Genesis 25:16
New International Version
These were the sons of Ishmael, and these are the names of the twelve tribal rulers according to their settlements and camps.

New Living Translation
These twelve sons of Ishmael became the founders of twelve tribes named after them, listed according to the places they settled and camped.

English Standard Version
These are the sons of Ishmael and these are their names, by their villages and by their encampments, twelve princes according to their tribes.

Berean Study Bible
These were the sons of Ishmael, and these were their names by their villages and encampments—twelve princes of their tribes.

King James Bible
These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations.

New King James Version
These were the sons of Ishmael and these were their names, by their towns and their settlements, twelve princes according to their nations.

New American Standard Bible
These are the sons of Ishmael and these are their names, by their villages, and by their camps; twelve princes according to their tribes.

NASB 1995
These are the sons of Ishmael and these are their names, by their villages, and by their camps; twelve princes according to their tribes.

NASB 1977
These are the sons of Ishmael and these are their names, by their villages, and by their camps; twelve princes according to their tribes.

Amplified Bible
These are the sons of Ishmael and these are their names, by their settlements, and by their encampments (sheepfolds); twelve princes (sheiks) according to their tribes.

Christian Standard Bible
These are Ishmael’s sons, and these are their names by their settlements and encampments: twelve leaders of their clans.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These are Ishmael’s sons, and these are their names by their villages and encampments: 12 leaders of their clans.

American Standard Version
These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their villages, and by their encampments. Twelve princes according to their nations.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
These are the sons of Ishmayl, and these are their names in their habitations and in their sheepfolds, twelve Princes to their people.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
These are the sons of Ismael, and these are their names in their tents and in their dwellings, twelve princes according to their nations.

Contemporary English Version
Each of Ishmael's sons was a tribal chief, and a village was named after each of them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These are the sons of Ismael: and these are their names by their castles and towns, twelve princes of their tribes.

English Revised Version
these are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their villages, and by their encampments; twelve princes according to their nations.

Good News Translation
They were the ancestors of twelve tribes, and their names were given to their villages and camping places.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These are the sons of Ishmael and their names listed by their settlements and camps-12 leaders of their tribes.

International Standard Version
These were Ishmael's children, listed by their names according to their villages and their camps. There were a total of twelve tribal chiefs, according to their clans.

JPS Tanakh 1917
these are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their villages, and by their encampments; twelve princes according to their nations.

Literal Standard Version
these are sons of Ishmael, and these [are] their names, by their villages, and by their towers; twelve princes according to their peoples.

NET Bible
These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names by their settlements and their camps--twelve princes according to their clans.

New Heart English Bible
These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their villages, and by their encampments: twelve princes, according to their clans.

World English Bible
These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their villages, and by their encampments: twelve princes, according to their nations.

Young's Literal Translation
these are sons of Ishmael, and these their names, by their villages, and by their towers; twelve princes according to their peoples.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Descendants of Ishmael
15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16These were the sons of Ishmael, and these were their names by their villages and encampments— twelve princes of their tribes. 17Ishmael lived a total of 137 years. Then he breathed his last and died, and was gathered to his people.…

Cross References
Genesis 17:20
As for Ishmael, I have heard you, and I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and multiply him greatly. He will become the father of twelve rulers, and I will make him into a great nation.

Genesis 25:15
Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah.

Numbers 31:10
Then they burned all the cities where the Midianites had lived, as well as all their encampments,

1 Chronicles 6:54
Now these were the territories assigned to the descendants of Aaron from the Kohathite clan for their settlements, because the first lot fell to them:


Treasury of Scripture

These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations.

castles.

twelve.

Genesis 17:20,23
And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation…









(16) By their towns, and by their castles.--Towns and castles in the wilderness of Paran there were none, but we know for certain that the first of these words signified an unwalled village. (See Leviticus 25:31, where it is exactly described; also Psalm 10:8�, Isaiah 42:11.) It was, however, a settled and permanent place of dwelling. The other word rendered here castle, but used as the equivalent of tent in Psalm 69:25, is really a cluster of tents, the encampment of a tribe, and movable. It occurs in Numbers 31:10; 1Chronicles 6:54; Ezekiel 25:4. As is well known, the Arabs are divided into two classes--the dwellers in tents, who are ever moving from station to station, within certain limits, nevertheless, which they seldom pass over; and the agricultural class, who have fixed habitations, are looked upon as inferiors, and probably are the remains of a conquered race. To this day they pay a sort of rent, or black-mail, to the nobler Arabs. We find, then, this distinction already existing when this Toldoth was drawn up; the agricultural Arabs dwelling in unwalled villages, while the nomad tribes pitched now here, and now there, their clusters of black camels'-hair tents. And thus we have in these words proof that Ishmael and his subjects were not all upon the same level; for while he, his sons, and his noblest retainers would dwell in tents, the inhabitants of the villages would be men of inferior origin, compelled to submit themselves to him. . . . Verse 16. - These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their towns, - unwalled encampments, from hatzar, to surround; used of the movable villages of nomadic tribes (cf. Isaiah 42:11) - and by their castles; - fortified keeps (Murphy); tent villages (Keil); nomadic camps (Kalisch). Cf. Numbers 31:10; 1 Chronicles 6:39; Psalm 69:26; Ezekiel 25:4) - twelve princes - this does not imply that Ishmael had only twelve sons, like Israel - a very suspicious circumstance (De Wette); but only that these twelve became phylarchs (Havernick). The Egyptian dedecarchy rested on a like earlier division of names. Homer mentions a similar case among the Phoenicians (Odyss., 8. 390); Thucydides another in ancient Attica (2. 15); vide Havernick's 'Introch,' § 18 - according to their nations (or tribe divisions).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
These
אֵ֣לֶּה (êl·leh)
Pronoun - common plural
Strong's 428: These, those

were
הֵ֞ם (hêm)
Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1992: They

the sons
בְּנֵ֤י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Ishmael,
יִשְׁמָעֵאל֙ (yiš·mā·‘êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3458: Ishmael -- 'God hears', the name of several Israelites

and these
וְאֵ֣לֶּה (wə·’êl·leh)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - common plural
Strong's 428: These, those

were their names
שְׁמֹתָ֔ם (šə·mō·ṯām)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 8034: A name

by their villages
בְּחַצְרֵיהֶ֖ם (bə·ḥaṣ·rê·hem)
Preposition-b | Noun - common plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 2691: A yard, a hamlet

and encampments—
וּבְטִֽירֹתָ֑ם (ū·ḇə·ṭî·rō·ṯām)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 2918: A wall, a fortress, a hamlet

twelve
שְׁנֵים־ (šə·nêm-)
Number - md
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

princes
נְשִׂיאִ֖ם (nə·śî·’im)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 5387: An exalted one, a king, sheik, a rising mist

of their tribes.
לְאֻמֹּתָֽם׃ (lə·’um·mō·ṯām)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 523: A collection, community of persons


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OT Law: Genesis 25:16 These are the sons of Ishmael (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 25:15
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