Matthew 10:17
New International Version
Be on your guard; you will be handed over to the local councils and be flogged in the synagogues.

New Living Translation
But beware! For you will be handed over to the courts and will be flogged with whips in the synagogues.

English Standard Version
Beware of men, for they will deliver you over to courts and flog you in their synagogues,

Berean Study Bible
But beware of men; for they will hand you over to their councils and flog you in their synagogues.

Berean Literal Bible
But beware of men; for they will deliver you into the courts and they will flog you in their synagogues.

New American Standard Bible
"But beware of men, for they will hand you over to the courts and scourge you in their synagogues;

New King James Version
But beware of men, for they will deliver you up to councils and scourge you in their synagogues.

King James Bible
But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues;

Christian Standard Bible
Beware of them, because they will hand you over to local courts and flog you in their synagogues.

Contemporary English Version
Watch out for people who will take you to court and have you beaten in their synagogues.

Good News Translation
Watch out, for there will be those who will arrest you and take you to court, and they will whip you in the synagogues.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Because people will hand you over to sanhedrins and flog you in their synagogues, beware of them.

International Standard Version
Watch out for people who will hand you over to the local councils and whip you in their synagogues.

NET Bible
Beware of people, because they will hand you over to councils and flog you in their synagogues.

New Heart English Bible
But beware of people: for they will deliver you up to councils, and in their synagogues they will scourge you.

A Faithful Version
But beware of men; for they will deliver you up to councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“But beware of the children of men, for they will deliver you to the courts and they will scourge you in their synagogues.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Watch out for people who will hand you over to the Jewish courts and whip you in their synagogues.

New American Standard 1977
“But beware of men; for they will deliver you up to the courts, and scourge you in their synagogues;

King James 2000 Bible
But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues;

American King James Version
But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will whip you in their synagogues;

American Standard Version
But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to councils, and in theirs synagogues they will scourge you;

Douay-Rheims Bible
But beware of men. For they will deliver you up in councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues.

Darby Bible Translation
But beware of men; for they will deliver you up to sanhedrims, and scourge you in their synagogues;

English Revised Version
But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to councils, and in their synagogues they will scourge you;

Webster's Bible Translation
But beware of men: for they will deliver you to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues.

Weymouth New Testament
But beware of men; for they will deliver you up to appear before Sanhedrins, and will flog you in their synagogues;

World English Bible
But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to councils, and in their synagogues they will scourge you.

Young's Literal Translation
And, take ye heed of men, for they will give you up to sanhedrims, and in their synagogues they will scourge you,
Study Bible
Sheep among Wolves
16Behold, I am sending you out like sheep among wolves; therefore be as shrewd as snakes and as innocent as doves. 17But beware of men; for they will hand you over to their councils and flog you in their synagogues. 18On My account, you will be brought before governors and kings as witnesses to them and to the Gentiles.…
Cross References
Matthew 5:22
But I tell you that anyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to his brother, 'Raca,' will be subject to the Sanhedrin. But anyone who says, 'You fool!' will be subject to the fire of hell.

Matthew 10:18
On My account, you will be brought before governors and kings as witnesses to them and to the Gentiles.

Matthew 23:34
Because of this, I am sending you prophets and wise men and teachers. Some of them you will kill and crucify, and others you will flog in your synagogues and persecute in town after town.

Matthew 24:9
Then they will deliver you over to be persecuted and killed, and you will be hated by all nations on account of My name.

Mark 13:9
So be on your guard. You will be delivered over to the councils and beaten in the synagogues. On My account you will stand before governors and kings as witnesses to them.

Luke 12:11
When you are brought before the synagogues, rulers, and authorities, do not worry about how to defend yourselves or what to say.

Acts 5:40
At this, they yielded to Gamaliel. They called the apostles in and had them flogged. Then they ordered them not to speak in the name of Jesus, and released them.

Acts 9:2
to ask for letters to the synagogues in Damascus, so that if he found any men or women belonging to the Way, he could bring them as prisoners to Jerusalem.

Acts 22:19
Lord,' I answered, 'they know very well that in one synagogue after another I imprisoned and beat those who believed in You.

Acts 26:11
I frequently had them punished in the synagogues and tried to make them blaspheme. In my raging fury against them, I even went to foreign cities to persecute them.

Treasury of Scripture

But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will whip you in their synagogues;

beware.

Micah 7:5
Trust ye not in a friend, put ye not confidence in a guide: keep the doors of thy mouth from her that lieth in thy bosom.

Mark 13:9,12
But take heed to yourselves: for they shall deliver you up to councils; and in the synagogues ye shall be beaten: and ye shall be brought before rulers and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them…

Acts 14:5,6
And when there was an assault made both of the Gentiles, and also of the Jews with their rulers, to use them despitefully, and to stone them, …

for.

Matthew 24:9,10
Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name's sake…

Mark 13:9
But take heed to yourselves: for they shall deliver you up to councils; and in the synagogues ye shall be beaten: and ye shall be brought before rulers and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them.

Luke 12:11
And when they bring you unto the synagogues, and unto magistrates, and powers, take ye no thought how or what thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall say:

councils.

Matthew 5:22
But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.

Matthew 26:59
Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death;

John 11:47
Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do we? for this man doeth many miracles.

scourge.

Matthew 20:19
And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again.

