Leviticus 11:9
New International Version
"'Of all the creatures living in the water of the seas and the streams you may eat any that have fins and scales.

New Living Translation
“Of all the marine animals, these are ones you may use for food. You may eat anything from the water if it has both fins and scales, whether taken from salt water or from streams.

English Standard Version
“These you may eat, of all that are in the waters. Everything in the waters that has fins and scales, whether in the seas or in the rivers, you may eat.

Berean Study Bible
Of all the creatures that live in the water, whether in the seas or in the streams, you may eat anything with fins and scales.

King James Bible
These shall ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them shall ye eat.

New King James Version
‘These you may eat of all that are in the water: whatever in the water has fins and scales, whether in the seas or in the rivers—that you may eat.

New American Standard Bible
‘These you may eat, of whatever is in the water: everything that has fins and scales, in the water, in the seas, or in the rivers, you may eat.

NASB 1995
'These you may eat, whatever is in the water: all that have fins and scales, those in the water, in the seas or in the rivers, you may eat.

NASB 1977
‘These you may eat, whatever is in the water: all that have fins and scales, those in the water, in the seas or in the rivers, you may eat.

Amplified Bible
‘These you may eat, whatever is in the water: whatever has fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, these you may eat;

Christian Standard Bible
“This is what you may eat from all that is in the water: You may eat everything in the water that has fins and scales, whether in the seas or streams.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
This is what you may eat from all that is in the water: You may eat everything in the water that has fins and scales, whether in the seas or streams.

American Standard Version
These may ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, that may ye eat.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And these things you will eat from everything that is in water: eat anything that has fins and scales in the water, in the seas and in rivers.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And these are what ye shall eat of all that are in the waters: all things that have fins and scales in the waters, and in the seas, and in the brooks, these ye shall eat.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These are the things that breed in the waters, and which it is lawful to eat. All that hath fins, and scales, as well in the sea, as in the rivers, and the pools, you shall eat.

English Revised Version
These shall ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them shall ye eat.

Good News Translation
You may eat any kind of fish that has fins and scales,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Here are the kinds of creatures that live in the water which you may eat-anything in the seas and streams that has fins and scales.

International Standard Version
"You may eat anything that lives in the water—that is, you may eat anything that has fins and scales either from the seas or from the rivers.

JPS Tanakh 1917
These may ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them may ye eat.

Literal Standard Version
This you eat of all which [are] in the waters: anything that has fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the brooks, them you eat;

NET Bible
"'These you can eat from all creatures that are in the water: Any creatures in the water that have both fins and scales, whether in the seas or in the streams, you may eat.

New Heart English Bible
"'These you may eat of all that are in the waters: whatever has fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, that you may eat.

World English Bible
"'These you may eat of all that are in the waters: whatever has fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, that you may eat.

Young's Literal Translation
This ye do eat of all which are in the waters; any one that hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the brooks, them ye do eat;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Clean and Unclean Animals
8You must not eat their meat or touch their carcasses; they are unclean for you. 9 Of all the creatures that live in the water, whether in the seas or in the streams, you may eat anything with fins and scales. 10But the following among all the teeming life and creatures in the water are detestable to you: everything in the seas or streams that does not have fins and scales.…

Cross References
Leviticus 11:8
You must not eat their meat or touch their carcasses; they are unclean for you.

Leviticus 11:10
But the following among all the teeming life and creatures in the water are detestable to you: everything in the seas or streams that does not have fins and scales.

Deuteronomy 14:9
Of all the creatures that live in the water, you may eat anything with fins and scales,


Treasury of Scripture

These shall you eat of all that are in the waters: whatever has fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them shall you eat.

Deuteronomy 14:9,10
These ye shall eat of all that are in the waters: all that have fins and scales shall ye eat: …

Acts 20:21
Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.

Galatians 5:6
For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.









