2 Chronicles 17:19
New International Version
These were the men who served the king, besides those he stationed in the fortified cities throughout Judah.

New Living Translation
These were the troops stationed in Jerusalem to serve the king, besides those Jehoshaphat stationed in the fortified towns throughout Judah.

English Standard Version
These were in the service of the king, besides those whom the king had placed in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

Berean Study Bible
These were the men who served the king, besides those he stationed in the fortified cities throughout Judah.

King James Bible
These waited on the king, beside those whom the king put in the fenced cities throughout all Judah.

New King James Version
These served the king, besides those the king put in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

New American Standard Bible
These are the ones who served the king, apart from those whom the king put in the fortified cities throughout Judah.

NASB 1995
These are they who served the king, apart from those whom the king put in the fortified cities through all Judah.

NASB 1977
These are they who served the king, apart from those whom the king put in the fortified cities through all Judah.

Amplified Bible
These are the ones who were in the service of the king, besides those he had placed in fortified cities throughout Judah.

Christian Standard Bible
These were the ones who served the king, besides those he stationed in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These were the ones who served the king, besides those he stationed in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

American Standard Version
These were they that waited on the king, besides those whom the king put in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
These were all serving King Yehoshaphat, apart from those whom the King authorized in the cities of power in all the land of Yehuda.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
These were the king's servants besides those whom the king put in the strong cities in all Judea.

Contemporary English Version
These were the troops who protected the king in Jerusalem, not counting those he had assigned to the fortified cities throughout the country.

Douay-Rheims Bible
All these were at the hand of the king, beside others, whom he had put in the walled cities, in all Juda.

English Revised Version
These were they that waited on the king, beside those whom the king put in the fenced cities throughout all Judah.

Good News Translation
These soldiers served the king in Jerusalem, and in addition he stationed others in the other fortified cities of Judah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These were the men who served the king in addition to those whom the king put in the fortified cities throughout Judah.

International Standard Version
These men served the king, and there were others whom the king garrisoned inside fortified cities throughout all of Judah.

JPS Tanakh 1917
These were they that waited on the king beside those whom the king put in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

Literal Standard Version
These [are] those serving the king, apart from those whom the king put in the fortress cities in all of Judah.

NET Bible
These were the ones who served the king, besides those whom the king placed in the fortified cities throughout Judah.

New Heart English Bible
These were those who waited on the king, besides those whom the king put in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

World English Bible
These were those who waited on the king, besides those whom the king put in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

Young's Literal Translation
These are those serving the king, apart from those whom the king put in the cities of fortress, in all Judah.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Jehoshaphat Reigns in Judah
18and next to him, Jehozabad, and with him 180,000 armed for battle. 19These were the men who served the king, besides those he stationed in the fortified cities throughout Judah.

Cross References
2 Chronicles 17:2
He stationed troops in every fortified city of Judah and put garrisons in the land of Judah and in the cities of Ephraim that his father Asa had captured.

2 Chronicles 17:18
and next to him, Jehozabad, and with him 180,000 armed for battle.


Treasury of Scripture

These waited on the king, beside those whom the king put in the fenced cities throughout all Judah.

put in

2 Chronicles 17:2,12
And he placed forces in all the fenced cities of Judah, and set garrisons in the land of Judah, and in the cities of Ephraim, which Asa his father had taken…

2 Chronicles 11:12,23
And in every several city he put shields and spears, and made them exceeding strong, having Judah and Benjamin on his side…









(19) These waited on the king.--Rather, these are they that ministered unto the king, viz., the five generals above named.

Beside those whom the king put in the fenced cities--i.e., the commandants of the fortresses of the kingdom (2Chronicles 11:11; 2Chronicles 11:23). These latter, as well as the generals of the forces, are called the king's "ministers" (m?sh?r?thim)--a word which is not used of service in the field, but implies their presence at court ("in Jerusalem," 2Chronicles 17:13, as the royal staff).

According to the above list, the army of Jehoshaphat was organised in five grand divisions, corresponding perhaps to five territorial divisions of the southern kingdom. The totals are the largest assigned to the two tribes anywhere in the Old Testament; viz., Judah 780,000, and Benjamin 380,000; in all, 1,160,000. At David's census Judah had 500,000 warriors (2Samuel 24:9); and Israel 800,000. Again, in 2Chronicles 14:8, Asa's army consists of 300,000 men of Judah and 280,000 Benjaminites: clearly such an increase as our text indicates is unaccountable. At the same time, it is equally clear that the present numbers are not fortuitous results of clerical errors, for they follow each other in the order of relative strength: Judah, 300,000, 280,000, 200,000; Benjamin, 200,000, 180,000; and they are evidently not independent of the estimates of 2Chronicles 14:8 above quoted. . . .

Verse 19. - These waited; Hebrew, הַמְשָׁרְתִים, plur. piel part. of שָׁרַת. The verse states that this enormous fivefold army, with its five princes (counting, in our corrupt text, one million one hundred and sixty thousand), was the king's Jerusalem standing army, while other separate regiments or bands of troops were spread through all Judah, where they might be most needed for defence.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
These were the men
אֵ֖לֶּה (’êl·leh)
Pronoun - common plural
Strong's 428: These, those

who served
הַמְשָׁרְתִ֣ים (ham·šā·rə·ṯîm)
Article | Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's 8334: To attend as a, menial, worshipper, to contribute to

the king,
הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ (ham·me·leḵ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4428: A king

besides
מִלְּבַ֞ד (mil·lə·ḇaḏ)
Preposition-m, Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 905: Separation, a part of the body, branch of a, tree, bar for, carrying, chief of

those
אֲשֶׁר־ (’ă·šer-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

he
הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ (ham·me·leḵ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4428: A king

stationed
נָתַ֥ן (nā·ṯan)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

in the fortified
הַמִּבְצָ֖ר (ham·miḇ·ṣār)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4013: A fortification, castle, fortified city, a defender

cities
בְּעָרֵ֥י (bə·‘ā·rê)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's 5892: Excitement

throughout
בְּכָל־ (bə·ḵāl)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

Judah.
יְהוּדָֽה׃ (yə·hū·ḏāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3063: Judah -- 'praised', a son of Jacob, also the southern kingdom, also four Israelites


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OT History: 2 Chronicles 17:19 These were those who waited (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr)
2 Chronicles 17:18
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