Galatians 2:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Yet because of false brothers secretly brought in—who slipped in to spy out our freedom that we have in Christ Jesus, so that they might bring us into slavery—

King James Bible
And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage:

American Standard Version
and that because of the false brethren privily brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage:

Douay-Rheims Bible
But because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privately to spy our liberty, which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into servitude.

English Revised Version
and that because of the false brethren privily brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage:

Webster's Bible Translation
And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privately to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage:

Weymouth New Testament
Yet there was danger of this through the false brethren secretly introduced into the Church, who had stolen in to spy out the freedom which is ours in Christ Jesus, in order to rob us of it.

Galatians 2:4 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

The false brethren (τοὺς ψευδαδέλφους)

Only here and 2 Corinthians 11:26. Christians in name only; Judaisers; anti-Paulinists. The article marks them as a well known class.

Unawares brought in (παρεισάκτους)

N.T.o. Lit. brought in by the side, and so insidiously, illegally. Vulg. subintroductos. olxx. Strabo (xvii. 1) uses it as an epithet of Ptolemy, "the sneak." Comp. παρεισάξουσιν shall privily bring in, 2 Peter 2:1; and παρεισεδύησαν crept in privily, Jde 1:4. Brought in, not from Jerusalem into the church at Antioch, nor into the Pauline churches generally, but into the Christian brotherhood to which they did not rightfully belong.

Who (οἵτινες)

The double relative introduces the explanation of the two preceding epithets: false brethren, privily brought in, since they came in privily to spy out our liberty.

Came in privily (παρεισῆλθον)

Lit. came in beside. Only here and Romans 5:20, where it implies nothing evil or secret, but merely something subsidiary. The aorist has a pluperfect sense, indication the earlier intrusion of these persons into the Christian community.

To spy out (κατασκοπῆσαι)

N.T.o. In lxx, of spying out a territory, 2 Samuel 10:3; 1 Chronicles 19:3.

Liberty (ἐλευθερίαν)

Freedom from Mosaism through justification by faith.

Bring us into bondage (καταδουλώσουσιν)

Only here and 2 Corinthians 11:20. Bring us into subjection to Jewish ordinances. The compound verb indicates abject subjection.

Galatians 2:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

because.

Galatians 5:10,12 I have confidence in you through the Lord, that you will be none otherwise minded: but he that troubles you shall bear his judgment...

Acts 15:1,24 And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brothers, and said, Except you be circumcised after the manner of Moses...

Acts 20:30 Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.

2 Corinthians 11:13,17,26 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ...

1 John 4:1 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God...

unawares.

2 Timothy 3:6 For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,

2 Peter 2:1,2 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you...

Jude 1:4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men...

liberty.

Galatians 3:23-26 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up to the faith which should afterwards be revealed...

Galatians 5:1,13 Stand fast therefore in the liberty with which Christ has made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage...

Psalm 51:12 Restore to me the joy of your salvation; and uphold me with your free spirit.

Psalm 119:45 And I will walk at liberty: for I seek your precepts.

John 8:31-36 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If you continue in my word, then are you my disciples indeed...

2 Corinthians 3:17 Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

1 Peter 2:16 As free, and not using your liberty for a cloak of maliciousness, but as the servants of God.

2 Peter 2:19 While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome...

bring.

Galatians 4:3,9,10,25 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world...

Isaiah 51:23 But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict you; which have said to your soul, Bow down, that we may go over...

2 Corinthians 11:20 For you suffer, if a man bring you into bondage, if a man devour you, if a man take of you, if a man exalt himself...

Cross References
Acts 15:1
But some men came down from Judea and were teaching the brothers, "Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be saved."

Acts 15:24
Since we have heard that some persons have gone out from us and troubled you with words, unsettling your minds, although we gave them no instructions,

Romans 8:15
For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, "Abba! Father!"

2 Corinthians 11:13
For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ.

2 Corinthians 11:20
For you bear it if someone makes slaves of you, or devours you, or takes advantage of you, or puts on airs, or strikes you in the face.

2 Corinthians 11:26
on frequent journeys, in danger from rivers, danger from robbers, danger from my own people, danger from Gentiles, danger in the city, danger in the wilderness, danger at sea, danger from false brothers;

Galatians 1:7
not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble you and want to distort the gospel of Christ.

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