(9) These shall ye eat.--The water animals, which, as we have seen, constitute the second division of the animal kingdom, now follow the land animals. They are discussed in Leviticus 11:9-12. Like the clean quadrupeds, the salt-water and the fresh-water fish must comply with two conditions to bring them within the class of clean. They must have both scales and fins. It will be seen that in the case of the quadrupeds, not only are two criteria given by which the clean animals may be distinguished from the unclean, but that the law is illustrated by adducing ten land animals of the former kind (see Leviticus 11:2), and four of the latter (see Leviticus 11:4-7). In the case before us, however, not a single typical fish is given by name, and the law itself is expressed in the briefest and most generic manner possible. It was evidently left to those upon whom the administration of the law devolved to define it more minutely in order that it may be observed in practical life. Hence the following expanded definitions obtained during the second Temple:--(1) All fishes with scales have invariably also fins, but fishes which have fins have not always scales. Any fish, therefore, or even a piece of one exposed by itself for sale in the market, which exhibits scales may be eaten, for it is to be taken for granted that it had fins, or that the fins cannot be seen because of their extraordinary smallness. But, on the other hand, a fish with fins may exist without scales, and hence is unclean; (2) Clean fishes have a complete vertebral column, but the unclean have simply single joints, united by a gelatinous cord. To the former class belong, (a) "the soft fins," or the salmon and trout, the capellan and grayling, the herring, the anchovy and the sardine, the pike and carp families, the cod, the hake and the haddock, the sole, the turbot, and the plaice; (b) "the spiny fins," as the perch, the mackerel, and the tunny. To the latter class belong the shark tribe, the sturgeons with their caviare, the lamprey, and the nine-eyed eel; (3) The head of clean fishes is more or less broad, whilst that of the unclean kinds is more or less pointed at the end, as the eel, the mammalian species, &c.; (4) The swimming bladder of clean fishes is rounded at one end, and pointed at the other, whilst that of the unclean fishes is either rounded or pointed at both extremities alike. It is in allusion to this law that we are told in the parable of the fisherman, which is taken from Jewish life, that when they drew to shore the net with every kind of fishes, the fishermen sat down (i.e., to examine the clean and the unclean), and gathered the good (i.e., the clean), into the vessels, but cast the bad (i.e., the unclean) away (Matthew 13:48). The orthodox Jews to this day strictly observe these regulations, and abhor eating those fishes which are enumerated under the four above-named criteria of not clean. It is moreover to be remarked that fishes without scales are also still regarded in Egypt as unwholesome, and that the Romans would not permit them to be offered in sacrifice.

Verses 9-12. - Whatsoever hath fins and scales. The absence of fins and scales, or their apparent absence - for phenomenal language is used, as before - gives to fish a repulsive look, on which is grounded the prohibition to eat them. Eels and shell-fish are thus forbidden, though a long course of experience has now taken away the feeling of repulsion with which they were once looked upon. The flesh of the beasts for, bidden to be eaten is only described as unclean, but that of the prohibited fish, birds, insects, and vermin, is designated as an abomination unto you.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Of all [the creatures]
מִכֹּ֖ל (mik·kōl)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

that [live]
אֲשֶׁ֣ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

in the water,
בַּמָּ֑יִם (bam·mā·yim)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

whether salt water
בַּיַּמִּ֛ים (bay·yam·mîm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 3220: A sea, the Mediterranean Sea, large river, an artifical basin

or fresh water,
וּבַנְּחָלִ֖ים (ū·ḇan·nə·ḥā·lîm)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 5158: A stream, a winter torrent, a, valley, a shaft

you may eat
תֹּֽאכְל֔וּ (tō·ḵə·lū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's 398: To eat

any
כֹּ֣ל (kōl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

that
אֲשֶׁר־ (’ă·šer-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

have fins
סְנַפִּ֨יר (sə·nap·pîr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5579: A fin

and scales.
וְקַשְׂקֶ֜שֶׂת (wə·qaś·qe·śeṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 7193: A scale, a coat of mail


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OT Law: Leviticus 11:9 These you may eat of all that (Le Lv Lev.)
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