Baethalaen.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Phanuel the father of Gedor, and Ezar the father of Hosa, these are the sons of Hur the firstborn of Ephratha the father of Bethlehem.

English Revised Version
and Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Beth-lehem.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer was the father of Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, who first settled Bethlehem.

International Standard Version
Penuel fathered Gedor and Ezer fathered Hushah. These were the descendants of Hur, Ephrathah's firstborn, who fathered Bethlehem:

JPS Tanakh 1917
and Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur the first-born of Ephrath, the father of Beth-lehem.

Literal Standard Version
and Penuel [is] father of Gedor, and Ezer father of Hushah. These [are] sons of Hur, firstborn of Ephratah, father of Beth-Lehem.

NET Bible
Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer was the father of Hushah. These were the descendants of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah and the father of Bethlehem.

New Heart English Bible
and Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.

World English Bible
and Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.

Young's Literal Translation
and Penuel is father of Gedor, and Ezer father of Hushah. These are sons of Hur, first-born of Ephratah, father of Beth-Lehem.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Other Descendants of Judah
3These were the sons of Etam: Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash. And their sister was named Hazzelelponi. 4Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer was the father of Hushah. These were the descendants of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah and the father of Bethlehem. 5Ashhur the father of Tekoa had two wives, Helah and Naarah.…

Cross References
Ruth 4:11
"We are witnesses," said the elders and all the people at the gate. "May the LORD make the woman entering your home like Rachel and Leah, who together built up the house of Israel. May you be prosperous in Ephrathah and famous in Bethlehem.

1 Chronicles 4:3
These were the sons of Etam: Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash. And their sister was named Hazzelelponi.

1 Chronicles 4:5
Ashhur the father of Tekoa had two wives, Helah and Naarah.


Treasury of Scripture

And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem.

Gedor.

1 Chronicles 4:18,39
And his wife Jehudijah bare Jered the father of Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. And these are the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took…

Joshua 15:36
And Sharaim, and Adithaim, and Gederah, and Gederothaim; fourteen cities with their villages:

Hur.

1 Chronicles 2:19,50
And when Azubah was dead, Caleb took unto him Ephrath, which bare him Hur…









(4) And Penuel the father of Gedor.--Penuel occurs as a trans-Jordan town in Judges 8:8, and elsewhere. Here a Judean town or clan is meant.

Gedor.--See 1Chronicles 2:51, and Note; Joshua 15:58. Now the ruin called Jedur.

Ezer the father of Hushah.--Ezer occurs as a name of clans and localities, as well as of persons. (Comp. Judges 7:24, Abi-ezri; 1Chronicles 8:2, Abi-ezer; and 1Samuel 4:1, Eben-ezer.) In 1Chronicles 12:9 and Nehemiah 3:19 it is a man's name. . . .

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Penuel
וּפְנוּאֵל֙ (ū·p̄ə·nū·’êl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6439: Penuel -- 'face of God', a place East of the Jordan, also two Israelites

was the father
אֲבִ֣י (’ă·ḇî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1: Father

of Gedor,
גְדֹ֔ר (ḡə·ḏōr)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1446: Gedor -- 'wall', three cities in Israel, also a Benjamite

and Ezer
וְעֵ֖זֶר (wə·‘ê·zer)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 5829: Ezer -- 'help', three Israelites

was the father of
אֲבִ֣י (’ă·ḇî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1: Father

Hushah.
חוּשָׁ֑ה (ḥū·šāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2364: Hushah -- perhaps a place in Judah

These
אֵ֤לֶּה (’êl·leh)
Pronoun - common plural
Strong's 428: These, those

were the descendants
בְנֵי־ (ḇə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Hur,
חוּר֙ (ḥūr)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2354: Hur -- four Israelites, also a Midianite

the firstborn
בְּכ֣וֹר (bə·ḵō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1060: Firstborn, chief

of Ephrath
אֶפְרָ֔תָה (’ep̄·rā·ṯāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 672: Ephrath -- an Israelite woman, also the name of several places in Palestine

and the father
אֲבִ֖י (’ă·ḇî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1: Father

of Bethlehem:
לָֽחֶם׃ (lā·ḥem)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 1035: Bethlehem -- 'place of bread', a city in Judah, also a city in Zebulun


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OT History: 1 Chronicles 4:4 And Penuel the father of Gedor (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
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