Matthew 23:34
Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city:

Deuteronomy 25:2,3
And it shall be, if the wicked man be worthy to be beaten, that the judge shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his face, according to his fault, by a certain number…









Lexicon
But
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

beware
Προσέχετε (Prosechete)
Verb - Present Imperative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4337: From pros and echo; to hold the mind towards, i.e. Pay attention to, be cautious about, apply oneself to, adhere to.

of
ἀπὸ (apo)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 575: From, away from. A primary particle; 'off, ' i.e. Away, in various senses.

men;
ἀνθρώπων (anthrōpōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 444: A man, one of the human race. From aner and ops; man-faced, i.e. A human being.

for
γὰρ (gar)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1063: For. A primary particle; properly, assigning a reason.

they will hand you over
παραδώσουσιν (paradōsousin)
Verb - Future Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 3860: From para and didomi; to surrender, i.e yield up, intrust, transmit.

to
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

[their] councils
συνέδρια (synedria)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 4892: A council, tribunal; the Sanhedrin, the meeting place of the Sanhedrin.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

flog
μαστιγώσουσιν (mastigōsousin)
Verb - Future Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 3146: To flog, scourge, the victim being strapped to a pole or frame; met: I chastise. From mastix; to flog.

you
ὑμᾶς (hymas)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

their
αὐτῶν (autōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

synagogues.
συναγωγαῖς (synagōgais)
Noun - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 4864: From sunago; an assemblage of persons; specially, a Jewish 'synagogue'; by analogy, a Christian church.
(17) To the councils.--The plural shows that our Lord referred, not to the Great Council or Sanhedrin at Jerusalem, but to the lesser councils connected with provincial synagogues that had power to judge and punish persons accused of offences against religion.

They will scourge you in their synagogues.--The words imply the actual infliction of the punishment within the walls of the building. To us this appears something like desecration, but there is no reason for thinking that it did so to the Jews, and St. Paul's language in Acts 22:19; Acts 26:11, seems to place the fact beyond the shadow of a doubt. The stripes of which the Apostle speaks in 2Corinthians 11:24, were probably thus and there inflicted.

Verse 17. - Vers. 17-22 are remarkable as being practically identical with Mark 13:9-13, to which the parallels are Luke 21:12-19 and Matthew 24:9-14. It is hard to resist the conclusion that St. Matthew

(1) has incorporated into the present address of our Lord's on missionary work warnings actually given in his great address at Jerusalem on the fall of the city and the end of the world; and

(2) to some extent repeats these warnings in their proper place. (For the further parallel of vers. 19, 20 to Luke 12:11, 12, vide in loc.; cf. also the note on "and they will scourge," in this verse.) But beware. Apparently in contrast to being only "dove-like"; but it is no wonder that the connexion with ver. 16 should be rather harsh if the passage be really taken from a later speech ("But take ye heed," etc., Mark 13:9). Of men. Generically (τῶν ἀνθρώπων), regarded as one hostile body (cf. Meyer). The culminating point of that opposition to God which is innate in fallen humanity is found in the deification of the Roman emperors (cf. Bishop Westcott's essay on the Two Empires, § 3, in his Epistles of St. John). For they will deliver you up to the (omit "the," with the Revised Version) councils (εἰς συνέδρια, Matthew 5:22, note); "Synedria, uhi proceres conveniunt; synagogae, ubi etiam populus" (Bengel). And they will scourge you in their synagogues (the order of the words is reversed in the Revised Version). With this compare Matthew 23:34, where our Lord says, "Therefore, behold, I send [ἰδοὺ ἐγὼ ἀποστέλλω: cf. ver. 16, note] unto you prophets.., and some of them ye shall scourge in your synagogues, and (cf. ver. 23, infra) persecute from city to city." Is our present passage a reminiscence of this also? For the fulfilment of this prophecy cf. Acts 22:19 (26:11). Farrar ('St. Paul,' 1. App. 11.) thus summarizes the enactments on Jewish scourging as recorded in the Mishna ('Makkoth'): "Even a single Jewish scourging might well entitle any man to be regarded as a martyr. Thirty-nine blows were inflicted, unless, indeed, it was found that the strength of the patient was too much exhausted to admit of his receiving the full number. Both of his bands were tied to what is sometimes called a column. but which was in reality a stake a cubit and a half high. The public officer then tore down his robe until his breast was laid bare. The executioner stood on a stone behind the criminal. The scourge consisted of two thongs, one of which was composed of four strands of calf's skin, and one or two strands of ass's skin, which passed through a hole in a handle. The executioner, who was ordinarily the Chazzan of the synagogue, could thus shorten or lengthen them at will, so as not to strike too low. The prisoner bent to receive the blows, which were inflicted with one hand, but with all the force of the striker, thirteen on the breast, thirteen on the right and thirteen on the left shoulder. While the punishment was going on, the chief judge read aloud Deuteronomy 28:58, 59, 'If thou wilt not observe to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, the Lord thy God; then the Lord will make thy plagues ["strokes"] wonderful, and the plagues of thy seed.' He then read Deuteronomy 29:9, 'Keep therefore the words of this covenant, and do them, that ye may prosper in all ye do;' and lastly, Psalm 78:38, 39, 'But he, being full of compassion, forgave their iniquity, and destroyed them not: yea, many a time turned he his anger away. and did not stir up all his wrath.' If the punishment was not over by the time that these three passages were read, they were again repeated, and so timed as to end exactly with the punishment itself Meanwhile a second judge numbered the blows, and a third before each blow exclaimed, 'Hakkehu ('strike him') The severity of the pain may best be estimated by the brief addition, ' If the criminal die under the infliction, the executioner is not accounted guilty unless he gives by mistake a single blow too many, in which case he is banished.'"
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