1 Samuel 23:18
New International Version
The two of them made a covenant before the LORD. Then Jonathan went home, but David remained at Horesh.

New Living Translation
So the two of them renewed their solemn pact before the LORD. Then Jonathan returned home, while David stayed at Horesh.

English Standard Version
And the two of them made a covenant before the LORD. David remained at Horesh, and Jonathan went home.

Berean Study Bible
So the two of them made a covenant before the LORD. And David remained in Horesh, while Jonathan went home.

King James Bible
And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.

New King James Version
So the two of them made a covenant before the LORD. And David stayed in the woods, and Jonathan went to his own house.

New American Standard Bible
So the two of them made a covenant before the LORD; and David stayed at Horesh, while Jonathan went to his house.

NASB 1995
So the two of them made a covenant before the LORD; and David stayed at Horesh while Jonathan went to his house.

NASB 1977
So the two of them made a covenant before the LORD; and David stayed at Horesh while Jonathan went to his house.

Amplified Bible
So the two of them made a covenant before the LORD; and David stayed [in the woods] at Horesh and Jonathan went to his house.

Christian Standard Bible
Then the two of them made a covenant in the LORD’s presence. Afterward, David remained in Horesh, while Jonathan went home.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the two of them made a covenant in the LORD’s presence. Afterward, David remained in Horesh, while Jonathan went home.

American Standard Version
And they two made a covenant before Jehovah: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they established, both of them, a covenant before LORD JEHOVAH. He situated Cherubim in the low lying country and Yonathan went to his house

Brenton Septuagint Translation
So they both made a covenant before the Lord; and David dwelt in Caene, and Jonathan went to his home.

Contemporary English Version
They both promised the LORD that they would always be loyal to each other. Then Jonathan went home, but David stayed at Horesh.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the two made a covenant before the Lord: and David abode in the wood: but Jonathan returned to his house.

English Revised Version
And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.

Good News Translation
The two of them made a sacred promise of friendship to each other. David stayed at Horesh, and Jonathan went home.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Both of them made a pledge in the LORD's presence. David stayed in Horesh, and Jonathan went home.

International Standard Version
The two of them made a covenant in the LORD's presence. David remained at Horesh while Jonathan went home.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they two made a covenant before the LORD; and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.

Literal Standard Version
And both of them make a covenant before YHWH; and David abides in the forest, and Jonathan has gone to his house.

NET Bible
When the two of them had made a covenant before the LORD, David stayed on at Horesh, but Jonathan went to his house.

New Heart English Bible
They both made a covenant before the LORD: and David stayed at Horesh, and Jonathan went to his house.

World English Bible
They both made a covenant before Yahweh: and David stayed in the woods, and Jonathan went to his house.

Young's Literal Translation
And they make a covenant both of them before Jehovah; and David abideth in the forest, and Jonathan hath gone to his house.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Saul Pursues David
17saying, “Do not be afraid, for my father Saul will never lay a hand on you. And you will be king over Israel, and I will be your second-in-command. Even my father Saul knows this is true.” 18So the two of them made a covenant before the LORD. And David remained in Horesh, while Jonathan went home. 19Then the Ziphites came up to Saul at Gibeah and said, “Is not David hiding among us in the strongholds at Horesh, on the hill of Hachilah south of Jeshimon?…

Cross References
1 Samuel 18:3
Then Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself.

1 Samuel 20:8
Therefore deal faithfully with your servant, for you have brought me into a covenant with you before the LORD. If there is iniquity in me, then kill me yourself; why should you bring me to your father?"

1 Samuel 20:12
and Jonathan said, "By the LORD, the God of Israel, I will sound out my father by this time tomorrow or the next day. If he is favorable toward you, will I not send for you and tell you?

1 Samuel 20:42
And Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace, for the two of us have sworn in the name of the LORD, saying, 'May the LORD be a witness between you and me, and between your descendants and mine forever.'" Then David got up and departed, and Jonathan went back into the city.

2 Samuel 9:1
Then David asked, "Is there anyone left from the house of Saul to whom I can show kindness for the sake of Jonathan?"

2 Samuel 21:7
Now the king spared Mephibosheth son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, because of the oath before the LORD between David and Jonathan son of Saul.


Treasury of Scripture

And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David stayed in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.

1 Samuel 18:3
Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.

1 Samuel 20:12-17,42
And Jonathan said unto David, O LORD God of Israel, when I have sounded my father about to morrow any time, or the third day, and, behold, if there be good toward David, and I then send not unto thee, and shew it thee; …

2 Samuel 9:1
And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, that I may shew him kindness for Jonathan's sake?











Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
So the two
שְׁנֵיהֶ֛ם (šə·nê·hem)
Number - mdc | third person masculine plural
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

of them made
וַיִּכְרְת֧וּ (way·yiḵ·rə·ṯū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 3772: To cut, to destroy, consume, to covenant

a covenant
בְּרִ֖ית (bə·rîṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 1285: A covenant

before
לִפְנֵ֣י (lip̄·nê)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's 6440: The face

the LORD.
יְהוָ֑ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

And David
דָּוִד֙ (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

remained
וַיֵּ֤שֶׁב (way·yê·šeḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

in Horesh,
בַּחֹ֔רְשָׁה (ba·ḥō·rə·šāh)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2793: Horesh -- a forest

while Jonathan
וִיהוֹנָתָ֖ן (wî·hō·w·nā·ṯān)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3083: Jonathan -- 'the LORD has given', the name of a number of Israelites

went
הָלַ֥ךְ (hā·laḵ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1980: To go, come, walk

home.
לְבֵיתֽוֹ׃ (lə·ḇê·ṯōw)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1004: A house


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OT History: 1 Samuel 23:18 They two made a covenant before Yahweh: (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 23:17
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