Deuteronomy 30:16
In that I command you this day to love the LORD your God, to walk in his ways, and to keep his commandments and his statutes and his judgments, that you may live and multiply: and the LORD your God shall bless you in the land where you go to possess it.
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30:15-20 What could be said more moving, and more likely to make deep and lasting impressions? Every man wishes to obtain life and good, and to escape death and evil; he desires happiness, and dreads misery. So great is the compassion of the Lord, that he has favoured men, by his word, with such a knowledge of good and evil as will make them for ever happy, if it be not their own fault. Let us hear the sum of the whole matter. If they and theirs would love God, and serve him, they should live and be happy. If they or theirs should turn from God, desert his service, and worship other gods, that would certainly be their ruin. There never was, since the fall of man, more than one way to heaven; which is marked out in both Testaments, though not with equal clearness. Moses meant that same way of acceptance, which Paul more plainly described; and Paul's words mean the same obedience, on which Moses more fully treated. In both Testaments the good and right way is brought near, and plainly revealed to us.In thy mouth, and in, thy heart - Compare Deuteronomy 6:6; Deuteronomy 11:18-20.De 30:15-20. Death and Life Are Set before the Israelites.

15-20. See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil—the alternative of a good and happy, or a disobedient and miserable life. Love of God and compliance with His will are the only ways of securing the blessings and avoiding the evils described. The choice was left to them, and in urging upon them the inducements to a wise choice, Moses warmed as he proceeded into a tone of solemn and impressive earnestness similar to that of Paul to the elders of Ephesus (Ac 20:26, 27).

No text from Poole on this verse. In that I command thee this day to love the Lord thy God,.... Which is the sum and substance of the first table of the law, and includes the whole worship of God, the contrary to which are idolatry, superstition, and will worship, from which Moses had been dissuading and deterring them:

to walk in his ways; which he has prescribed, as his will to walk in, and his law directs to:

and to keep his commandments, and his statutes, and his judgments; his laws, moral, ceremonial, and judicial, Moses had been repeating and reciting:

that thou mayest live and multiply; live in the land of Canaan, and have a numerous offspring and posterity to succeed and continue in it, which is confirmed by what follows:

and the Lord thy God shall bless thee in the land whither thou goest to possess it; with health and happiness, with an affluence of all good things, in the land of Canaan they were just entering into to take possession of.

In that I command thee this day {m} to love the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, and to keep his commandments and his statutes and his judgments, that thou mayest {n} live and multiply: and the LORD thy God shall bless thee in the land whither thou goest to possess it.

(m) So that to love and obey God, is only life and happiness.

(n) He adds these promises to signify that it is for our profit that we love him, and not for his.

16. The constr. of the Heb. is faulty but may be restored from the LXX thus: If thou hearken to the commandment of the Lord thy God which I command thee (Dillm.). For Deuteronomy 30:16 a see on Deuteronomy 13:4 (5): his commandments (wanting in LXX), Deuteronomy 4:2; statutes and judgements, Deuteronomy 4:1. On 16b, that thou mayest live, cp. Deuteronomy 4:1, Deuteronomy 30:6; on whither thou goest in to possess it (characteristic of the Sg. passages) see Deuteronomy 7:1, for the Pl. synonym see Deuteronomy 6:1.A renewed enforcement of the indispensable condition of salvation.
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