Ezekiel 18:16
New International Version
He does not oppress anyone or require a pledge for a loan. He does not commit robbery but gives his food to the hungry and provides clothing for the naked.

New Living Translation
He does not exploit the poor, but instead is fair to debtors and does not rob them. He gives food to the hungry and provides clothes for the needy.

English Standard Version
does not oppress anyone, exacts no pledge, commits no robbery, but gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with a garment,

Berean Study Bible
He does not oppress another, or retain a pledge, or commit robbery. He gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing.

King James Bible
Neither hath oppressed any, hath not withholden the pledge, neither hath spoiled by violence, but hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment,

New King James Version
Has not oppressed anyone, Nor withheld a pledge, Nor robbed by violence, But has given his bread to the hungry And covered the naked with clothing;

New American Standard Bible
nor oppressed anyone, nor retained a pledge, nor committed robbery; instead, he gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing,

NASB 1995
or oppress anyone, or retain a pledge, or commit robbery, but he gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing,

NASB 1977
or oppress anyone, or retain a pledge, or commit robbery, but he gives his bread to the hungry, and covers the naked with clothing,

Amplified Bible
or oppress anyone, or take anything in pledge, or commit robbery, but he gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing,

Christian Standard Bible
He doesn’t oppress anyone, hold collateral, or commit robbery. He gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He doesn’t oppress anyone, hold collateral, or commit robbery. He gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing.

American Standard Version
neither hath wronged any, hath not taken aught to pledge, neither hath taken by robbery, but hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Neither will he cheat a man, nor take away the security of a man, nor do harm, and he will give bread to the hungry and he will clothe the naked

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and has not oppressed a man, and has not retained the pledge, nor committed robbery, has given his bread to the hungry, and has clothed the naked,

Contemporary English Version
He never cheats or robs anyone and doesn't even demand security for a loan. He gives food and clothes to the poor

Douay-Rheims Bible
And hath not grieved any man, nor withholden the pledge, nor taken away with violence, but hath given his bread to the hungry, and covered the naked with a garment:

English Revised Version
neither hath wronged any, hath not taken aught to pledge, neither hath spoiled by violence, but hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment,

Good News Translation
or oppress anyone or rob anyone. He returns what a borrower gives him as security. He feeds the hungry and gives clothing to the naked.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He doesn't oppress anyone. He doesn't keep the security for a loan. He doesn't rob anyone. He gives food to people who are hungry, and he gives clothes to those who are naked.

International Standard Version
doesn't oppress anyone, doesn't take possession of a debtor's pledge, or doesn't steal, but instead shares his food with the hungry, gives clothes to those who are naked,

JPS Tanakh 1917
neither hath wronged any, hath not taken aught to pledge, neither hath taken by robbery, but hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment,

Literal Standard Version
He has not oppressed a man, He has not bound a pledge, And he has not taken away plunder, He has given his bread to the hungry, And he covered the naked with a garment,

NET Bible
does not oppress anyone or keep what has been given in pledge, does not commit robbery, gives his food to the hungry, and clothes the naked,

New Heart English Bible
neither has wronged any, has not taken anything to pledge, neither has taken by robbery, but has given his bread to the hungry, and has covered the naked with a garment;

World English Bible
neither has wronged any, has not taken anything to pledge, neither has taken by robbery, but has given his bread to the hungry, and has covered the naked with a garment;

Young's Literal Translation
A man -- he hath not oppressed, A pledge he hath not bound, And plunder he hath not taken away, His bread to the hungry he hath given, And the naked he covered with a garment,

Additional Translations ...
Context
A Proverb about Israel
15He does not eat at the mountain or look to the idols of the house of Israel. He does not defile his neighbor’s wife. 16He does not oppress another, or retain a pledge, or commit robbery. He gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing. 17He withholds his hand from harming the poor and takes no interest or usury. He keeps My ordinances and follows My statutes. Such a man will not die for his father’s iniquity. He will surely live.…

Cross References
Matthew 25:35
For I was hungry and you gave Me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave Me something to drink, I was a stranger and you took Me in,

Matthew 25:36
I was naked and you clothed Me, I was sick and you looked after Me, I was in prison and you visited Me.'

Job 22:6
For you needlessly demanded security from your brothers and deprived the naked of their clothing.

Job 31:16
If I have denied the desires of the poor or allowed the widow's eyes to fail,

Job 31:20
if his heart has not blessed me for warming him with the fleece of my sheep,

Psalm 41:1
Blessed is he who cares for the poor; the LORD will deliver him in the day of trouble.

Isaiah 58:7
Isn't it to share your bread with the hungry, to bring the poor and homeless into your home, to clothe the naked when you see him, and not to turn away from your own flesh and blood?


Treasury of Scripture

Neither has oppressed any, has not withheld the pledge, neither has spoiled by violence, but has given his bread to the hungry, and has covered the naked with a garment,

withholden the pledge.

Ezekiel 18:7
And hath not oppressed any, but hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;

but hath

Job 22:7
Thou hast not given water to the weary to drink, and thou hast withholden bread from the hungry.

Job 31:19
If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering;

Proverbs 22:9
He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed; for he giveth of his bread to the poor.











Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
He does not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

oppress
הוֹנָ֔ה (hō·w·nāh)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3238: To rage, be violent, to suppress, to maltreat

another,
וְאִישׁ֙ (wə·’îš)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

or retain
חָבָ֔ל (ḥā·ḇāl)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2254: To wind tightly, to bind, a pledge, to pervert, destroy, to writhe in pain

a pledge,
חֲבֹל֙ (ḥă·ḇōl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2258: A pledge

or commit
גָזָ֑ל (ḡā·zāl)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1497: To pluck off, to flay, strip, rob

robbery.
וּגְזֵלָ֖ה (ū·ḡə·zê·lāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 1500: Robbery, plunder

He gives
נָתָ֔ן (nā·ṯān)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

his bread
לַחְמוֹ֙ (laḥ·mōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 3899: Food, bread, grain

to the hungry
לְרָעֵ֣ב (lə·rā·‘êḇ)
Preposition-l | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 7457: Hungry

and covers
כִּסָּה־ (kis·sāh-)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3680: To plump, fill up hollows, to cover

the naked
וְעֵר֖וֹם (wə·‘ê·rō·wm)
Conjunctive waw | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 5903: Naked, nakedness

with clothing.
בָֽגֶד׃ (ḇā·ḡeḏ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 899: A covering, clothing, treachery, pillage


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Aught Bread Clothing Commit Commits Covered Covers Debt Exacts Exercised Food Force Garment Gives Goods Hungry Loan Naked Need Oppress Oppressed Pledge Provides Require Retain Robbery Spoiled Stripped Violence Withheld Withholden Wronged
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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 18:16 Neither has wronged any has not taken (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
Ezekiel 18:15
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