Exodus 17:8
New International Version
The Amalekites came and attacked the Israelites at Rephidim.

New Living Translation
While the people of Israel were still at Rephidim, the warriors of Amalek attacked them.

English Standard Version
Then Amalek came and fought with Israel at Rephidim.

Berean Study Bible
After this, the Amalekites came and attacked the Israelites at Rephidim.

King James Bible
Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.

New King James Version
Now Amalek came and fought with Israel in Rephidim.

New American Standard Bible
Then Amalek came and fought against Israel at Rephidim.

NASB 1995
Then Amalek came and fought against Israel at Rephidim.

NASB 1977
Then Amalek came and fought against Israel at Rephidim.

Amplified Bible
Then Amalek [and his people] came and fought with Israel at Rephidim.

Christian Standard Bible
At Rephidim, Amalek came and fought against Israel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
At Rephidim, Amalek came and fought against Israel.

American Standard Version
Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Amaleq came to make war with Israel in Raphidin.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Amalec came and fought with Israel in Raphidin.

Contemporary English Version
When the Israelites were at Rephidim, they were attacked by the Amalekites.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Amalec came, and fought against Israel in Raphidim.

English Revised Version
Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.

Good News Translation
The Amalekites came and attacked the Israelites at Rephidim.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Amalekites fought Israel at Rephidim.

International Standard Version
After this, the Amalekites came and fought with the Israelis at Rephidim.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.

Literal Standard Version
And Amalek comes, and fights with Israel in Rephidim,

NET Bible
Amalek came and attacked Israel in Rephidim.

New Heart English Bible
Then Amalek came and fought with Israel in Rephidim.

World English Bible
Then Amalek came and fought with Israel in Rephidim.

Young's Literal Translation
And Amalek cometh, and fighteth with Israel in Rephidim,

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Defeat of the Amalekites
8After this, the Amalekites came and attacked the Israelites at Rephidim. 9So Moses said to Joshua, “Choose some of our men and go out to fight the Amalekites. Tomorrow I will stand on the hilltop with the staff of God in my hand.”…

Cross References
Genesis 36:12
Additionally, Timna, a concubine of Esau's son Eliphaz, gave birth to Amalek. These are the grandsons of Esau's wife Adah.

Exodus 17:1
Then the whole congregation of Israel left the Desert of Sin, moving from place to place as the LORD commanded. They camped at Rephidim, but there was no water for the people to drink.

Numbers 24:20
Then Balaam saw Amalek and lifted up an oracle, saying: "Amalek was first among the nations, but his end is destruction."

Deuteronomy 25:17
Remember what the Amalekites did to you along your way from Egypt,

1 Samuel 15:2
This is what the LORD of Hosts says: 'I witnessed what the Amalekites did to the Israelites when they ambushed them on their way up from Egypt.

1 Samuel 27:8
Now David and his men went up and raided the Geshurites, the Girzites, and the Amalekites. (From ancient times these people had inhabited the land extending to Shur and Egypt.)


Treasury of Scripture

Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.

Genesis 36:12,16
And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau's son; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek: these were the sons of Adah Esau's wife…

Numbers 24:20
And when he looked on Amalek, he took up his parable, and said, Amalek was the first of the nations; but his latter end shall be that he perish for ever.

Deuteronomy 25:17
Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way, when ye were come forth out of Egypt;









