Scofield Reference Notes
And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease.
Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;
The word apostle, = "one sent forth," is used of our Lord Heb 3:1. Elsewhere it is used for the twelve who were called to that office by our Lord during His earth ministry; of Paul, called to the apostleship by the risen and ascended Lord, and of Barnabas Acts 14:14 specially designated by the Holy Spirit Acts 13:2. Of Matthias, chosen by lot by the eleven to take the place of Judas Iscariot, Acts 1:16-26 it is said: "And he was numbered with the eleven." Acts 1:26.
The "signs" of an apostle were
(1) They were chosen directly by the Lord Himself, or, as in the case of Barnabas, by the Holy Spirit Mt 10:1,2 Mk 3:13,14 Lk 6:13 Acts 9:6,15 13:2 22:10,14,15 Rom 1:1
(2) They were endued with sign gifts, miraculous powers which were the divine credentials of their office Mt 10:1 Acts 5:15,16 16:16-18 Mt 28:8,9.
(3) Their relation to the kingdom was that of heralds, announcing to Israel only Mt 10:5,6 the kingdom as at hand. See Scofield Note: "Mt 4:17" and manifesting kingdom powers Mt 10:7,8.
(4) To one of them, Peter, the keys of the kingdom of heaven, viewed as the sphere of Christian profession, as in Mat 13, were given Mt 16:19.
(5) Their future relation to the king will be that of judges over the twelve tribes Mt 19:28.
(6) Consequent upon the rejection of the kingdom, and the revelation of the mystery hid in God Mt 16:18 Eph 3:1-12 the Church, the apostolic office was invested with a new enduement, the baptism with the Holy Spirit Acts 2:1-4 a new power, that of imparting the Spirit to Jewish-Christian believers; a new relation, that of foundation stones of the new temple Eph 2:20-22 and a new function, that of preaching the glad tidings of salvation through a crucified and risen Lord to Jew and gentile alike.
(7) The indispensable qualification of an apostle was that he should have been an eye-witness of the resurrection Acts 1:22 1Cor 9:1.
Margin James son of Zebedee
See Scofield Note: "Mt 4:21".
Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;
Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.
These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not:
The kingdom was promised to the Jews. Gentiles could be blessed only through Christ crucified and risen. Cf. Jn 12:20-24.
But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
Margin lost sheep
Gr. "apollumi." See Scofield Note: "Jn 3:16". Also, Mt 15:24,26 Acts 13:46.
And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand.
Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give.
demons. See Scofield Note: "Mt 7:22".
Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses,
 Provide neither gold
(Cf) Mk 6:8,9 Lk 9:3. The central thought here, urgency, must be kept in mind. The emphasis is upon "provide." Time is not to be taken to search for additional staves or shoes. The disciples were to go in their ordinary sandals, with such staff as they might have, or with none. Cf. Paul, Rom 1:15.
Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat.
And into whatsoever city or town ye shall enter, inquire who in it is worthy; and there abide till ye go thence.
And when ye come into an house, salute it.
And if the house be worthy, let your peace come upon it: but if it be not worthy, let your peace return to you.
And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when ye depart out of that house or city, shake off the dust of your feet.
Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city.
Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves.
The scope of Mt 10:16-23 reaches beyond the personal ministry of the twelve, covering in a general sense the sphere of service during the present age. Mt 10:23 has in view the preaching of the remnant. Isa 1:9. See Scofield Note: "Rom 11:5" in the tribulation Ps 2:5. See Scofield Note: "Rev 7:14". and immediately preceding the return of Christ in glory Dt 30:3 Acts 1:9-11. See Scofield Note: "Acts 1:11". The remnant then will not have gone over the cities of Israel till the Lord comes.
But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues;
And ye shall be brought before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them and the Gentiles.
But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak.
Margin for it shall be given
An instruction to martyrs, not to preachers.
For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.
And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death.
And ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved.
But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come.
Margin Son of man
See Scofield Note: "Mt 8:20".
The disciple is not above his master, nor the servant above his lord.
It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his household?
Beelzebul, title of a heathen deity.
Fear them not therefore: for there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; and hid, that shall not be known.
What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the housetops.
And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
See Scofield Note: "Mt 5:22".
Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father.
But the very hairs of your head are all numbered.
Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows.
Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven.
But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven.
Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.
Cf. Jn 14:27. Peace is spoken of in Scripture in three ways:
(1) "Peace with God" Rom 5:1 this is the work of Christ into which the individual enters by faith Eph 2:14-17 Rom 5:1.
(2) "The peace of God" Phil 4:7 inward peace, the state of soul of that believer who, having entered into peace with God through faith in Christ, has also committed to God through prayer and supplication with thanksgiving all his anxieties Lk 7:50 Phil 4:6.
(3) Peace "on earth" Lk 2:14 Ps 72:7 85:10 Isa 9:6,7 11:1-12 the universal prevalency of peace in the earth under the kingdom. Mt 10:34 was Christ's warning that the truth which He was proclaiming would not bring in the kingdom age of peace, but conflict rather. Jn 14:27.
For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.
And a man's foes shall be they of his own household.
He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.
And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me.
He that findeth his life shall lose it: and he that loseth his life for my sake shall find it.
He that receiveth you receiveth me, and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me.
He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophet's reward; and he that receiveth a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man's reward.
Righteousness. See Scofield Note: "Rom 10:10".
And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward.