Jeremiah 20:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
because he did not kill me in the womb; so my mother would have been my grave, and her womb forever great.

King James Bible
Because he slew me not from the womb; or that my mother might have been my grave, and her womb to be always great with me.

American Standard Version
because he slew me not from the womb; and so my mother would have been my grave, and her womb always great.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who slew me not from the womb, that my mother might have been my grave, and her womb an everlasting conception.

English Revised Version
because he slew me not from the womb; and so my mother should have been my grave, and her womb always great.

Webster's Bible Translation
Because he slew me not at my birth; or that my mother might have been my grave, and she had not been delivered.

Jeremiah 20:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Jeremiah 20:10 gives the reason for the resolution, adopted but not carried out, of speaking no more in the name of the Lord. This was found in the reports that reached his ears of schemes against his life. The first clause is a verbal quotation from Psalm 31:14, a lament of David in the time of Saul's persecutions. דּבּה, base, backbiting slander. The phrase: Fear round about, indicates, in the form of a brief popular saying, the dangerous case in which the prophet was,

(Note: Hupfeld on Psalm 31:14 holds מגור מסּביב to be a proverbial expression for a harassed condition, full of terrors, since the phrase is frequently used by Jeremiah (besides the present Jeremiah 20:3, Jeremiah 20:4, and Jeremiah 20:15, it is at Jeremiah 6:25; Jeremiah 46:5; Jeremiah 49:29; Lamentations 2:22). The use made of it in v. 3 would in that case be easily understood. For we cannot infer, as Ng. would do, that Jeremiah must have formed the phrase himself, from the fact that, except in Psalm 31:14, it is nowhere found but in Jeremiah.)

which his adversaries prepare for him by their repeating: Report him, we will report him.

Report: here, report to the authorities as a dangerous man. Even those who are on friendly terms with him lie in wait for his fall. This phrase too is formed of phrases from the Psalms. On "am of my peace," cf. Psalm 41:10; on צלעי, Psalm 35:15; Psalm 38:18; and on שׁמר, watch, lie in wait for, Psalm 56:7; Psalm 71:10. "Peradventure" - so they said - "he may let himself be enticed," sc. to say something on which a capital charge may be founded (Graf). With "that we may prevail against him," cf. Jeremiah 1:19; Jeremiah 15:20. - At Jeremiah 20:11 the lament rises into confidence in the Lord, springing from the promise given to him by God at his call. אותי (for אתּי) יהוה recalls Jeremiah 1:19; Jeremiah 15:20.The designation of God as גּבּור is formed after Jeremiah 15:21. Because the Lord has promised to deliver him out of the hand of the עריצים, violent, he now calls him a hero using violence, and on this founds his assurance that his persecutors will accomplish nothing, but will come to a downfall, to shame, and be covered with never-dying, never-to-be-forgotten disgrace. Because they have dealt not wisely, i.e., foolishly, see on Jeremiah 10:21; not: because they did not prosper, which would give a weak, superfluous idea, since their not prospering lies already in בּושׁ, spe frustrari. This disgrace will befall the persecutors, because the Lord of hosts will, as Searcher of hearts, take the part of the righteous, and will take vengeance on their foes. This is the force of Jeremiah 20:12, which, with a few changes, is repeated from Jeremiah 11:20. - In this trustfulness his soul rises to a firm hope of deliverance, so that in Jeremiah 20:13 he can call on himself and all the godly to praise God, the Saviour of the poor. Cf. Psalm 31:8; Psalm 35:9-10, Psalm 35:28, etc.

Jeremiah 20:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he slew.

Job 3:10,11,16 Because it shut not up the doors of my mother's womb, nor hid sorrow from my eyes...

Job 10:18,19 Why then have you brought me forth out of the womb? Oh that I had given up the ghost, and no eye had seen me!...

Ecclesiastes 6:3 If a man beget an hundred children, and live many years, so that the days of his years be many, and his soul be not filled with good...

Cross References
Job 3:10
because it did not shut the doors of my mother's womb, nor hide trouble from my eyes.

Job 3:11
"Why did I not die at birth, come out from the womb and expire?

Job 10:18
"Why did you bring me out from the womb? Would that I had died before any eye had seen me

Job 10:19
and were as though I had not been, carried from the womb to the grave.

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