Job 31:32
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
(the sojourner has not lodged in the street; I have opened my doors to the traveler),

King James Bible
The stranger did not lodge in the street: but I opened my doors to the traveller.

American Standard Version
(The sojourner hath not lodged in the street; But I have opened my doors to the traveller);

Douay-Rheims Bible
The stranger did not stay without, my door was open to the traveller.

English Revised Version
The stranger did not lodge in the street; but I opened my doors to the traveller;

Webster's Bible Translation
The stranger did not lodge in the street: but I opened my doors to the traveler.

Job 31:32 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

24 If I made gold my confidence,

And said to the fine gold: O my trust;

25 If I rejoiced that my wealth was great,

And that my hand had gained much; -

26 If I saw the sunlight when it shone,

And the moon walking in splendour,

27 And my heart was secretly enticed,

And I threw them a kiss by my hand:

28 This also would be a punishable crime,

For I should have played the hypocrite to God above.

Not only from covetous extortion of another's goods was he conscious of being clear, but also from an excessive delight in earthly possessions. He has not made gold his כּסל, confidence (vid., on כּסלתך, Job 4:6); he has not said to כּתם, fine gold (pure, Job 28:19, of Ophir, Job 28:16), מבטחי (with Dag. forte implicitum as Job 8:14; Job 18:14): object (ground) of my trust! He has not rejoiced that his wealth is great (רב, adj.), and that his hand has attained כּבּיר, something great (neutral masc. Ew. 172, b). His joy was the fear of God, which ennobles man, not earthly things, which are not worthy to be accounted as man's highest good. He indeed avoided πλεονεξία as εἰλωλολατρεία (Colossians 3:5), how much more the heathenish deification of the stars! אור is here, as Job 37:21 and φάος in Homer, the sun as the great light of the earth. ירח is the moon as a wanderer (from רח equals ארח), i.e., night-wanderer (noctivaga), as the Arab. târik in a like sense is the name of the morning-star. The two words יקר הלד describe with exceeding beauty the solemn majestic wandering of the moon; יקר is acc. of closer definition, like תמים, Psalm 15:2, and this "brilliantly rolling on" is the acc. of the predicate to אראה, corresponding to the כּי יחל, "that (or how) it shoots forth rays" (Hiph. of הלל, distinct from יחל Isaiah 13:20), or even: that it shot forth rays (fut. in signif. of an imperf. as Genesis 48:17).

Job 31:27 proceeds with futt. consec. in order to express the effect which this imposing spectacle of the luminaries of the day and of the night might have produced on him, but has not. The Kal ויּפתּ is to be understood as in Deuteronomy 11:16 (comp. ib. iv. 19, נדּח): it was enticed, gave way to the seducing influence. Kissing is called נשׁק as being a joining of lip to lip. Accordingly the kiss by hand can be described by נשׁקה יד לפה; the kiss which the mouth gives the hand is to a certain extent also a kiss which the hand gives the mouth, since the hand joins itself to the mouth. Thus to kiss the hand in the direction of the object of veneration, or also to turn to it the kissed hand and at the same time the kiss which fastens on it (as compensation for the direct kiss, 1 Kings 19:18; Hosea 13:2), is the proper gesture of the προσκύνησις and adoratio mentioned; comp. Pliny, h. n. xxviii. 2, 5; Inter adorandum dexteram ad osculum referimus et totum corpus circumagimus. Tacitus, Hist. iii. 24, says that in Syria they value the rising sun; and that this was done by kissing the hand (τῆν χεῖρα κύσαντες) in Western Asia as in Greece, is to be inferred from Lucians Περὶ ὀρχήσεως, c. xvii.

(Note: Vid., Freund's Lat. Wrterbuch s. v. adorare, and K. Fr. Hermann's Gottesdienstliche Alterth. der Griechen, c. xxi. 16, but especially Excursus 123 in Dougtaeus' Analecta.)

In the passage before us Ew. finds an indication of the spread of the Zoroaster doctrine in the beginning of the seventh century b.c., at which period he is of opinion the book of Job was composed, but without any ground. The ancient Persian worship has no knowledge of the act of adoration by throwing a kiss; and the Avesta recognises in the sun and moon exalted genii, but created by Ahuramazda, and consequently not such as are to be worshipped as gods. On the other hand, star-worship is everywhere the oldest and also comparatively the purest form of heathenism. That the ancient Arabs, especially the Himjarites, adored the sun, שׁמשׁ, and the moon, שׂין (סין, whence סיני, the mountain dedicated to the moon), as divine, we know from the ancient testimonies,

continued...

Job 31:32 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The stranger

Job 31:17,18 Or have eaten my morsel myself alone, and the fatherless has not eaten thereof...

Genesis 19:2,3 And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant's house, and tarry all night...

Judges 19:15,20,21 And they turned aside thither, to go in and to lodge in Gibeah: and when he went in, he sat him down in a street of the city...

Isaiah 58:7 Is it not to deal your bread to the hungry, and that you bring the poor that are cast out to your house? when you see the naked...

Matthew 25:35,40,44,45 For I was an hungered, and you gave me meat: I was thirsty, and you gave me drink: I was a stranger, and you took me in...

Romans 12:13 Distributing to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality.

1 Timothy 5:10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet...

Hebrews 13:2 Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.

1 Peter 4:9 Use hospitality one to another without grudging.

traveller. or, way

Cross References
Matthew 25:35
For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed me,

Judges 19:17
And he lifted up his eyes and saw the traveler in the open square of the city. And the old man said, "Where are you going? And where do you come from?"

Job 31:31
if the men of my tent have not said, 'Who is there that has not been filled with his meat?'

Job 31:33
if I have concealed my transgressions as others do by hiding my iniquity in my heart,

Jump to Previous
Alien Always Door Doors Foreigner Journey Lodged Night Night's Open Opened Outside Pathway Rest Roadside Sojourner Spend Stranger Street Traveler Traveller Wayfarer
Jump to Next
Alien Always Door Doors Foreigner Journey Lodged Night Night's Open Opened Outside Pathway Rest Roadside Sojourner Spend Stranger Street Traveler Traveller Wayfarer
Links
Job 31:32 NIV
Job 31:32 NLT
Job 31:32 ESV
Job 31:32 NASB
Job 31:32 KJV

Job 31:32 Bible Apps
Job 31:32 Biblia Paralela
Job 31:32 Chinese Bible
Job 31:32 French Bible
Job 31:32 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Job 31:31
Top of Page
Top of Page