(8) Then came Amalek.--The Amalekites had not been previously (except in the anticipatory notice of Genesis 14:7) mentioned as a nation. Their name marks them for descendants of Amalek, the grandson of Esau (Genesis 36:12; Genesis 36:16); and it would seem that they early became the predominant people in the Sinaitic peninsula. Balaam speaks of them as "the first of the nations" (Numbers 24:20); and though we do lot meet with the name in the Egyptian records, yet it is probable that they were among the hostile nations whom we find constantly contending with the Egyptians upon their north-eastern frontier. Though Edomitesn they are always regarded as a distinct race, and one especially hostile to Israel (Exodus 17:16). Their present hostility was not altogether unprovoked. No doubt they regarded the Sinaitic region as their own, and as the most valuable portion of their territory, since it contained their summer and autumn pastures. During their absence in its more northern portion, where there was pasture for their flocks after the spring rains, a swarm of emigrants had occupied some of their best lands, and threatened to seize the remainder. Naturally, they would resent the occupation. They would not understand that it was only temporary. They would regard the Israelites as intruders, robbers, persons entitled to scant favour at their hands. Accordingly, they swooped upon them without mercy, attacked their rear as they were upon the march, cut off their stragglers, and slew many that were "feeble, faint, and weary" (Deuteronomy 25:17-18). They then encamped in their neighbourhood, with the design of renewing the struggle on the next day. It was under these circumstances that Moses had to make his arrangements. . . . Verses 8-16. - THE WAR WITH AMALEK. The Amalekites seem to have been descendants of Amalek, the grandson of Esau (Genesis 36:12). They separated themselves off from the other Edomites at an early date, and became the predominant tribe in the more northern parts of the Sinaitic peninsula, claiming and exercising a sovereignty over the whole of the desert country between the borders of Palestine and Egypt. We do not find the name Amalek in the Egyptian records; but the people are probably represented by the Mentu, with whom so many of the early Egyptian kings contended. The Pharaohs dispossessed them of the north-western portion of the mountain region; but they probably claimed the suzerainty of the central hills and valleys, which the Egyptians never occupied; and on these they no doubt set a high value as affording water and pasture for their flocks during the height of summer. When the Israelites pressed forward into these parts, the Amale-kites, in spite of the fact that they were a kindred race, determined on giving them battle. They began by "insidiously attacking the rear of the Hebrew army, when it was exhausted and weary" (Deuteronomy 25:18). I-laving cut off many stragglers, they attacked the main body at Rephidim, in the Wady-Feiran, and fought the long battle which the text describes (vers. 10-13). The result was the complete discomfiture of the assailants, who thenceforth avoided all contact with Israel until attacked in their turn at the southern frontier of Canaan, when, in conjunction with the Canaanites, they were victorious (Numbers 14:45). A bitter and long continued enmity followed. Amalek, "the first of the nations" to attack Israel (Exodus 24:20), was pursued with unrelenting hostility (Deuteronomy 25:17-19), defeated repeatedly by Saul and David (1 Samuel 14:48; 1 Samuel 15:7; 1 Samuel 27:8; 1 Samuel 30:17; 2 Samuel 8:12); the last remnant of the nation being finally destroyed by the Simeonites in the reign of king Hezekiah, as related by the author of Chronicles (1 Chronicles 4:41-43). Verse 8. - Then came Amalek. The bulk of the Amalekites would have been passing the spring in the lower plains, where herbage is abundant after the early rains, while later in the year it dries up. They would hear of the threatened occupation of their precious summer pastures by the vast host of the Hebrews, and would seek to prevent it by blocking the way. Hence they are said to have "come" - i.e., to have marched into a position where they were not previously, though it was one situated within their country. We must remember that they were nomads. And fought with Israel For the nature of the fighting on the first day, see Deuteronomy 25:18; by which it appears that the original attack was made on the rear of the long column, and was successful. The Amalekites "smote the hindmost" of the Israelites, "even all that were feeble behind them, when they were faint and weary."

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
After this, the Amalekites
עֲמָלֵ֑ק (‘ă·mā·lêq)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6002: Amalek -- a descendant of Esau, also his posterity

came
וַיָּבֹ֖א (way·yā·ḇō)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 935: To come in, come, go in, go

and attacked
וַיִּלָּ֥חֶם (way·yil·lā·ḥem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3898: To feed on, to consume, to battle

the Israelites
יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

at Rephidim.
בִּרְפִידִֽם׃ (bir·p̄î·ḏim)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 7508: Rephidim -- a place in the desert


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OT Law: Exodus 17:8 Then Amalek came and fought with Israel (Exo. Ex)
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