Genesis 49:23
New International Version
With bitterness archers attacked him; they shot at him with hostility.

New Living Translation
Archers attacked him savagely; they shot at him and harassed him.

English Standard Version
The archers bitterly attacked him, shot at him, and harassed him severely,

Berean Study Bible
The archers attacked him with bitterness; they aimed at him in hostility.

King James Bible
The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him:

New King James Version
The archers have bitterly grieved him, Shot at him and hated him.

New American Standard Bible
“The archers provoked him, And shot at him and were hostile toward him;

NASB 1995
"The archers bitterly attacked him, And shot at him and harassed him;

NASB 1977
“The archers bitterly attacked him, And shot at him and harassed him;

Amplified Bible
“The [skilled] archers have bitterly attacked and provoked him; They have shot [at him] and harassed him.

Christian Standard Bible
The archers attacked him, shot at him, and were hostile toward him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The archers attacked him, shot at him, and were hostile toward him.

American Standard Version
The archers have sorely grieved him, And shot at him, and persecute him:

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they contended with him, and they have increased and the Lords of armies envied him:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Against whom men taking evil counsel reproached him, and the archers pressed hard upon him.

Contemporary English Version
Enemies attacked with arrows, refusing to show mercy.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But they that held darts provoked him, and quarrelled with him, and envied him.

English Revised Version
The archers have sorely grieved him, And shot at him, and persecuted him:

Good News Translation
His enemies attack him fiercely And pursue him with their bows and arrows.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Archers provoked him, shot at him, and attacked him.

International Standard Version
Even though enemies attacked him, shooting at him and pursuing him viciously,

JPS Tanakh 1917
The archers have dealt bitterly with him, And shot at him, and hated him;

Literal Standard Version
And embitter him indeed, they have striven, "" Indeed, archers hate him;

NET Bible
The archers will attack him, they will shoot at him and oppose him.

New Heart English Bible
The archers will attack him with bitterness, and shoot at him, and harass him.

World English Bible
The archers have severely grieved him, shot at him, and persecute him:

Young's Literal Translation
And embitter him -- yea, they have striven, Yea, hate him do archers;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Jacob Blesses His Sons
22Joseph is a fruitful vine—a fruitful vine by a spring, whose branches scale the wall. 23The archers attacked him with bitterness; they aimed at him in hostility. 24Yet he steadied his bow, and his strong arms were tempered by the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob, in the name of the Shepherd, the Rock of Israel,…

Cross References
Genesis 49:22
Joseph is a fruitful vine--a fruitful vine by a spring, whose branches scale the wall.

Genesis 49:24
Yet he steadied his bow, and his strong arms were tempered by the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob, in the name of the Shepherd, the Rock of Israel,


Treasury of Scripture

The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him:

Genesis 37:4,18,24,28
And when his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him, and could not speak peaceably unto him…

Genesis 39:7-20
And it came to pass after these things, that his master's wife cast her eyes upon Joseph; and she said, Lie with me…

Genesis 42:21
And they said one to another, We are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.









(23) The archers.--Naturally Jacob next describes the sorrows of Joseph's youth, but in poetical terms, so as not to wound the feelings of his brethren, or rouse up thoughts of vengeance in Joseph's own mind. Thus be compares him to a warrior, too mighty for his enemies to close with in open conflict, but whom they harass from a distance. "Hated him" would be better translated, laid snares for him, were guilty of treachery and deceit.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The archers
בַּעֲלֵ֥י (ba·‘ă·lê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1167: A master, a husband, owner

attacked him with bitterness,
וַֽיְמָרֲרֻ֖הוּ (way·mā·ră·ru·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural | third person masculine singular
Strong's 4843: To be, bitter

and aimed
וָרֹ֑בּוּ (wā·rōb·bū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 7232: To multiply ten thousand times

in hostility.
וַֽיִּשְׂטְמֻ֖הוּ (way·yiś·ṭə·mu·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7852: To bear a grudge or cherish animosity against


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Archers Arrows Attacked Bitterly Bitterness Cruelly Dealt Embitter Fiercely Grieved Harassed Hate Hated Hostility Persecute Provoked Shot Sorely Striven Troubled Wounding
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OT Law: Genesis 49:23 The archers have sorely grieved him shot (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 49:22
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