Job 17:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
if I say to the pit, ‘You are my father,’ and to the worm, ‘My mother,’ or ‘My sister,’

King James Bible
I have said to corruption, Thou art my father: to the worm, Thou art my mother, and my sister.

American Standard Version
If I have said to corruption, Thou art my father; To the worm, Thou art my mother, and my sister;

Douay-Rheims Bible
If I have said to rottenness: Thou art my father; to worms, my mother and my sister.

English Revised Version
If I have said to corruption, Thou art my father; to the worm, Thou art my mother, and my sister;

Webster's Bible Translation
I have said to corruption, Thou art my father: to the worm, Thou art my mother, and my sister.

Job 17:14 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

6 And He hath made me a proverb to the world,

And I became as one in whose face they spit.

7 Then mine eye became dim with grief,

And all my members were like a shadow.

8 The upright were astonished at it,

And the innocent is stirred up over the godless;

9 Nevertheless the righteous holdeth fast on his way,

And he that hath clean hands waxeth stronger and stronger.

Without a question, the subj. of Job 17:6 is God. It is the same thing whether משׁל is taken as inf. followed by the subject in the nominative (Ges. 133, 2), or as a subst. (lxx θρύλλημα; Aq., Symm., Theod., παραβολήν), like שׂחוק, Job 12:4, followed by the gen. subjectivus. משׁל is the usual word for ridicule, expressed in parables of a satirical character, e.g., Joel 2:17 (according to which, if משׁל were intended as inf., משׁל־בּי עמּים might have been expected); עמּים signifies both nations and races, and tribes or people, i.e., members of this and that nation, or in gen. of mankind (Job 12:2). We have intentionally chosen an ambiguous expression in the translation, for what Job says can be meant of a wide range of people (comp. on Job 2:11 ad fin.), as well as of those in the immediate neighbourhood; the friends themselves represent different tribes; and a perishable gipsy-like troglodyte race, to whom Job is become a derision, is specially described further on (Job 24, 30).

Job 17:6

By תּפת (translated by Jer. exemplum, and consequently mistaken for מופת) the older expositors are reminded of the name of the place where the sacrifices were offered to Moloch in the valley of the sons of Hinnom (whence גּיהנּם, γέεννα, hell), since they explain it by "the fire of hell," but only from want of a right perception; the לפנים standing with it, which nowhere signifies palam, and cannot here (where אהיה, although in the signification ἐγενόμην, follows) signify a multo tempore, shows that תפת here is to be derived from תּוּף, to spit out (as נפת, gum, from נוּף). This verb certainly cannot be supported in Hebr. and Aram. (since רקק is the commoner word), except two passages in the Talmud (Nidda 42a, comp. Sabbath 99b, and Chethuboth 61b); but it is confirmed by the Aethiopic and Coptic and an onomatopoetic origin, as the words πτύειν, ψύειν, spuere, Germ. speien, etc., show.

(Note: תוף is related to the Sanskrit root shttı̂v, as τέγη, τρύχους, τρύζω, and the like, to στέγη, στρύχνος, στρύζω,, vid., Kuhn's Zeitschrift, Bd. iv. Abh. i.((the falling away of s before mutes).)

Cognate is the Arabic taffafa, to treat with contempt, and the interjection tuffan, fie upon thee,

(Note: Almost all modern expositors repeat the remark here, that this tuffan is similar in meaning to ῥακά, Matthew 5:22, while they might learn from Lightfoot that it has nothing to do with רק, to spit, but is equivalent to ריקא, κενέ.)

continued...

Job 17:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

said. Heb. cried, or, called. corruption

Job 21:32,33 Yet shall he be brought to the grave, and shall remain in the tomb...

Psalm 16:10 For you will not leave my soul in hell; neither will you suffer your Holy One to see corruption.

Psalm 49:9 That he should still live for ever, and not see corruption.

Acts 2:27-31 Because you will not leave my soul in hell, neither will you suffer your Holy One to see corruption...

Acts 13:34-37 And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, now no more to return to corruption, he said on this wise...

1 Corinthians 15:42,53,54 So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption...

to the worm

Job 19:26 And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God:

Job 24:20 The womb shall forget him; the worm shall feed sweetly on him; he shall be no more remembered...

Isaiah 14:11 Your pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of your viols: the worm is spread under you, and the worms cover you.

Cross References
Job 7:5
My flesh is clothed with worms and dirt; my skin hardens, then breaks out afresh.

Job 13:28
Man wastes away like a rotten thing, like a garment that is moth-eaten.

Job 21:26
They lie down alike in the dust, and the worms cover them.

Job 25:6
how much less man, who is a maggot, and the son of man, who is a worm!"

Job 30:30
My skin turns black and falls from me, and my bones burn with heat.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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